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Niall Ferguson is professor of history at Harvard, a fellow of the Hoover Institution and the author of numerous books, most recently Civilization: The West and the Rest and The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World.
Since the advent of "Occupy Wall Street," there has been a tendency to assume that only the Left worries about inequality in America. Charles Murray's Coming Apart shows that conservatives, too, need to be concerned.
This is an immensely important and utterly gripping book. It deserves to be as much talked about as Murray's most controversial work (co-authored with Richard J. Herrnstein), The Bell Curve. Quite unjustly, that book was anathematized as "racist" because it pointed out that, on average, African-Americans had lower IQ scores than white Americans.
No doubt the same politically correct critics will complain about this book, because it is almost entirely devoted to the problem of social polarization within "white America." They will have to ignore one of Coming Apart's most surprising findings: that race is not a significant determinant of social polarization in today's America. It is class that really matters.
Murray meticulously chronicles and measures the emergence of two wholly distinct classes: a new upper class, first identified in The Bell Curve as "the cognitive elite," and a new "lower class," which he is too polite to give a name. And he vividly localizes his argument by imagining two emblematic communities: Belmont, where everyone has at least one college degree, and Fishtown, where no one has any. (Read: Tonyville and Trashtown.)
The key point is that the four great social trends of the past half-century--the decline of marriage, of the work ethic, of respect for the law and of religious observance--have affected Fishtown much more than Belmont. As a consequence, the traditional bonds of civil society have atrophied in Fishtown. And that, Murray concludes, is why people there are so very unhappy--and dysfunctional.
What can be done to reunite these two classes? Murray is dismissive of the standard liberal prescription of higher taxes on the rich and higher spending on the poor. As he points out, there could hardly be a worse moment to try to import the European welfare state, just as that system suffers fiscal collapse in its continent of origin.
What the country needs is not an even larger federal government but a kind of civic Great Awakening--a return to the republic's original foundations of family, vocation, community, and faith.
Coming Apart is a model of rigorous sociological inquiry, yet it is also highly readable. After the chronic incoherence of Occupy Wall Street, it comes as a blessed relief. Every American should read it. Too bad only the cognitive elite will.
Great analysis of what can be only an unavoidable social problem. Prosperity for all does lead to greater inequality in the 21st century. Read morePublished 9 days ago by Robert Horan
Charles Murray is a pariah among academic social scientists (deservedly), but he makes a lot of important points here regarding the disturbing decline of working class whites, and... Read morePublished 1 month ago by John Smith
I am Belmont....This book follows my life and current neighborhood to a tee. I am from a middle class blue collar background, Catholic, and College educated. Read morePublished 1 month ago by Big Money
Others have given much more detailed reviews, so I'll defer to them. Lots of interesting observations in this book, and an intriguing overall hypothesis. Read morePublished 2 months ago by Josh Orum
Spot on! One of the best analyses of modern America and the threat to cultural stability I've ever read. It's a warning every political stripe should read and heed.Published 2 months ago by WILLIAM R COLLEY
Thinking American citizens should read this book. If you are gainfully employed and have children and are concerned about the direction of American society, you should read this... Read morePublished 3 months ago by C. Panasik
This book had all the informative aspects I was looking for but got bogged down in statistics. Interesting read.Published 3 months ago by ann