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Christ in Egypt: The Horus-Jesus Connection Paperback – February 28, 2009

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Editorial Reviews


Murdock's scholarship is relentless!

My name is Ken Feder. I am an archaeologist, and I play one on TV, as a talking head in various documentaries on the National Geographic Channel, the Discovery Channel, the History Channel, ScFi, BBC Horizon, and, as it turns out, even the Weather Channel. Having conducted research and written extensively over the course of the last thirty years, I think I have developed a good eye for recognizing valuable research that is worthy of serious consideration when I see it. And the research conducted by D.M. Murdock concerning the myth of Jesus Christ is certainly both valuable and worthy of consideration.

Everyone who reads Murdock's Christ in Egypt should understand that the sources she cites are anything but marginal or questionable. In fact, her sources are, at least as far as I can tell, entirely within the Egyptology mainstream and many are, in fact, revered, and deservedly so, within the community of Egyptologists. The fact that these sources are mainstream, highly respected, or even seminal does not, of course, make them right about the origins of the Christ story. However, it does make them, and Murdock's thesis in which she incorporates their work, impossible to dismiss out of hand.

Read her book. Criticize it if you believe it deserves criticism. But to dismiss it or get apoplectic about her thesis simply because it shocks you is plainly foolish. --Kenneth L. Feder, PhD, Frauds, Myths and Mysteries

I find myself in full agreement with Acharya S/D.M. Murdock.

We are in agreement on the thoroughly syncretic character of primitive Christianity, evolving from earlier mythemes and rituals, especially those of Egypt. It is almost as important in Christ in Egypt to argue for an astro-religious origin for the mythemes, and there, too, I agree with the learned author.

I find it undeniable that...many, many of the epic heroes and ancient patriarchs and matriarchs of the Old Testament were personified stars, planets, and constellations.

...for Egyptian influence to have become integral to Israelite religion even from pre-biblical times is only natural given the fact that from 3000 BCE Egypt ruled Canaan. We are not talking about some far-fetched borrowing from an alien cultural sphere.

Murdock ventures that "the creators of the Christ myth did not simply take an already formed story, scratch out the name Osiris or Horus, and replace it with Jesus" (p. 25). But I am pretty much ready to go the whole way and suggest that Jesus is simply Osiris going under a new name, Jesus, "Savior," hitherto an epithet, but made into a name on Jewish soil.

I find myself in full agreement with Acharya S/D.M. Murdock: "we assert that Christianity constitutes Gnosticism historicized and Judaized, likewise representing a synthesis of Egyptian, Jewish and Greek religion and mythology, among others [including Buddhism, via King Asoka's missionaries] from around the 'known world'" (p. 278). "Christianity is largely the product of Egyptian religion being Judaized and historicized" (p. 482). --Robert M. Price, PhD, The Pre-Nicene New Testament

About the Author

D.M. Murdock, also known as "Acharya S," is an independent scholar of comparative religion and mythology, specializing in the ancient astrotheological origins of popular religious systems and beliefs. Her work can be found on her websites, and Acharya's books include The Christ Conspiracy: The Greatest Story Ever Sold; Suns of God: Krishna, Buddha and Christ Unveiled; Who Was Jesus? Fingerprints of The Christ; Christ in Egypt: The Horus-Jesus Connection, The Gospel According to Acharya S, The 2010 Astrotheology Calendar and The 2011 Astrotheology Calendar. Murdock is also the CEO and president of Stellar House Publishing, which also publishes extraordinary works such as Man Made God by mythology scholar and secular writer Barbara G. Walker. Murdock received her education in Classics, Greek Civilization, at Franklin & Marshall College, and is an alumna of the American School of Classical Studies, Athens.
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Product Details

  • Paperback: 592 pages
  • Publisher: Stellar House Publishing, LLC (February 28, 2009)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0979963117
  • ISBN-13: 978-0979963117
  • Product Dimensions: 6 x 1.3 x 9 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 1.9 pounds (View shipping rates and policies)
  • Average Customer Review: 4.4 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (64 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #309,559 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

More About the Author

D.M. Murdock, also known by her pen name, "Acharya S," is the author of several books on comparative religion and mythology, including "The Christ Conspiracy," "Suns of God," "Who Was Jesus?" and "Christ in Egypt." She is also the author of "The Gospel According to Acharya S," which seeks to answer some long-held questions concerning the nature of God, religion and humankind's place in the world.

Murdock is an alumna of Franklin & Marshall College in Lancaster, PA, where she studied Classics, Greek Civilization. She has lived in Greece and is also an alumna of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Greece. Acharya has excavated at Corinth, Greece, where tradition has St. Paul addressing the Corinthians, as well as at a Paleo-Indian site in the U.S. She speaks, reads and/or writes to varying degrees English, French, Spanish, ancient and modern Greek, Latin, German and other languages.

