I just finished The Teaching Company's course on ancient Egypt and the instructor mentioned Herodotus many times, so I just had to read this book. His dates are c.484 BCE - c.425 BCE. He traveled to Egypt when he was about 30 and wrote this book upon his return to his home in Greece. It's a very good description of Egyptian civilization- he covers geography, customs, pharoahs, rituals, gods, architecture and more. It's rather impersonal- he seldom mentions any people he meets. If you're interested in ancient Egypt this is one of very few surviving accounts by a foreigner who actually visited there.