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The Evolution of Human Sexuality 1st Edition

4.8 out of 5 stars 13 customer reviews
ISBN-13: 978-0195029079
ISBN-10: 0195029070
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Editorial Reviews

Review


"A classic. I have used it again and again in both senior level classes and graduate seminars."-- Professor Pierre L. Van Den Berghe, University of Washington


About the Author

Donald Symons is at University of California, Santa Barbara.
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Product Details

  • Paperback: 368 pages
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press; 1 edition (February 5, 1981)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0195029070
  • ISBN-13: 978-0195029079
  • Product Dimensions: 8 x 0.8 x 5.3 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 13.6 ounces (View shipping rates and policies)
  • Average Customer Review: 4.8 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (13 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #1,063,053 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

Customer Reviews

Top Customer Reviews

Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
Research over the last three decades in the field which has become known as evolutionary psychology has focussed disproportionately on mating behaviour. Geoffrey Miller (1998) has even argued that it is the theory of sexual selection rather than that of natural selection which guides most research in the field.

This does not result merely from the prurience of researchers. Rather, given that reproductive success is the ultimate currency of natural selection, reproductive behaviour is, along with parental investment, the form of behaviour most directly subject to selective pressures (Miller 2000).

Almost all of this research ultimately traces its ancestry to 'The Evolution of Human Sexuality' by Donald Symons. Indeed, much of it was explicitly designed to test claims and predictions made by Symons.

For example, in his discussion of the age at which women are perceived as most attractive by men, Symons argues that, if human evolutionary history were characterised by fleeting one-off sexual encounters, this would be the age of greatest fertility. However, if men evaluate women for the purposes of more lasting unions, then men should be maximally attracted to women of the highest 'reproductive value' - in other words, those at the beginning of their reproductive careers such that a male is able to monopolise their entire reproductive output (p189). Evidence subsequently collected from sources such as 'lonely heats advertisements' and surveys (e.g. Kenrick and Keefe 1992) confirmed Symons' intuitive impression that it was women of maximal reproductive value who were perceived as most attractive.

Support has even emerged for some of Symons' more speculative hunches.
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Format: Paperback
The great mystery to me when I was growing up was- Why were women and men so different in the way they handled sex? Why the huge differences in their sexual instincts?
In the book "The Evolution of Human Sexuality" these differences are explained in these terms:
If evolution existed, then successful sexual strategies had to be different for men and women.
Women openly acknowledge that they are attracted to men of wealth and power, with age a very distant secondary consideration if power and wealth are not to be had. This makes sense in terms of the fact that resources would have been available to raise her kids.
Another example: A man who wed a middle aged wealthy woman would have been a genetic dead end because the fertility of human females declines very rapidly after the age of 30-35. Youth, beauty (the appearance of health), and some assurance of fidelity (in wife material) was critical if his resources were to be committed to a woman. With one night stands, men can be far, far less picky.
The two sexes could not have evolved the same reproductive strategies. Success for one sex would have meant genetic oblivion for the other!
The offspring that survive would tend to have the same instincts of those humans who reproduced successfully. The patterns outlined in this great book can also be seen all thoughout the animal kingdom as well as in all peoples in all times.
You will understand what is going on with women and men after reading this book- it will not be that easy to discuss this with members of the opposit sex, however. This is a book for people who want to understand reality- not political correctness!
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By A Customer on August 21, 2001
Format: Paperback
It's hard to believe this book is over twenty years old, so little has it dated. One of the very best of its genre. Current writers of thick easy paperbacks on the subject of human evolution have not matched this book for scholarship, relevance, or modest wit. Sprinkled with nicely chosen literary references that not only satisfy literary readers, but serve as an important and neglected source of data on human sexuality. Professional readers will have professional disputes and quibbles, but the average woman or man interested in their most basic interests will find this surprisingly readable academic book a revelation.
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Format: Paperback
In his Preface to “The Evolution of Human Sexuality” Donald Symons writes, “my discussion of sex differences in sexuality is not intended to have social policy implications.”

I suspect Professor Symons wrote that to stay on the invite lists of faculty dinner parties at the University of California, Santa Barbara where he taught. An additional concession to political correctness appears in Chapter Two, “Evolution and Human Nature,” where he writes, “It is generally agreed that insufficient time has elapsed since the invention of agriculture 10,000 years ago for significant changes to have occurred in human gene pools.”

In “The 10,000 Year Explosion: How Civilization Accelerated Human Evolution,” University of Utah professors Gregory Cochran and Henry Harpending present a convincing argument to the contrary.
http://www.amazon.com/The-000-Year-Explosion-Civilization/dp/0465020429

Symons goes on to write, “Certainly there is no evidence that living hunter/gatherer peoples – whose ancestors presumably were all hunter/gatherers – are less well adapted genetically to agricultural or to modern technological societies than are peoples whose ancestors lived in such societies since their inception.”

The evidence is dangerous to list, so I won’t.

Fortunately, most of the book does not read like that. The Evolution of Human Sexuality is an important contribution to sociobiology. Sociobiology is the scientific study of the biological foundations for animal and particularly human behavior. Sociobiology assumes that human nature exists, and that while it is flexible, it is not infinitely malleable.

Symons’ main argument is that the sexuality of human males and females is fundamentally different.
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