The distribution in England and Wales of 154 different surnames have been plotted by computer. Most of these surnames are ones of special interest to a member of the Guild of One Name Studies who has made a study of it and who has provided the data for the map and comments on the history and distribution for the legend. The names selected for mapping are mostly relatively rare; many of them display some unusual feature in their derivation, origin, history or distribution, such as Cuffe, Pilling and Tiplady. There is also a brief introduction to the use of surname distributions in the study of the genetic structure of human populations.
THE AUTHORS have collaborated in a series of studies that use the geographic distribution of British surnames in models of the genetic structure of the British population. They have also jointly edited a book on BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF HUMAN MIGRATION (Cambridge University Press, 1988) and are preparing another for the same publisher on APPLICATIONS OF BIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY TO HUMAN AFFAIRS.
G.W. LASKER is Professor Emeritus of Anatomy and Adjunct Professor of Anthropology at Wayne State University. He has engaged in field work in China, Mexico, Peru and the United States and is a past president of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists and of the Human Biology Council. His book SURNAMES AND GENETIC STRUCTURE (Cambridge University Press) is a standard work on the subject.
C.G.N. MASCIE-TAYLOR is Lecturer in Biological Anthropology at the University of Cambridge. He has conducted studies of the genetic and ecological determinants of various psychological and biological human traits. His recent research has been of human response to food shortages in the Sudan and in Bangladesh, and also a study of childhood asthma in Britain.