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Big Government and Affirmative Action: The Scandalous History of the Small Business Administration Hardcover – August 3, 2001
"The Black Presidency"
Rated by Vanity Fair as one of our most lucid intellectuals writing on race and politics today, this book is a provocative and lively look into the meaning of America's first black presidency. Learn more
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"[Bean] has a love/hate relationship with the SBA, and this tension is visible throughout his meticulously researched monograph."―Business History
"Claims that the SBA did not help truly disadvantaged businesses but its affirmative action programmes benefited politicians in both parties who used it for their own gains."―International Review of Administrative Sciences
"His careful analysis, his all-encompassing bibliography, and his inclusive endnotes make this the definitive monograph."―Journal of American History
"The first full-length academic assessment of the agency. At once a powerful argument for killing off the agency and a shrewd analysis for the political impulses that make its termination nearly impossible."―Wall Street Journal
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Top Customer Reviews
Jonathan Bean pulls no punches in this nonpartisan look at an agency notorious for corruption. Republicans, he explains, have supported the Small Business Administration to deflect criticism that they are beholden to "big" business, whereas Democrats have supported it to show that they are not "anti-business."
"Bean has done a model job in producing a smoothly written and often amusing policy history, and the University Press of Kentucky has done excellent work in editing and publishing it."
Real changes occurred in the 1960's when the race riots began to break out throughout the country. Many politicians believed that the riots were the result of the disadvantaged inner city minority populations who were unable to access credit to build their own businesses. As a response, many civil rights leaders and politicians backed efforts for affirmative action in lending in the SBA to offset the anger portrayed in the city riots. This also began Nixon's campaign of "black capitalism" advocated in the late sixties/early seventies where they were going to use the SBA to establish quotas through lending to minority businesses. Although racial preferences were established in the 1960's in what was supposed to be a colorblind agency, the policies of the 1970's officially ended the colorblind practice and helped establish affirmative action within government.Read more ›