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21 of 27 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars How Philology proves the proto-Sinaitic root of Archaic Greek
"This is an earth breaking, thought provoking, and exciting book. It has been and will continue to be controversial,..., while scholars in the various relevant fields may view Bernal as an outsider or an interloper, they cannot easily dismiss him as a crank or a crackpot, since he has adopted the methods of the various disciplines..." - Thomas Patterson...
Published on January 16, 2009 by Didaskalex

versus
1.0 out of 5 stars Total crap book!
Total crap book !!!

This happens when someone like Bernal has NO linguistic background at all and is a Sinologist ?!?!?!?!!?
Published 2 months ago by Alexandros Giatimis


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21 of 27 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars How Philology proves the proto-Sinaitic root of Archaic Greek, January 16, 2009
By 
Didaskalex "Eusebius Alexandrinus" (Kellia on Calvary, Carolinas, USA) - See all my reviews
(VINE VOICE)   
This review is from: Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization: The Linguistic Evidence, Vol. 3 (Hardcover)
"This is an earth breaking, thought provoking, and exciting book. It has been and will continue to be controversial,..., while scholars in the various relevant fields may view Bernal as an outsider or an interloper, they cannot easily dismiss him as a crank or a crackpot, since he has adopted the methods of the various disciplines..." - Thomas Patterson

Afrocentric Controversy:
A considerable audience of non specialists were curious about the state of a two decades controversy, concerning Bernal logically defended thesis. He enlists what Greek philosophers and Historians were always rather open about, their reliance on ancient Egyptian civilization in many domains. One could find many parallels and borrowings in mythology which is presented as 'Before Philosophy' by Frankfort, et al. Hellen is represented as having learned medical arts in Egypt, in the Odyssey, is a Classic example. Not only has Bernal's provocative book inflamed passions of right wing Academia, with its rediscovery that Greek culture of speculative arguments, and consequently, the Mediaeval renaissance of Western humanism, was dependant on Ancient Egyptian (dark Afro-Asiatic culture), a glorious human civilization of thirty five centuries, that prompted his critics to publish 'Not Out Of Africa' & 'Black Athena Revisited' (both in 1996), attempting to abort his trial to respond. Most contributors to Not Out of Africa claimed that Bernal's thesis were over emphacized, in many cases unjustified.

Classical Civilization Roots:
Martin Bernal challenged the basis of an informed reply to Voltaire's question, arguing that a classical civilization, deeply rooted in Near Orient's Afro-Asiatic influence has been ignored, suppressed, and many times even denied, to promote a racial superiority myth, described by the American German philosopher Marcuse as 'the concept of a one-dimensional society,' with critical race theory in order to achieve a more robust support of 'Capitalist whiteness'. Cornell's Orientalist Martin Bernal in his audacious scholarly work 'Black Athena' winner of the American Book Award, 1990, and socialist Review book Award, 1987, reinterpreted the roots of classical civilization, contending that ancient Greek culture derived from Egypt, and through Phoenicia, a fact that was confessed by the Greeks themselves, while some nineteenth century European colonial writers promoted Greek civilization as the roots of Western civilization.

Earliest Inscription:
The earliest writing ever, according to scholarly report on the BBC in 1998, could have been discovered in southern Egypt, as confirmed four years later, in Chacago Oriental Institute. The find, hieroglyphics record linen and oil deliveries made over 5,000 years ago, challenges the widely-held belief that the Sumerians of Mesopotamia, were the first to write sometime before 3000 BC. The exact date of Sumerian writing remains in doubt but the new discoveries in upper Egypt have been confidently dated,using carbon isotopes by a reputable German archaeologist to date between 3300 BC and 3200 BC. Ancient Egyptians are thought to have developed writing to develop trade,"It was thought that Sumerians were earlier in writing than Egypt," reported Dr. Gunter Dreyer, director of the German Archaeological Institute in Egypt,"With our findings, we now see it's on the same level and this is an open question: was writing invented here or there? It was possible that Sumerians who traded with Egypt copied their inscriptions," said Dr Dreyer, "But we have to wait for further evidence," he warned that publication of his results would be available later.

Discovery supports Bernal:
Archaeological experts has described the find as, "one of the greatest discoveries in the history of writing and ancient Egyptian civilization," as reported by Professor Kent Weeks, Egyptology professor, the American University, Cairo. Dr. Dreyer and his team have unearthed, at the time, about 300 pieces of clay tablets barely bigger than postage stamps, with written material on, similar to the Sumerian cuniforms. Clay jars and vases also displayed the documentary records of linen and oil delivered to King Scorpion I, as taxes. Most of the hieroglyphics have been deciphered, including short notes, numbers, lists of kings' names and names of ancient institutions. The writings reflect a society that was then far more developed than previously thought, said AUC professor. Thenceforth, Bernal makes the case as he demonstrates the massive association between Egyptian and Greek linguistically; a link that his critics have been far less willing to attack him on. Whatever one concludes, the dominant impression is that the Greeks borrowed many divinities from Egypt, just as Rome borrowed the Greek gods. The particular strength of Bernal's analysis is not simply that he notes how, for instance, Ht Nt may be plausibly linked to Athena, it is that this linking is justified by the associations the words retain in both language.

