The Old Man and the Sea was written by Hemingway in Cuba in 1951 and published in 1952. "Old Man and the Sea "is one of Hemingway's most famous works, which focus on an old Cuban fisherman and fighting with a giant marlin fish far in the offshore Gulf Stream. This book expressed Hemingway’s depth thought about human bravery and grace under unbearable pressure as the saying: ‘people could be destroyed but never be defeated”, "Old Man and the sea " laid the Hemingway in a prominent position in world literature, for he won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954, also played an important role. After the movie, animation, songs and other works. The classic of one hundred influenced classics, Nobel Prize winner.