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First Contact: Scientific Breakthroughs in the Hunt for Life Beyond Earth Hardcover – April 5, 2011

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Product Details

  • Hardcover: 224 pages
  • Publisher: Simon & Schuster (April 5, 2011)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1439109001
  • ISBN-13: 978-1439109007
  • Product Dimensions: 9.5 x 6.4 x 0.9 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 14.1 ounces
  • Average Customer Review: 4.7 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (15 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #271,217 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

Editorial Reviews

From Publishers Weekly

In this century, predicts Kaufman, scientists will find evidence of life somewhere in the universe. It's an arresting idea, and Kaufman delivers an entertaining look at the science supporting it. Astrobiologists, who study the possible forms that extraterrestrial life may take, are "part Carl Sagan, part Indiana Jones, part Watson and Crick, part CSI," Kaufman notes. Their interdisciplinary work requires interlocking knowledge of physics, astrophysics, biology, chemistry, and planetary geology. Microbes we've found living in extreme habitats once believed to be inhospitable to life—glaciers, geysers, deep mines and caves, and volcanoes— prove that we must expand our ideas about what makes something "alive." So the only reason we haven't found life on other planets or moons before, Kaufman says, is that we haven't known what to look for. Carbon-based life is possible elsewhere, either seeded by meteorites made of organic carbon or created by vibrant lightning-fed chemistry, but extraterrestrial life is more likely to be very different from us. Taking readers from the South Pole to the northernmost tip of Norway, from the world's deepest mines to Mars, Kaufman explores the science that may change the human perspective more than anything that came before. 8 pages of color photos. (Apr.)
(c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.


“An up-to-the-minute look at the frontiers of the search for life outside Earth… Kaufman provides an invaluable summary of the current state of research into extraterrestrial life. An excellent preview of what may be the next big scientific breakthrough.”
Kirkus Reviews (starred)

“Marc Kaufman traveled to the ends of the Earth to report this fascinating, awe-inspiring, and accessible book. Are we alone in the universe? Almost certainly not. Kaufman leaves the reader with a lucid sense of what we know and where the next wave of discovery will take place.”
—Steve Coll, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and author of Ghost Wars

“In First Contact, journalist Marc Kaufman reveals how the extremes of life on Earth illuminate our search for life in the universe. Along the way, Kaufman invokes crisp, clear, and engaging narrative that, at times, leaves you to think you were conducting the research yourself.”
—Neil deGrasse Tyson, Astrophysicist, American Museum of Natural History and author of The Pluto Files

“The search for life beyond Earth has now become the big scientific quest of our age. Kaufman skillfully weaves personal narrative and technical exposition to guide the reader through the challenges, both scientific and philosophical, that confront astrobiological researchers. An immensely readable book, infused with the thrill of the chase.”
—Paul Davies, author of The Eerie Silence and The Goldilocks Enigma

“Writing with cinematic clarity, Marc Kaufman provides a masterful, gripping tour along the frontiers of the search for extraterrestrial life and shows how this quest is inextricably linked with the struggle to understand life on Earth. As he transports readers from the parboiled netherworld of a South African platinum mine to Earth’s coldest, driest extremes, from an Alaskan volcano crackling with energy to microscopic Martian landscapes and ultimately to the ends of the cosmos, Kaufman brings into vivid focus the triumphs and frustrations of scientists as fascinating as the bizarre life forms they study.”
—Kathy Sawyer, author of The Rock from Mars

“Marc Kaufman brings to life the broad and increasingly successful effort by scientists to find signs of life beyond Earth. It's an exciting read about a scientific venture that will no doubt surprise and intrigue many people—especially when he takes us to incredibly exotic locations. Space, it seems, is the next frontier not only for exploration, but quite likely for learning about life as well.”
—Elon Musk, founder and CEO of SpaceX and Tesla Motors

“Marc Kaufman, a world-class reporter whose writing is clear and clean, is just the right author for First Contact. I found this book as thrilling as it is illuminating, as he takes us around the Earth and off into space in search of the beginnings of life here and probably elsewhere.”
—David Maraniss, author of They Marched into Sunlight and When Pride Still Mattered

"Fascinating . . . While genuine alien life, in any form, has yet to reveal itself, Kaufman’s tantalizing tour of the research that could achieve this breakthrough makes engrossing reading."

“With a child’s curiosity and a reporter’s skill, Kaufman delivers a concise, thorough, and utterly fascinating summary of the search for life elsewhere in the universe—and what it means for life on Earth. If you’ve ever wondered about life beyond Earth, let Marc Kaufman introduce you to the men and women who are searching for it. His explanations will make the night sky seem more vivid and the very life around you seem more improbable and precious.”
—Susan West, former executive editor of Smithsonian

“The range of this new field of astrobiology is exhilarating, and even though scientists are still learning how to sort out the hard science from the understandably infectious enthusiasm, getting to ride along with Kaufman is an expansive joy.” --The Washington Post

More About the Author

To report "First Contact," I spent more than two years traveling the globe to meet and learn from the scientists at the cutting edge of the search for life beyond Earth. The world of ET had not been a major interest of mine over the years (though I certainly am a fan of "2001: A Space Odyssey") but I was pulled in during a science-religion fellowship, and had come to see the search as far more than a curiosity. In fact, I came to see the worldwide effort to learn extraterrestrial life as a kind of stealth Apollo program -- massive in scope yet hidden in plain view. As a reporter and editor for more than 30 years, mostly at The Washington Post and The Philadelphia Inquirer, I've been primed to jump on the big story, and that's what I saw in astrobiology. I am now a science writer and national editor at The Post, but I believe my years working as a foreign correspondent trained me best to write this book. Why? My task was again to learn and understand new languages and cultures, only this time of a scientific nature. I also needed to find the individuals who might best bring the work and the story to life, and then to translate their research for those without their depth of training and experience. It was the education of a lifetime for me, and hopefully will be eye-opening and compelling for you.

