Wow, what a great rant against women servants, footmen and shoe shiners. This is the Rush Limbaugh of England in 1725. The maids come from the countryside and they immediately raise their wages, start wearing fancy silk dresses instead of wool. horrors, these women even start affairs with the Master's apprentice, his son, or even the MASTER HIMSELF! This of course wrecks his marriage, family and even his estate at which point she dumps a bastard on him and leaves. All I can say is how horrible those poor rich men are treated by wicked female servants.
Of course he supplies several suggestions for keeping these people in line. I actually think that this pamphlet lead to the development of servants letters of recommendation that were later required to get another position. He's also in a fury concerning what is called blackguards or japanners who seem to be shoe shine men and boys who he believes are all lazy scoundrels, thieves and gamblers. The term blackguards as a pejorative meaning scoundrel must have come from this period. This is a very interesting view of the class beliefs values and practices of the early 1700's by a English gentleman.
Daniel Defoe was a prolific author of both fiction (Robinson Crusoe and Moll Flanders are his best known) and non fiction (history, pamphlets, travel, and articles). In his personal life he was known for switching political sides, pretending to be of modest means while acquiring homes, money and income, and often exaggerating if not lying when it suited him. A interesting read historically for a taste of the times.