"Carole Fink's Defending the Rights of Others is a masterpiece of exhaustive research, engaging narrative, and lucid analysis that revives and reinterprets the long neglected but critically important subject of the campaign by the European powers to afford protection to religious and ethnic minorities within the new states in Eastern Europe that were carved out of the Ottoman, Habsburg, Romanov, and Hohenzollern Empires...this work sets a new standard of scholarship in the field of international history." William R. Keylor, Professor of History and International Relations and Director of the International History Institute, Boston University
"Based on an extraordinary sweep of archives and published materials, this is an original and badly needed survey of a topic rarely explored or even touched on in the history of the 19th and 20th centuries but that is becoming a central issue in the international politics of our time: the role of the world community in the protection of minorities in sovereign states." Gerhard L. Weinberg, Emeritus Professor of History, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
"Professor Fink's latest work makes a major contribution to our historical understanding of the growing need to defend human rights on a transnational scale. This volume is the product not only of her pioneering archival research, but also of the unsurpassed maturity of judgment in this field that she has developed over many years of scholarly concern with its riches and complexities." Michael Biddiss, Professor of Modern European History, University of Reading
"...contributes substantially to our understanding of the practice of official and non-official diplomacy at the Paris Peace Conference and the drafting and implementation of the minority treaties, but also reminds us that internationally sanctioned minority protection emerged in the context of expansionist nationalism. This book will be of particular interest for scholars of diplomatic and modern Jewish history, but is an important read for anyone concerned with theorizing the link between ethnic violence and state formation."
- H-German, Aimee Genell, Department of History, the Graduate Center, City University of New York
"This richly detailed and important book displays impressive scholarship. It deserves a wide readership and should be mandatory reading in advanced courses on Europe, human rights, and diplomacy in the twentieth century."
Holocaust and Genocide Studies
"...the research for this volume is truly impressive....Refreshingly, Fink's impressive study reminds us that good diplomatic history is still a pleasure to read, as well as it has much to teach."
- Jewish History, Frederic Krome
"Fink has identified a significant gap in the historiography, and she deserves applause for wading through a sea of material in several languages in order to fill it." Journal of Modern History David Cesarani, University of London
"Finke's is a truly extraordinary contribution." - Eugene C. Black, Brandeis University
International minority protection, which began in the late 19th century, was aimed at bringing stability to the new and expanded states in Eastern Europe. This first historical study of the sixty-year period between 1878 and 1938 examines the policies of the Great Powers, which devised these arrangements; of Jewish leaders who sought to defend their endangered kindred people; of the fledgling governments, which fiercely resisted outside interference; of the League of Nations, which developed a unique system for minority protection; and of Germany, which between 1919 and 1933 went from a minorities champion to a persecutor and aggressor.