The list author says: "The early twentieth century was a study in contrasts: large corporate interests (much like today's) squared off against small farmers, tradesmen,and retailers. The Railroad was a symbol of corporate greed, and was savaged by Frank Norris in The Octopus. John Dos Passos depicted the greed of the huge corporation (his father was a corporate lawyer who defended trusts) in his USA Trilogy. Theodore Dreiser criticized corporate America in "The Financier" and "The Titan." The "Muckrakers" of the early 20th century, like Ida Tarbell ("The History of the Standard Oil Company") and Upton Sinclair ("The Jungle") focused on the abuses of power by corporate America. Sinclair Lewis...the first American to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature... wrote uncompromisingly candid stories about the lives of small-minded people in small towns: "Babbit", "Main Street," "Dodsworth.""
""The Iron Heel" was a dystopian novel like "1984" and "Animal Farm" with a totalitarian view of the U.S. People of the Abyss was based on London's own experience while down and out, while "John Barleycorn" dealt with alcoholism, which would eventualy kill Jack London at the age of 40."
"His 1885 novel The Rise of Silas Lapham is perhaps his best known, describing the rise and fall of an American entrepreneur of the paint business. His social views were also strongly represented in the novels Annie Kilburn (1888) and A Hazard of New Fortunes (1890). He was particularly outraged by the trials resulting from the Haymarket Riot."