A conversation with Benny Morris
Q: How does 1948: A History of the First Arab-Israeli War relate to your previous work?
A: In the past, I have written about one particular aspect of the warabout the creation of the Palestinian refugee problem over 1947-1949, for exampleor, more generally, about the course of the Zionist-Arab conflict from 1881 to 2000. In this book I address the whole of the 1948 War in its political and military aspects, taking in as well the international context and interventions, the Arab world, and the internal Israeli scene. I try to present a good overall picture of what happened and why, from the UN handling of the Palestine issue to the Israeli-Arab armistice agreements that ended the war.
Q: What do you think at bottom is the cause of the Arab-Israeli conflict?
A: I would say that there is a territorial dispute between two peoples who claim the same patch of land. It is a very small, patch of land, and so the idea of dividing it between the two is extremely problematic a the technical sense. But it is also a cultural-religious conflict between the Islamic East and the West. The Islamic Arab world sees Israelas it sees itselfas an offshoot and outpost of the West inin their viewa Muslim area and as an infidel, invasive presence. Israel and Zionism are seen by the Islamic Arab world, and the wider Islamic world, as illegitimate. This, at root, is the cause of the ongoing conflict. Were they to accord it legitimacy, the problem in Palestine/Israel would be soluble. At present, given this mindset, it isn't.
Q: Are there any lessons to be learned from the study of the 1948 War?
A: To be sure, many Israelis will learn that they must remain strong and technologically advanced; otherwise they will be overwhelmed by Arab numbers and fervor. The Arabs might learn that they must improve themselves, at least on a technological-scientific level, and better their societies and armies, if they hope to overcome Israel, though it is possible that if they do, they may lose the desire to destroy Israel. Outsiders may simply learn about the conflict and the nature of the two contending societies, at least as they were in 1948, and perhaps with certain implications for the present and future.
A good review of the Israeli war of independence in 1948, but a million books have been written on the subjects. Read morePublished 27 days ago by Esar Shvartz
It was a well written history which the author divided about evenly between military and diplomatic activity. Read morePublished 1 month ago by Preston Rideout
Be warned: for those of you who have heard this is some leftist screed or biased presentation of the 1948 War of Independence, you will be disappointed. Read morePublished 1 month ago by Hungry-4-the-Word
As an amateur student of Israel's history for most of my life, I heartily recommend this book both for those well familiar with Israel's story and for those who are not. Read morePublished 2 months ago by Sandy & Richard
Both a clear narrative account of the civil war following the withdrawal of the British Mandate - and the events leading thereto - and the subsequent war between the nascent... Read morePublished 6 months ago by Wm.
A detailed blow by blow account of the founding of the Jewish state, with its devastating losses and its victories. Read morePublished 7 months ago by Norman Bernstein Esq.