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AI4U: Mind-1.1 Programmer's Manual Paperback – November 28, 2002

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Product Details

  • Paperback: 236 pages
  • Publisher: iUniverse (November 28, 2002)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0595259227
  • ISBN-13: 978-0595259229
  • Product Dimensions: 6 x 0.6 x 9 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 12.3 ounces (View shipping rates and policies)
  • Average Customer Review: 1.2 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (4 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #747,168 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

Editorial Reviews

From the Author

AI4U (Artificial Intelligence for You) was published in 2002 with each chapter describing one of the thirty-four (34) mind-modules then included in the Forth and JavaScript AI Minds. The AI software was not yet bug-free or consistently functional. In 2008 the software began really to think and to express simple ideas in the subject-verb-object (SVO) format. Meanwhile, the names of the mind-modules were changed slightly to conform with the wiki-page requirements of the Google Code MindForth project (q.v.), so that any mention of a mind-module, such as InFerence, became a clickable link anywhere on a wiki-page. A new feature of neural inhibition was included in the AI Minds so that any new thought would fade briefly away and let a different thought emerge in the AI consciousness. In late 2011, the independent scholarship in artificial intelligence branched out into the Russian language with the Dushka AI Mind in JavaScript and into the German language with the Wotan AI Mind in Win32Forth or 64-bit iForth for Linux supercomputers. In late 2012, a new feature was added for automated reasoning with the InFerence mind-module -- about which an Amazon Kindle e-book (q.v.) was published on 1 October 2013 with a line-by-line explanation of the Forth code for inference. On 24 November 2013 the Amazon Kindle e-book Artificial Intelligence in German was published as a kind of update to the AI4U book and with the inclusion of the Wotan German AI Forth code -- which made the fractional free preview display almost the entire editorial (non-code) content of the AI-in-German e-book. In summation, eleven years later the AI in AI4U is still going strong not only in English but also in German and in Russian.

About the Author

Arthur T. Murray is an independent scholar in artificial intelligence. A classicist by training with a B.A. degree in Greek and Latin from the University of Washington in Seattle, with AI4U he publishes an original theory of mind based on linguistics and a primitive AI Mind to verify the theory.

More About the Author

Arthur T. Murray studied ancient Latin and Greek classics at the University of Washington in Seattle, at the University of California in Berkeley, and at the Georg-August University in Goettingen, Germany. As a neurotheoretician he devised a linguistic theory of mind and as an independent scholar in free, open-source artificial intelligence (AI) he created AI Minds in English (MindForth), in German (Wotan) and in Russian (Dushka). He wrote Amazon Kindle e-books documenting his work towards a Technological Singularity.

Customer Reviews

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Most Helpful Customer Reviews

36 of 41 people found the following review helpful By Alan F. Grimes on April 13, 2005
Format: Hardcover
There is no polite way to say this. The author is a crackpot. Reading the materials he provides on his website, an astute reader will notice several things. Firstly, this person doesn't know how to design software at all. He also presumes that his reader knows even less than he does. The "AI" he proposes is nothing more than a basic for(;;) loop. (One of the primitive constructs provided by C, C++, Java and their dirivitives...). He is aware of some of the limititations of his design but is unaware of their obvious (to any intermediate-level programmer) work-arounds. Secondly, while he is happy to put lavish names, such as "Sensorium", on empty or nearly empty functions, he seems to be completely oblivious to the real issues a succesful AI mind must address.

He throws about refferances to concepts in the AI and futurist community such as the technological singularity but fails to demonstrate any understanding of what they mean. He claims that his design solves the AI problem when, infact, it hardly does anything at all.

He claims that his system is suitable for use in robotics, yet he has done no orrigional experamentation.

He continues to troll the usenet (sending between 5-7 messages to every AI and transhumanism related newsgroup per month) pushing his book and his lame ideas.. (If his ideas had even a tenth the merit he claims he would be world-famous...)

I am an AI enthuseast myself and hope to, oneday, publish my own work on the subject. (you can find some of my writings on my website). I do not have the audacity to claim that my work is yet worth anything because I have not yet made much progress. In general, you should stay away from all books on AI unless they are based on actual work that has been done in the field. Work, in this case, being either hard research on biological systems or software development efforts that have shown some type of results.
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23 of 26 people found the following review helpful By Jan Wedekind on July 14, 2005
Format: Hardcover
From any decent developer, you would expect something, which would at least compare to Winograd's SHRDLU. For some reason, the book however is failing to show any results of the "software-architecture" being explained in length!

A scientist's moral dictates, that you withdraw your theories, if you have been proven wrong. Arthur T. Murray however doesn't show any inclination to do so. Instead he is still continuously advertising his long ago falsified book in forums and he's claiming to have developed a powerful approach to AI.

I think, I can safely say, that the author is a phoney and he's only trying to sell his book. So take my advice and don't by it (as I did)!
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12 of 13 people found the following review helpful By Robert Jones on November 30, 2006
Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
Murray believes that with the spread of activation

through a network of the correct configuration and

sufficient size you have intelligence and thought.

Not everyone would start from that premise but

probably most connectionist do. While AI4U is

sometimes advertised as a "textbook" it is not

that. An AI textbook should discuss at least the

core AI topics:


pattern recognition

knowledge representation



rule-based systems

neural networks


While AI4U touches on some of these topics it

is not an adequate textbook. Rather it is a

defence of one man's approach to building an

artificial intelligence.

The chapters in this book are too brief and

the discussions too superficial. There also need

to be algorithms provided for each routine in the

code of Appendix A. These could be presented in

pseudocode or as flowcharts for instance.

The biggest problem is the lack of references.

It is just possible that one could write a short

note without finding it necessary to reference the

work of others but it is impossible to write a book

length scholarly work without citing other work in

the field. This is a fatal flaw. Murray should

begin by referencing:

The Structure of Long-term Memory, W. Klimesh,

Lawrence Erlbaum, 1994

Netl, S. E. Fahlman, MIT Press, 1979

Adaptive Information Retrieval, R. K. Belew, U.
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4 of 4 people found the following review helpful By Matt Brown on June 10, 2012
Format: Hardcover Verified Purchase
While Arthur has some good intuitions, I think he takes them too far in the wrong directions. He's proposing an architecture that requires long-term investment and planning, without showing that it will work even on small scales. These types of crackpot ideas are a dime a dozen, especially in the field of General Artificial Intelligence
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