About the Author
Norpoth holds an M.A. and Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Michigan. He has previously taught at the Universities of Texas, Arizona, and Cologne, Germany, as well as in the ECPR summer school on quantitative methods. He regularly assists the New York Times with its Election night analysis and has served as a polling analyst for the Foreign Policy Association.
William G. Jacoby is a Professor in the Department of Political Science at Michigan State University. He is also a Research Scientist at the University of Michigan, where he serves as Director of the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) Summer Training Program in Quantitative Methods of Social Research.Professor Jacoby joined the MSU faculty in 2003. Previously, he held positions at the University of South Carolina, Ohio State University, and the University of Missouri. He received his Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill in 1983.Professor Jacoby's main professional interests are mass political behavior (public opinion, political attitudes, voting behavior) and quantitative methodology (measurement theory, scaling methods, statistical graphics, modern regression). His current research focuses on citizen ideology and belief system organization, value choices and their implications for subsequent political orientations, measuring policy priorities in the American states, the implications of measurement assumptions for statistical models, and graphical strategies for data analysis.Recently, Professor Jacoby has taught courses on public opinion, regression analysis, scaling methods, and statistical graphics.
I am a Professor in the Department of Political Science at Ohio State University. My research and teaching interests include voting behavior, legislative behavior, and research methods, with a focus on survey research methods and scaling techniques.
Philip E. Converse is Robert Cooley Angell Distinguished University Professor of Sociology and Political Science, University of Michigan.