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Bob Greene is an exercise physiologist and certified personal trainer specializing in fitness, metabolism, and weight loss. He holds a master's degree from the University of Arizona and is a member of the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Council on Exercise. For the past seventeen years he has worked with clients and consulted on the design and management of fitness, spa, and sports medicine programs. Bob has been a guest on the Oprah Winfrey Show. He is also a contributing writer and editor for O the Oprah magazine, and writes articles on health and fitness for Oprah.com. Greene is the bestselling author of The Best Life Diet Cookbook, The Best Life Diet, Revised and Updated, The Best Life Diet, The Best Life Diet Daily Journal, The Total Body Makeover, Get With the Program!, The Get With the Program! Daily Journal, The Get With the Program! Guide to Good Eating, and Make the Connection.
Janis Jibrin, M.S., R.D., is the lead nutritionist for thebestlife.com, Bob Greene’s weight loss and fitness website. She is also a contributing editor for Self magazine, the author of The Supermarket Diet and other weight loss books, and freelances for other national magazines. In her private practice, she specializes in weight loss and eating disorders.
The Best Life Guide to Managing Diabetes and Pre-Diabetes
WHEN YOU FIRST FOUND out that you had diabetes or pre-diabetes, you probably experienced a wave of emotions: concern, fear, confusion, maybe even anger. But despite the fact that both are serious conditions, the good news is that there’s a lot you can do to stay healthy and improve your quality of life; there are so many more treatment options and resources at your disposal than just fifteen years ago. This is, in large part, a reaction to the epidemic in this country—about 24 million Americans have been diagnosed with diabetes and another 57 million have pre-diabetes, a precursor of the disease. Though this may not be positive news for us as a country, it’s placed diabetes high on the national health agenda. There are millions of people with these conditions, just like you, who are able to continue living a healthy and fulfilled life.
Always keep in mind that how well you fare after your diagnosis is largely up to you. Diabetes and pre-diabetes are conditions that you can manage well by making some important lifestyle changes. When you take the reins and do what you can to manage these conditions, you can dramatically improve your life. I’ve seen this firsthand—in family members who have diabetes as well as clients I’ve worked with over the years. The Best Life Guide to Managing Diabetes and Pre-Diabetes will map out a clear and practical plan for living your healthiest, happiest, fullest life. Once you know what diabetes and pre-diabetes are, how they affect you, and what you can do to stay healthy, you’ll feel more in control and less afraid.
The Best Life program’s design reflects the three pillars of diabetes management: diet, exercise, and medication. It’s no accident that I’ve listed medication last—diet and exercise are the drivers here. Eat right and move enough, and you won’t need as many drugs. In some cases, you can eliminate the drugs altogether, at least for a few years (diabetes is a progressive disease, so the need for medication usually arises again eventually). If you have pre-diabetes you’re probably not on medication; the Best Life program can completely reverse this condition and prevent diabetes down the road.
Whether you have pre-diabetes or diabetes, the dietary and fitness guidelines in this book will help you bring your blood sugar into the best possible range, with a minimum of highs and lows. If you have diabetes you’ll be using a blood glucose monitor to test your sugar and you’ll be logging (see log on page 335) select blood sugar readings, meals, and bouts of exercise. This log will play a crucial role in your diabetes management—it will help you piece together important patterns that you can use to create an individualized program that fits with your disease and your lifestyle. The response to food and exercise varies from person to person; the log will uncover your unique reactions. For instance, you might note that your blood sugar is usually high after eating bread but not after eating pasta. Or that your blood sugar is in a great range after 30 minutes on the treadmill but a little too low after 40 minutes. Or that the dose of medication taken in the morning seems to send your blood sugar plummeting in the afternoon, which is something you and your doctor can adjust.
Not only will all of these tools help you manage the disease—and in some cases, eliminate it altogether—they will also reduce your risk of some of the serious complications of diabetes, such as heart disease, stroke, eye disease, kidney disease, nerve damage, and sexual problems. If you already have one or more of these complications, following this plan can slow their progression and potentially even reverse them. And you’ll probably find that once you adopt this way of eating and exercising, you’ll be slimmer and healthier than you’ve ever been before.