Customer Reviews

4.7 out of 5 stars
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See all 15 customer reviews
My recommendation: buy this book and share it with your friends.
A. Peabody
Conclusion If you read First Contact with an open mind, you will enjoy, better yet relish a journey about man's need to find out that he is not alone in the universe.
Richad of Connecticut
In conclusion, this is truly a fascinating book about the hunt for life beyond Earth.
Stephen Pletko

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

Format: Hardcover
First Contact is a sophisticated and thoughtful examination of the possibility and in the author's opinion probability of finding intelligent life forms on planets other than our own. It is clear that the author is not shooting from the hip and has done an exhaustive survey of where we are in the search. A perusal of his other sources will reveal hundreds of books that thoroughly cover the topic.

If you were a child of the 50's and the 60's, this subject used to be covered under flying saucers and UFO's. In the 80's and 90's we moved towards concepts like the x-Files and Roswell, New Mexico. We have now entered the realm of serious science with serious funding trying to bring home the bacon in terms of being the first to prove the existence of alien life-forms. A generation ago, a serious scholar would be marginalized for working in this field. Today it is acceptable. Astrobiologists, a relatively new term are bending over backwards processing the reams of information coming in from space probes and new experiments in a rush to conclude if in fact we are alone.

Author Marc Kaufman has given us nine page turning chapters chock full of information that you simply will not find anywhere else. Even the chapter titles give you a good idea of what this book is about.
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4 of 4 people found the following review helpful By A. Peabody on April 26, 2011
Format: Hardcover
As a child of the 20th Century, I remember our voyages into space as the adventure of a lifetime. Now Marc Kaufman has done an excellent job pointing us way beyond the orbital flights and trips to the moon with his thorough analysis and exciting description of the science behind the near-certainty that we are not alone in the Universe. The very first sentence affirms that "...before the end of this century, and perhaps much sooner than that, scientists will determine that life exists elsewhere in the Universe." This will, as Kaufman says be The Biggest Discovery of Them All.

But the book is much more than an enthusiast's proclamation of what will soon be learned. It is a deep analysis of the reasons scientists are increasingly sure that life beyond Earth will be found, from the presence of life under extreme conditions throughout the Earth to the ubiquity of chemical precursors in and beyond our Galaxy to the ever-increasing number of planets now being discovered around other suns.

The latest developments in SETI and Astrobiology are explained in layman's terms without sacrificing accuracy, and a believable scenario for a possible first contact is described. An extensive bibliography and index will help you find your way around in the subject and guide your further study.

My recommendation: buy this book and share it with your friends.
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1 of 1 people found the following review helpful By Jaylia3 TOP 1000 REVIEWERVINE VOICE on May 31, 2011
Format: Hardcover
Author Mark Kaufman believes that before the end of the century, maybe well before, scientists will have determined that life exists elsewhere in the universe, and his book makes a fascinating and compelling case for it. Before they can do that however, scientists will have to determine exactly what life is, a question that is surprisingly hard to answer because it is not always clear what is alive and what is not. One example is the case of desert varnish, an extremely slow growing patina found on desert rocks that may be showing properties of life. Or maybe not, that's still being researched.

The more scientists learn about life on Earth, the stranger it seems. It used to be taken as scientific gospel that all forms of life reproduce regularly, need an energy source, and depend on having an environment that isn't exceedingly hot, cold, acidic, alkaline, or salty, and isn't under crushingly high pressure or full of radiation, but living things have been found in all of these circumstances. Extremophile life forms manage just fine in scalding hot hydrothermal ocean vents, highly acidic rivers, arsenic filled lakes, glacial ice, clouds high in the sky, and rocks that are miles underground. Finding life in these almost other worldly places may mean life can exist in other harsh seeming environments, like under the Martian surface or in the icy oceans of Jupiter's moon Europa.

It turns out that Mars was much more habitable than Earth in the long ago days when the Earth was recovering from a collision with another planet that broke off what is now our moon.
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1 of 1 people found the following review helpful By Michael Chorost on May 12, 2011
Format: Hardcover Verified Purchase
Astrobiology is such a new and fast-growing field that every book one reads about it can illuminate one's understanding in a new way. In "The Eerie Silence," Paul Davies writes brilliantly about just how strange extraterrestrial biology could be. In "What is Life?" Ed Regis makes the case that the key element of life is metabolism and discusses efforts to create it synthetically.

And in "First Contact," Marc Kaufman offers a rich and satisfying discussion of the ambiguity of the Viking lander's results when it ran a suite of tests to look for life in Martian soil. And he makes a fascinating case for the argument that it actually did find life.

Kaufman writes about Gil Levin, the scientist who designed an experiment that scooped up Martian soil, squirted nutrients into it that had been labeled with radioactive carbon-14, and waited to see if gases were emitted that carried that radioactive label.

If labeled gases were emitted, it would suggest that some microbe had eaten the nutrient and emitted a waste product. And in fact, that was exactly what was detected: a surge of radioactive carbon dioxide. As a control, the soil was then baked to high temperatures in an effort to kill off anything that might be living, and then the nutrients were added again. This time, no carbon dioxide appeared. It looked very much like a confirmation. Something in the soil had been alive, now it wasn't.

However, other tests carried on Viking, such as one for organic molecules, were negative. Faced with these conflicting results, a consensus formed that Levin's results had to be from some chemical rather than biological process. But ever since, Levin has been arguing that these other tests were flawed.
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