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Enough: True Measures of Money, Business, and Life Hardcover – November 10, 2008
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Amazon.com Exclusive: William J. Bernstein on Enough
William Bernstein, Ph.D., M.D. is the critically acclaimed author, financial theorist and historian whose books include A Splendid Exchange: How Trade Shaped the World, The Birth of Plenty, The Four Pillars of Investing, and The Intelligent Asset Allocator. Bernstein is frequently quoted in national publications, including The Wall Street Journal, Barron's, Money, and Forbes.
If you are wondering about the cause of the current market crisis, then you haven't been reading enough of Jack Bogle.
Because he certainly knows not only where, but why and how. For decades Jack has been communicating his disquiet in previous books, speeches, and public testimony. Years from now, when historians and investors dissect the economic and market meltdowns of 2008, they'll consult this slim, well-written volume.
In order to understand the intellectual and moral platform from which he surveys the economic wreckage, you need to know a little of his story. Bogle founded one of the world's great investment companies, the Vanguard Group. Most men in his situation would have levered such success into a multi-billion-dollar net worth; instead, he "mutualized" Vanguard, converting it, in effect, into a nonprofit organization whose only goal was to benefit its fund holders. From an ethical perspective, Vanguard is the only "investment company" worthy of that name. (As opposed to most financial firms, which are in fact "marketing companies" whose main purpose is to milk unwitting investors of fees and commissions.)
The answer to the conundrum of 2008 lies in the book’s title, "Enough," which is the punch line from a delightful Kurt Vonnegut/Joseph Heller story. Simply put, our nation has been suffering from decades of unchecked financial excess, for which we are now paying the piper: excess in investment company fees; excess in financial speculation masquerading as diversification and innovation; excess in the salaries of top executives; excess in salesmanship; and most importantly, excess in the role played by the financial industry in our national economy and national life.
Each of these excesses gets its own chapter, and each one is a tightly written gem. Chapters 2 and 3, which dissect out the frenzy of derivatives, structured vehicles, and layers of intermediation behind the recent collapse, alone justify the book's purchase price.
As Bogle states in the book's beginning, in the spring of 2007 the financial services sector--which, after all, produces nothing of substantive value--accounted for one-third of the earnings of the S&P 500. By the time you read this, this outsized influence will have shrunken drastically. Let Enough be your welcome to the brave new world; it will satisfy your curiosity, give you a sense of moral balance in this most materialistic of ages, and even plump up your investment portfolio.
--William J. Bernstein
Written by John C. Bogle–the legendary founder of the Vanguard Mutual Fund–Enough. offers his unparalleled insights on money, the values we should emulate in our business and professional callings, and what we should consider as the true treasures in our lives. Inspired in large measure by the hundreds of lectures Bogle has delivered to professional groups and college students in recent years, this book will help you discover what it really means to have "enough" and how close you are to really having it.
“’What have I created?’ [Bogle] asks in mock horror in his new book…his cry reflects a deeper personal dilemma, one that jags like a scar through this thoughtful meditation on the excess and greed that created the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression. … I applaud his enthusiasm and don’t doubt his wisdom and sincerity. ‘Enough’ – with the period – is a worthy addition to the canon, a variation of his familiar sermon on thrift, simplicity, and the superiority of low-cost index funds.”—James Pressley, Bloomberg News
“Jack Bogle’s passionate cry of Enough. contains a thought-provoking litany of life lessons regarding our individual roles in commerce and society. Employing a seamless mix of personal anecdotes, hard evidence, and all-too-often-underrated subjective admonitions, Bogle challenges each of us to aspire to become better members of our families, our professions, and our communities. Rarely do so few pages provoke so much thought. Read this book.” —David F. Swensen, Chief Investment Officer, Yale University
"We live in a time that values achievement over character. When the two collide, character often takes a back seat and relationships of all kinds are shattered. Bogle observes that while the financial represents the worst of it, what we see today is not just a financial sector problem, but a societal problem. There is really just too much greed everywhere. … Enough is really about discovering what is really important in our lives. " (Michael McKinney, LeadingBlog)
"Bogle is a rarity - a true captain of industry who speaks about complex economic issues in a language comprehensible to the layperson." (Michael Smerconish, The Philadelphia Enquirer)
"Enough shines a light on Bogle's sense of despair over the state of the financial industry, and perhaps industry in general. … From CEOs who implode their companies and float away on golden parachutes, to financial companies who create instruments so complex they themselves have trouble understanding them, to mutual fund companies that market rosy returns while sugarcoating their fees, Bogle sees a lack of integrity and a willingness to play fast and loose with ethical rules in order to make a buck. (Or, maybe more accurate, 150 billion bucks.)" (Justin McHenry, BlogCritics Magazine)
"It's hard to imagine a better time to publish a book that advocates moderation, balance and integrity in the business world. In this wise meditation, Bogle, the folk-hero creator of the first index mutual fund and founder of the Vanguard Mutual Fund Group, deplores ‘our worship of wealth and the growing corruption of our professional ethics but ultimately the subversion of our character and values.’ Directly in his sights: CEOs and hedge-fund managers who draw ‘obscene’ compensation. At this time of plunging portfolios, it is a relief to be told that ‘enough’ is within reach." (TIME Magazine)
"I will simply say that it is one of the best business books ('life' books?) I have ever read, an easy All-time Top 10. And its timing is, well, read it yourself ..."