Acharya/Murdock has several websites, including,, and

Customer Reviews

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

75 of 81 people found the following review helpful By Robert M. Price on June 3, 2011
Format: Paperback
Yes, she published her own book. So did Hume. Nuff said.

Some may think to accuse Ms. Murdock of committing the fallacious appeal to authority because she peppers her text with information ascribed to various scholars and includes their professional titles or academic posts. But she is not thereby trying to lend a weight to her thesis which it would not possess on its own. Rather, she is trying to help us place the specialists whose work she is discussing. I am no Egyptologist, so it helps me to know who I am "listening to" here and that it is never just some convenient crank.

This is no doubt the best book by this controversial author. Any and every fault, real or perceived, that one might have detected in "The Christ Conspiracy" was already absent from "Suns of God," and it is hard even to remember them while one is reading "Christ in Egypt." Just so no one will suspect Acharya paid me to puff this thing, I suppose I ought to supply a couple of minor criticisms. My main one is that, as in the case of the great Robert Eisenman, she seems to me to over-document her case, almost to the point that I fear I will lose track of the argument. But, like all good teachers, she periodically pauses to draw the threads together. And of course the danger is implied in the scope of the subject. She quotes a previous scholar concerning this occupational hazard: "Unhappily these demonstrations cannot be made without a wearisome mass of detail" (Gerald Massey, "Ancient Egypt: Light of the World," p. 218, cited p. 313).

The book is more extensive and encompassing than many dissertations I have read, containing over 900 sources and nearly 2,400 citations in several languages, including ancient Egyptian.
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84 of 92 people found the following review helpful By Benjamin D. Steele on March 18, 2009
Format: Paperback
Christ In Egypt is more than 500 pages crammed full of examples and quotations all fully cited. This book follows the same theme as Murdock's earlier books, but it's different in that the author is focusing on just one mythological parallel to Christianity. I've never studied Egyptian religion too deeply, but the way she presents it makes me very curious to learn more. In particular, she has helped me to better understand the importance of the Coptic Christians and the Alexandrian Jews, and this has given me more of the context behind the development of Gnosticism.

If you're not familiar with the authors work, she mostly writes about comparative mythology in terms of Christianity. In particular, she emphasizes astrotheology (related to cultural astronomy, ethnoastronomy, and archeoastronomy) which is a field that is growing in popularity within a certain sector of scholars. If you'd like to learn more before deciding whether you want to buy this book, I'd recommend checking out her website or blog (Truth Be Known). She has some good introductory articles that explain what astrotheology is. Also, she runs a discussion board which is a wealth of information. Specific to this book, excerpts can be found on the Stellar House Publishing website.

You might be familiar with astrotheology from the first part of the movie Zeitgeist, but that movie is only a very basic presentation. So, don't dismiss Murdock's work based on criticisms that you've read about Zeitgeist. Christ In Egypt is partly a response to those criticisms and it's a very thorough response. If you're genuinely interested in this topic, I'd recommend reading the book (which is something many of her critics don't do) and making up your own mind.
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24 of 26 people found the following review helpful By R. Verarde, Ph.D. on July 28, 2010
Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
D. M. Murdock is one of the most interesting maverick scholars writing today. She is challenging the status quo and exposing conspiracies among religious scholars that severely limit free and open inquiry. Make no mistake about it, she is extremely well-informed on all the pertinent issues regarding early Christianity. Evangelicals who try to dismiss her as ill-informed or biased are barking up the wrong tree (nothing new there!).

My complaint about Christ in Egypt is that it is overly long. It over-kills its main point. Moreover, it's main point is an inference that is never really spelled out and examined. The inference is this: there are a multitude of thematic parallels between the Horus and Christ myths; therefore the Christ myth is derivative and thus non-historical. This is a problematic thesis on a couple of levels. First, and foremost, as Murdock herself admits, the Horus myth is nowhere spelled out in a single narrative text, as the gospel of Jesus is. The Horus myth has to be cobbled together from a variety of sources, many of which are pictorial rather than verbal and require interpretation. The type of comparison engaged in is thus between gospel apples and Egyptian oranges.

That doesn't mean it has no value or that Murdock hasn't made some kind of a case for a profound Egyptian influence upon the shaping of Christianity. She has. But the twofold inference that: a) Christianity is derivative and therefore unoriginal, and b) Jesus is a fictional rather than historical figure, has not been sufficiently demonstrated by this work, in my view. Is she arguing direct or indirect influence?
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