CHOLODIN contains sources of choline and posphatidylcholine, two of the most common phospholipids. When present in sufficient dietary quantities, these components act as neurotransmitter precursors, which are chemicals manufactured and released by nerve cells that initiate the sending of "messages" from those cells. Occasionally, geriatric dogs and cats display clinical signs unexplainable by a specific pathological diagnosis. Examples include: Lethargy and reduced awareness of surroundings.Poor coat; excessive shedding or thin, dry coat.Chronic constipation or fecal incontinence.Inappropriate urination.Poor appetite; animal eats too little to maintain an adequate body weight.Poor mental acuity. For animals displaying one or more of these conditions, choline supplementation with CHOLODIN may be a very effective aid in treatment. CHOLODIN has four major functions: 1. It is a significant dietary factor in preventing fatty-liver syndrome in diabetic dogs.2. It can donate methyl groups needed to synthesize other compounds. 3. It is necessary for acetyl-choline formation. 4. It is a component of phospolipid and lecithin, and a constituent of plasmalogens, which are abundant in mitochondria and in sphingomyelin, found particularly in the brain. Small Animal Dietary Supplement: Active Ingredient(s): CHOLODIN contains: Phosphatidylcholine (from soy lecithin), choline (as chloride), dl-methionine, inositol, zinc (as oxide), niacinamide, vitamin E, thiamine (mononitrate), riboflavin, pyridoxine (HCl), selenium (sodium selenite), vitamin B12 (cobalamin concentrate), and dexpanthenol. Formulated with a flavor base. Dosage and Administration: Usual Daily Dose: Cats and Small Dogs 1/2-1 tablet 1/4-1/2 teaspoonful Large Dogs 1-2 tablets 1/2-1 teaspoonful The tablets may be fed by hand or crumbled and mixed with food.