Buy New
  • List Price: $27.95
  • Save: $1.40 (5%)
FREE Shipping on orders over $35.
Only 2 left in stock (more on the way).
Ships from and sold by
Gift-wrap available.
Trade in your item
Get a $5.73
Gift Card.
Have one to sell? Sell on Amazon
Flip to back Flip to front
Listen Playing... Paused   You're listening to a sample of the Audible audio edition.
Learn more
See this image

Educated by Initiative: The Effects of Direct Democracy on Citizens and Political Organizations in the American States Paperback – August 13, 2004

ISBN-13: 978-0472068708 ISBN-10: 0472068709

Buy New
Price: $26.55
9 New from $26.55 13 Used from $17.99
Amazon Price New from Used from
"Please retry"
$26.55 $17.99

Frequently Bought Together

Educated by Initiative: The Effects of Direct Democracy on Citizens and Political Organizations in the American States + Direct Legislation: Voting on Ballot Propositions in the United States + Demanding Choices: Opinion, Voting, and Direct Democracy
Price for all three: $75.91

Buy the selected items together


Save up to 90% on Textbooks
Rent textbooks, buy textbooks, or get up to 80% back when you sell us your books. Shop Now

Product Details

  • Paperback: 252 pages
  • Publisher: University of Michigan Press (August 13, 2004)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0472068709
  • ISBN-13: 978-0472068708
  • Product Dimensions: 9.1 x 5.9 x 0.8 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 13.4 ounces (View shipping rates and policies)
  • Average Customer Review: 4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (1 customer review)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #235,716 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

Editorial Reviews


"Smith and Tolbert make a remarkable contribution to the literature on direct democracy, focusing on the educative rather than the instrumental effects of the initiative and referendum. As such, this book highlights the importance of direct democracy, and provides new information as well as an alternative theoretical structure to examine its role in American political life."
--John Allswang, California State University, Los Angeles

"Smith and Tolbert take the claims made by early American advocates of direct democracy and hold them up to the light of rigorous empirical analysis. In so doing, they weave a rich history of the Progressive Era into sophisticated statistical tests that examine how citizens and political organizations respond to opportunities to participate in policy decisions."
--Todd Donovan, Western Washington University

"The citizen initiative feels good to voters, but in Educated by Initiative, Daniel Smith and Caroline Tolbert demonstrate that it's good for our democracy, too."
--Paul Jacobs, President of Citizens in Charge

More About the Author

Discover books, learn about writers, read author blogs, and more.

Customer Reviews

4.0 out of 5 stars
5 star
4 star
3 star
2 star
1 star
See the customer review
Share your thoughts with other customers

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

0 of 2 people found the following review helpful By Danielle Glover on June 24, 2013
Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
I had to order this book for a MPA course and the book is informative and easy to read especially compared to my other books.
Comment Was this review helpful to you? Yes No Sending feedback...
Thank you for your feedback. If this review is inappropriate, please let us know.
Sorry, we failed to record your vote. Please try again

Customer Images