What do you conclude?
Now, what can one conclude from the fact that the non-Indo-European elements of Greek are phonetically and semantically illuminated by looking for Egyptian roots. Is this proof of physical Egyptian influence? Imagining a parallel cases, could Latin have become so integrated into many other languages if Rome hadn't been there at one time to impose it? Or, can one say that the non-Indo-European element comprises indigenous Greeks. There is plenty of evidence that people living in the Aegean for thousands of years prior to the Greece known as the cradle of civilization, somehow in contact with or influenced by Egypt, or the Pheonicians? No one is yet that sure!
"By crossing the boundaries of established disciplines and mixing evidence that is not usually discussed in the same breath, Bernal has adopted a procedure that is virtually guaranteed to annoy those technicians who resent incursions into their domains by outsiders or the uninitiated" T. Patterson

Martin Bernal:
British born Martin Bernal, Professor Emeritus of Ancient Eastern Mediterranean Studies at Cornell University. Martin, son of Dr. John Bernal, a dazzling thinker and talker, who laid the foundation of molecular biology, and grandson of Sir Alan Gardiner, the eminent Oxford University Egyptologist, and World top Hieroglyphic expert. He is the author of Black Athena: the Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization (1987), which occasioned Black Athena: Ten Years After, ed. Wim M.J. van Binsbergen (Dutch Archaeological and Historical Society, 1997) and Black Athena Writes Back: Martin Bernal Responds to his Critics, ed. David Chioni Moore (Duke University Press, 2001).
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1.0 out of 5 stars Total crap book!, July 15, 2014
This review is from: Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization: The Linguistic Evidence, Vol. 3 (Hardcover)
Total crap book !!!

This happens when someone like Bernal has NO linguistic background at all and is a Sinologist ?!?!?!?!!?
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8 of 18 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Dr. Bernal's Quest Continues, December 24, 2010
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This review is from: Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization: The Linguistic Evidence, Vol. 3 (Hardcover)
Dr. Bernal continues his brilliant analysis of Egyptian-Greek connections during ancient times. Unfortunately, due to the racism and extreme hatred from a select few of European roots who seem to loathe those of African descent, these books are reviewed poorly. No doubt this is primarily due to latent white racism, Eurocentrism, and the inability to deal with evidence which contradicts firmly held beliefs. Much like a religion, Euro-descended persons seem to think that it is their birthright to believe that their ancestors and only their ancestors developed the so-called "wonder of civilization". This is a position much abused throughout history to justify warfare, slavery, subjugation, murder, and even genocide of dark-skinned peoples the world over. Dr. Bernal's work helps to rectify some of these historical wrongs by offering a potential alternative that should be considered rather than dismissed ipso facto. In some ways, the second volume may be considered the weakest of the three with the historiographical aspects of Volume I generally being lauded even by some of the historians who spew so much vitriol at Dr. Bernal and Afrocentrists in general. Volume III is a major contribution to the study of ancient contacts which is still not as widely publicized and consequently also not considered as controversial. Hopefully, over time, humans will be able to shed some of their hateful and racist beliefs so that we can get a truly proper historical analysis of the early connections between Egypt and Europe and these books are a significant part of that overall process.
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11 of 26 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Black Athena Vol. 3, February 11, 2008
This review is from: Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization: The Linguistic Evidence, Vol. 3 (Hardcover)
This book is the third volume in Dr. Bernal's series, and the fourth of his books that covers the topic of Black Athena. Detractors only show their latent or unconscious racial biases, since in this Nobel prize quality literature series, Dr. Bernal's voluminous research categorically validates his premise of the "Afroasiatic roots of classical civilization." We will just have to face the fact that prior to this work, many scholars of this subject matter have erred, or have been outright misleading based on the hidden agenda of European racial superiority. Essentially, Dr. Bernal has rewritten ancient and modern history as related to the undeniables influences of the Hamito-Semitic people on all that we know to be culturally significant.
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7 of 29 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars you cant beat em join em, June 20, 2007
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This review is from: Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization: The Linguistic Evidence, Vol. 3 (Hardcover)
im not going to get detailed i no that the Egyptians were Black and they were the first people on earth point blank the book was like tony the tiger GGGGGGreat
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10 of 42 people found the following review helpful
1.0 out of 5 stars LIES, April 17, 2008
This review is from: Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization: The Linguistic Evidence, Vol. 3 (Hardcover)
One brief example: Aristotle could not possibly have stolen his ideas from the library at Alexandria as claimed, since he died before the library was even built.

But of course fans of this book and its author don't care about the truth.

Point that out and the name-calling begins.
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Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization: The Linguistic Evidence, Vol. 3
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