“This is an impressive message from a distinguished businessman. It will challenge all decision makers to consider the sufficiency and direction of their lives and work. What do we mean by Enough? Enough of what? Enough for what purpose? Feast here and reflect.” —Robert F. Bruner, Dean and Charles C. Abbott Professor of Business Administration, Darden Graduate School of Business
“From one ‘battler’ to another: Thank you for putting in one little book the premise for an active, long life. A primer for those who will abjure complacency and just wanting more, who’d rather focus on the joy of trying to move some ball downfield.” —Ira Millstein, Senior Partner, Weil Gotshal & Manges LLP
“The balances one must create in investing, in running a business, and in life more generally are simply and clearly stated in Jack’s most recent book, Enough. Unfortunately there are not enough Jack Bogles around in today’s world of instant gratification. Enough. should be must reading for business students and corporate board members.” —David L. Sokol, Chairman, MidAmerican Energy Holdings Company
"Although Enough. is presented in a small volume, John Bogle's wisdom is writ large and profound. The messages are particularly meaningful as we all reel from the moral, economic and financial meltdown that confronts us today.—William H. Donaldson, Former Chairman, U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
“[an] engaging, highly readable new book on what went wrong in financial markets in recent years. In the growing canon of "what went wrong" books, Bogle's offering holds a unique place. . . readers will value the common sense packed in these pages.” —Jared Bernstein, Philadelphia Inquirer
Author John Bogle speaks on diversification in his article "Six Lessons for Investors" in the January 8th, 2009 issue of the Wall Street Journal [PDF].
Top Customer Reviews
This book delves into the perfect storm of investing created by costs, speculation, and complexity. It examines the folly of a business paradigm that focuses on the short-term bottom line; where business conduct and management becomes all about the sale, no matter what the cost.
In life we often seem to define our success by the material possessions we have amassed. The "he who dies with the most stuff, wins" philosophy dictates that somehow this will make us a happier person. Jack Bogle puts such a philosophy in perspective by reminding us that being the richest person in the graveyard shouldn't be our goal.
Enough is engaging and thought-provoking, and offers practical insights that extend beyond investing and business into life itself Jack Bogle clearly could have been a billionaire had he founded Vanguard as a for-profit entity. I suspect he must have realized far earlier than I did that there is more meaning to life than the accumulation of money.
Personally, what I can't get ENOUGH of are the insights from Jack Bogle. Simple and obvious though they may be, sometimes life gets too busy to see what is right in front of our faces. And what's right in front of our faces in Enough, is common sense.
America's financial system is clearly broken, and if we are wise and lucky, the next administration will repair it successfully. This book is required reading for anyone involved in the process, and for anyone who cares about the nation's future.
Bogle's credentials in this regard are beyond question: having founded the nation's second-largest mutual fund company, instead of cashing in he "mutualized" it and turned it over to its mutual-fund customers. His astute observations of our financial system, acquired in his half-century at the heart of the country's markets, shine through in every page of tightly written prose.
The book's title itself is premised on the punch line from a delightful Kurt Vonnegut/Joseph Heller story. It then goes on to describe the unchecked excesses in investment company fees, in speculation masquerading as diversification and innovation, in the salaries of top executives, in salesmanship, and most importantly, in the role played by the financial industry in our national economy and national life. Each of these excesses gets its own chapter, and each one is a gem.
This book, with its emphasis on investing simplicity, will pay dividends to the reader's bottom line as well.
Enough already: buy this book. It will reward you philosophically, financially, and morally.
A great gift for all your friends and loved ones.
Lachlan Forrow, MD
Director, Ethics Programs
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Harvard Medical School
A moral shortcoming of today is discussed and compared to the situation 30-60 years ago (when apparently everything was fine!), there is a bit of outrage and a plea to change, and then Bogle steps back and says that not everyone is really that bad, but we still have a problem.
After a few hours of this on audiobook it got a bit old. The ideas are definitely solid and I've liked it overall, but some parts do end up sounding like a rant.
As a man of great success and experience, he provides plenty of insights on how individuals can live a fulfilling and successful life and contribute to a better world from his viewpoint (mainly from a business perspective). His approach is a nice blend of philosophy and pragmatism - with a strong dose of critique.
The only reason for not giving a 5-star rating is due to the constant references to himself, his own proper way of doing things, and the great invention he has "spawned" (his words describing the index fund). He makes reference to many individuals who have inspired him along the way, though most have passed on. This is reasonable, but he gives the impression that he stands alone in his greatness. Despite this observation, his contributions are great and he (and his message) is inspiring.
Most Recent Customer Reviews
A must read for all investors! I love how John shares his story of how Vanguard began. Great golden nuggets in this book.Published 12 days ago by Robert Stubblefield
A lovely book, filled with the wisdom of a wise man - and not just about investing. I gave it to my father for his birthday and he liked it, even though he's read a lot of books on... Read morePublished 1 month ago by Oculus
Good in theory, but a little hard to swallow from someone as rich as Bogle. It's easy to say you have enough for a multi-millionaire like him.Published 3 months ago by P. W. Smith
Excellent! Distilled wisdom on investments and life. Read it until you agree with Jack Bogle about what is important.Published 8 months ago by Harry Thomas
I have 3 of Jack's books (the best being "The little Book of Common Sense Investing") & this one is more of a reflection on his life. Read morePublished 8 months ago by john smith
The author explains and addresses, head-on, the many problems with the financial industry's relationship to regular investors. Read morePublished 10 months ago by Steve Schullo
This is the only financial book you will ever need.
I have 100% of my life saving invested with Vanguard wo I am clearly a believer. Read more