About the Author
John V. Orth is the William Rand Kenan, Jr. Professor of Law at the University of North Carolina, where he teaches property and legal history. After receiving a law degree and Ph.D. in history from Harvard University, he clerked for the Honorable John J. Gibbons of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. He is the author of more than sixty law review articles and book chapters on constitutional law, property law, and legal history, as well as six books-including The Judicial Power of the United States: The Eleventh Amendment in American History (Oxford University Press, 1987) and Combination and Conspiracy: A Legal History of Trade Unionism 1721-1906 (Oxford University Press, 1991). His publications have been cited by federal and state courts, including the United States Supreme Court and the North Carolina Supreme Court. Professor Orth is the recipient of the University of North Carolina's award for excellence in post-graduate education and the Law School's award for Excellence and Creativity in Teaching.
Paul Martin Newby is a justice of the Supreme Court of North Carolina as well as an adjunct professor of law at Campbell University, where he teaches state constitutional law and appellate practice. Justice Newby earned his undergraduate degree in Public Policy Studies from Duke University and his law degree from the University of North Carolina. Prior to taking the bench in 2004, he practiced law in the private sector with a law firm and as general counsel of a company, then served as an Assistant United States Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina. His teaching experience encompasses courses for the United States Department of Justice, the North Carolina Judicial College, and continuing legal education, including litigation under the North Carolina Constitution. In recognition of his professional service, Justice Newby received the James Iredell Award, the North Carolina Bar Association Citizen Lawyer Award, and an Honorary Doctor of Laws from Southern Wesleyan University.