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Aristotle and Logical Theory

3 out of 5 stars 1 customer review
ISBN-13: 978-0521311786
ISBN-10: 0521311780
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Book Description

Aristotle was one of the greatest logicians. He not only devised the first system of formal logic, he also raised many fundamental problems in the philosophy of logic. Dr Lear shows how Aristotle's discussion of logical consequence, validity and proof can contribute to topical debates in the philosophy of logic. No background knowledge of Aristotle is assumed.

About the Author

Jonathan Lear is John U. Nef Distinguished Service Professor in the Committee on Social Thought and the Department of Philosophy at the University of Chicago.

Product Details

  • Paperback: 136 pages
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press (March 31, 1986)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0521311780
  • ISBN-13: 978-0521311786
  • Product Dimensions: 5.5 x 0.3 x 8.5 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 6.4 ounces (View shipping rates and policies)
  • Average Customer Review: 3.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (1 customer review)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #3,139,730 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

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Format: Paperback
What follows contains excerpts or paraphrases from John Corcoran's 1984 review in MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS.

In this short book the author argues convincingly that many central issues of modern mathematical logic can be discussed fruitfully in the context of Aristotle's original logical system and that, once this context has been adopted, it will be possible for modern logicians to benefit more directly from Aristotle's own insights and theories. According to this book, the core concept in Aristotle's logical theory is "logical consequence" rather than "logical truth"--thus aligning Aristotle with Alfred Tarski and Alonzo Church and in opposition to Gottlob Frege and Willard Quine. Aristotle's view of deduction (logical reasoning) is seen to be closer to the more modern "natural" view attributed to Stanislaw Jaskowski and to Gerhard Gentzen than to the older "axiomatic" view advocated by Frege and Russell. In addition, the now-standard "countermodels" method of establishing independence (invalidity), which was adopted by Hilbert and opposed by Frege, is seen as an integral feature of Aristotle's methodology. The interpretation of Aristotle used in this work stems from scholarship by Timothy Smiley [J. Philos. Logic 2 (1973), 136-154] and by the reviewer [J. Symbolic Logic 37 (1972), 696-702]. Accordingly, the author disputes the widely accepted interpretation due to Jan Lukasiewicz [Aristotle's syllogistic from the standpoint of modern formal logic, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1951]. The book is derived from the author's doctoral thesis supervised by Saul
Kripke and it is dedicated to Smiley whose views on logic and Aristotle are acknowledged. More specific features of the content of the book have been discussed by Michael Scanlan and the reviewer [Philos. Quart. 32 (1982), 76-86]. Also relevant is an article by Scanlan [Hist. Philos. Logic 4 (1983), 1-8].
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Aristotle and Logical Theory
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