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Niall Ferguson is professor of history at Harvard, a fellow of the Hoover Institution and the author of numerous books, most recently Civilization: The West and the Rest and The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World.
Since the advent of "Occupy Wall Street," there has been a tendency to assume that only the Left worries about inequality in America. Charles Murray's Coming Apart shows that conservatives, too, need to be concerned.
This is an immensely important and utterly gripping book. It deserves to be as much talked about as Murray's most controversial work (co-authored with Richard J. Herrnstein), The Bell Curve. Quite unjustly, that book was anathematized as "racist" because it pointed out that, on average, African-Americans had lower IQ scores than white Americans.
No doubt the same politically correct critics will complain about this book, because it is almost entirely devoted to the problem of social polarization within "white America." They will have to ignore one of Coming Apart's most surprising findings: that race is not a significant determinant of social polarization in today's America. It is class that really matters.
Murray meticulously chronicles and measures the emergence of two wholly distinct classes: a new upper class, first identified in The Bell Curve as "the cognitive elite," and a new "lower class," which he is too polite to give a name. And he vividly localizes his argument by imagining two emblematic communities: Belmont, where everyone has at least one college degree, and Fishtown, where no one has any. (Read: Tonyville and Trashtown.)
The key point is that the four great social trends of the past half-century--the decline of marriage, of the work ethic, of respect for the law and of religious observance--have affected Fishtown much more than Belmont. As a consequence, the traditional bonds of civil society have atrophied in Fishtown. And that, Murray concludes, is why people there are so very unhappy--and dysfunctional.
What can be done to reunite these two classes? Murray is dismissive of the standard liberal prescription of higher taxes on the rich and higher spending on the poor. As he points out, there could hardly be a worse moment to try to import the European welfare state, just as that system suffers fiscal collapse in its continent of origin.
What the country needs is not an even larger federal government but a kind of civic Great Awakening--a return to the republic's original foundations of family, vocation, community, and faith.
Coming Apart is a model of rigorous sociological inquiry, yet it is also highly readable. After the chronic incoherence of Occupy Wall Street, it comes as a blessed relief. Every American should read it. Too bad only the cognitive elite will.
Coming Apart is a "Must Read" to understand why our country is becoming more segmented & what the driving forces of change have been from the 1960- 2010. Read morePublished 9 days ago by Martha Rolland
Excellent book. Written by an intellectual who knows how to wright where his words don't get in the way. Makes his points clearly.Published 18 days ago by Richard J. Shokite Jr.
Great read you will never see the world the same way. Helps understand why our society has changed so dramatically.Published 29 days ago by H Walia
This book is generally not about what the title may imply. It is not about a guilt-ridden and self-loathing white majority which celebrates its decline. Read morePublished 1 month ago by The Curmudgeon
Very interesting book and explains a lot where our society is going.Published 1 month ago by RetiredEpi
I thought this was a really entertaining and informative book, although I am aware that Murray is a somewhat controversial author. Read morePublished 1 month ago by Bayard B.
Great analysis of what can be only an unavoidable social problem. Prosperity for all does lead to greater inequality in the 21st century. Read morePublished 2 months ago by Robert Horan