It doesn’t matter how long you’ve had diabetes or pre-diabetes or how healthy you are right now. This plan works as well for someone who has just been diagnosed as it does for someone who has had diabetes for years and has a number of complications. This is as true of someone who’s sedentary and overweight as of someone who’s out running marathons. No matter how progressed your disease is or what your current health status is, this plan can be tailored to fit your needs and even your tastes. For instance, the diet plan, which is very flexible in terms of calories and types of meals, allows for easy substitutions. Hate broccoli but love zucchini? No problem! And the exercise plan meets you at your current level and helps you move up gradually, with useful, practical tips for increasing your activity at any level, from couch potato to ultimate athlete.
By taking the time to read and understand this book, you’ve already made a huge step toward living a healthier life, and I’m thrilled to guide you on this journey. For nearly three decades, I’ve been focused on helping people make meaningful changes in their lives, including being more active, overhauling their diet, losing weight, and discovering the issues that may be standing in the way of their happiness and well-being. Often the people who seek my help have a variety of ailments, including heart disease, arthritis, high blood pressure, and depression, but I’m seeing more and more people with pre-diabetes and diabetes. And because of their specific needs, I’ve partnered with two leading experts in their respective fields, John J. “Jack” Merendino Jr., M.D., and Janis Jibrin, M.S., R.D., to create a program that provides a multifaceted approach to managing the disease. As an exercise physiologist, I’ll help you safely step up your physical activity. Dr. Merendino will explain the specifics of diabetes and pre-diabetes care. A Yale- and Harvard-trained physician, he was a researcher at the National Institutes of Health before becoming a prominent endocrinologist, and has been caring for people with diabetes and pre-diabetes for more than twenty years. Janis offers a nutrition prescription that is loaded with delicious and tasty foods. She has authored several books and hundreds of magazine articles on healthy eating. She has been the lead nutritionist of www.thebestlife.com for the last few years, and I’ve witnessed her passion for nutrition and the joy she gets from helping people.
Before you get ready to jump in and get started, I want to prepare you: you definitely have to commit to this plan for it to work. If you rise to the challenge, you’ll be rewarded greatly, not only with good control of your diabetes or the reversal of your pre-diabetes, but also with more energy, a trimmer, fitter body, and better overall health. You can look at your diabetes or pre-diabetes diagnosis in one of two ways: as a strike against your health that’s too great to overcome, or as an opportunity to really care for and nurture yourself.
This program isn’t a quick fix. However, the gradual changes you’ll make during the three phases of the plan will ensure long-term success. During each phase, you’ll be given a number of goals to work on. After several weeks of practicing these healthy habits, you’ll be given another set of goals, and so on, until you’re leading a more active life, choosing more nutritious foods, and having consistently better control over your blood sugar. In my experience, the best way to change your diet and exercise habits is to do it gradually—it’s those changes that tend to stick for life. Here’s a quick snapshot of what the three phases look like:
In Phase One, you’ll work on putting the appropriate amount of carbohydrates on your plate. You’ll be getting more exercise, using the Best Life Activity Scale as your guide. And all the while, you’ll be regularly checking your blood sugar if you have diabetes. (Need to lose weight? You should see the pounds start to drop in this phase.)
Four weeks later, you’ll be ready to start Phase Two. At this point, you’ll work on tightening control of your blood sugar even further. You’ll be getting choosier about the carbs you eat; you’ll also get some guidance on the best protein-rich foods and healthful fats to eat at meals and snacks. You’ll use the Hunger Scale, a handy tool that will help you eat when you need to and stop when you should. And finally, many of you will add more physical activity. (Again, for those who need it, your weight should continue to drop.)
Phase Three is about staying healthy for life. Of course, you’ll still be keeping on top of your disease with all the lifestyle habits that have now become second nature, but in this phase you’ll set other aspects of good, lifelong care into place. For instance, you’ll be working on motivation and coping with the emotional side of your condition. You’ll refine your diet even further, not only to keep blood sugar in check, but to combat cancer and other chronic illnesses. You’ll become more confident at the doctor’s office when you read our advice on how to get the most out of your health care.
Throughout the three phases we’ll be filling you in on how medication (if you’re taking any) fits into the picture. For instance, we’ll e...
Bob Greene is an exercise physiologist and certified personal trainer specializing in fitness, metabolism, and weight loss. He has been a guest on The Oprah Winfrey Show. He is also a contributing writer and editor for O, The Oprah Magazine, and writes on health and fitness for Oprah.com. Greene is the bestselling author of Get With the Program!, The Get With the Program! Guide to Good Eating, The Get With the Program! Daily Journal, and The Get With the Program! Guide to Fast Food and Family Restaurants.
I've read a few of Bob Greene's other books, so I thought he'd basically be packaging the same info. I was pleasantly surprised (perhaps because one of his co-authors is a prominent endocrinologist). As a side note, I had insulin-dependent gestational diabetes for three pregnancies, which did not resolve after the last one (so I have type 2). I've kept my HbA1C <6% for the past two years (since diagnosis).
The first chapter does a really good job in explaining HbA1C, blood glucose monitors, and testing. There's a good chart which shows what a HbA1c translates into in terms of average blood glucose. The best part is that Bob acknowledges that testing strips are wicked expensive--and recommends focusing on a different meal each day for testing. Basically, you end up doing two testings per day rather than 5 or 6. So, Day 1 you might do your fasting a.m., and 2 hours after breakfast. Day 2, before and after lunch (2 hours post prandial). Day 3, before dinner and post-prandial. Etc. There's also a great chart on how to interpret your highs and lows (p. 46).
Like Bob's previous books, he believes in small changes. The difference is you won't have a month of getting ready/mental prep type stuff. You have diabetes (or are pre-diabetic)... your body really can't stand another month of sky rocketing blood glucose levels. Still, he starts out gentle. The basic diet plan is a carb controlled...looked at low-GI foods whenever possible. The first 4 weeks, phase one, you're supposed to focus on blood glucose testing (see above), watching carbs, and a gradual increase in exercise.
Food-wise, phase one, we're talking three meals and two or three snacks (depending on your calorie level). There are four calorie levels with corresponding carb levels: 1500 (144 g.Read more ›
The Best Life Guide to Managing Diabetes and Pre-Diabetes by Bob Greene is the latest in many books on diabetes and given the author's affiliation with Oprah Winfrey there is no doubt that this book will be a huge seller, probably even have a lovely life on the best-seller list.
This is unfortunate. In chapter one, the author discusses insulin as a medicine. Insulin is not a medicine. It is a hormone the body naturally produces. For diabetics and pre-diabetics either their pancreas is not producing enough or any insulin or the organs are not properly absorbing the insulin the body is producing which results in high glucose levels. Of course, this could be considered a syntactical oversight and something one could overlook.
In chapter two, the author erroneously suggests that a glucose level of 180 two hours after a meal is acceptable. This was true, once upon a time, but the American Diabetes Association has modified this number and lowered it to 150. If this book were a few years old, such a mistake could, and one could even argue should, be overlooked.
So given that the book is pretty much off to a poorly researched start, in spite of the collaborative efforts of John J Merendino, MD and Janis Jibrin, MS, RD, is there any merit in reading further?
During the chapter on Phase One, Greene (and/or one of his "experts") says that it is safe to exercise unless your glucose level is 300 or higher. According to the American Diabetes Association, it is safe to exercise if your level is 250 or lower. (You can exercise if your glucose levels are lower than 300 but above 250 if you check your ketone levels, something that is not mentioned in the book at all.Read more ›
My wife has T2 diabetes and we have done some research and mostly followed the rules of our doctor and nutritionist when planning our lifestyle with diabetes. When I picked this book up I spent time researching other reviews and authors so I was not going into a critical topic for so many people completely blind. What I found were many different reviews, some raving, others highly critical. The most well thought out and educated reviews tended to be critical. Our own doctor had only heard of the author in passing and did not recommend him. I entered into the text then with a grain of salt but wanting to give it a fair shake.
For the most part this book taught us what our doctor taught us about exercise and diet, though some of the numbers did not match up. For instance, our doctor wants my wife's blood sugar to be 100-110 one hour after eating. The text says a much higher number is acceptable. Other educated reviewers have suggested that this number is not in line with current standards either.
His recommendations to slowly increase physical activity (and thereby making a plan you are more likely to stick with are reasonable and well thought out. Suggestions on how to watch carb intake as well as sugar intake are in line with what our doctor tells us, and his various examples of meal plans are reasonable - many books on diabetes recommend meal plans that are out of the ordinary of what most people will regularly make and eat as part of their diet - they are either too fancy for every meal, or too expensive. This text is much more reasonable in its approach to creating meal plans and isn't far off to what we do.
He also strongly urges patients with diabetes to carefully track and monitor their sugar levels according to their doctors instructions which is a sound recommendation.
Overall, this is okay as a companion book, but there are better texts out there, and never trust in a book over what your doctor tells you to do.
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