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Gettysburg: The Last Invasion (Vintage Civil War Library) Paperback – February 11, 2014

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Product Details

  • Series: Vintage Civil War Library
  • Paperback: 672 pages
  • Publisher: Vintage; Reprint edition (February 11, 2014)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0307740692
  • ISBN-13: 978-0307740694
  • Product Dimensions: 5.2 x 1.3 x 8 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 1.3 pounds (View shipping rates and policies)
  • Average Customer Review: 4.5 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (396 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #29,056 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

Editorial Reviews

From Booklist

*Starred Review* Few battles provoke debate like Gettysburg, whose bibliography exceeds 6,000 items. One more won’t settle the what-ifs, but Guelzo’s entry identifies key controversies, trenchantly advocates its interpretations, and rests on a sensible foundation, the confusion of a Civil War battle. A noisome cacophony opaque with smoke, the Gettysburg battlefield allowed officers and soldiers only fragmentary glimpses of the action, limiting their situational awareness to their immediate surroundings. Wary, moreover, of postwar memoirists’ tendencies to justify themselves or fault others, Guelzo constructs his Gettysburg as much as possible from contemporaneous sources like orders, reports, and letters. His result reads like the battle might have been experienced, as an episodic series of terrifying minibattles directed by colonels and fought by regiments, whose clashes guided the outcome more than anything done by the respective army commanders on the scene. Rather dismissive of Union general Meade, Guelzo derogates Confederate general Lee less for his decisions at Gettysburg than for failing to strategically arrange a defensive battle and falling into the offensive one that developed. A political historian of the Civil War (Lincoln and Douglas, 2008), Guelzo demonstrates versatile historical skill in this superior treatment of Gettysburg. --Gilbert Taylor --This text refers to the Hardcover edition.


Praise for Allen C. Guelzo's Gettysburg

“Graphic and emotionally affecting . . . an extraordinarily detailed and realistic account.”
The New York Times Book Review
“This is a masterful battle study, masterfully told. . . . Engaging. . . . Guelzo’s narrative is enlivened by frequent use of accounts by battle participants, observers and Gettysburg civilians, and his descriptions sometimes rise almost to lyricism.”
The Seattle Times
“[A] rich, original work. . . . Guelzo’s book enlarges the conventional battle narrative. . . . It’s his expansive, rolling storytelling that makes this book so engrossing and sets Guelzo’s Gettysburg apart from the many others. . . . Through those pages runs a thoroughly readable description of every hour of those three hellish days, in enough detail to satisfy the keenest student of tactics and courage. Some good battle histories are crackling accounts of tactical moves and soldiers’ memories, stepping along as jauntily as a Sousa march. This one proceeds more like a stately symphony, solemn but enlivened by surprise digressions and meditations, taking its time, building to a finish that is familiar to all, yet seldom conducted so eloquently.”
The Washington Post
“This is the finest single-volume account available. . . . There is a timeless quality to Gettysburg that makes it special.”
The Wilson Quarterly

“Among the finest campaign studies of our generation. [Gettysburg] earns this distinction with smart and vivid writing, innovative organization, and insightful analysis that manages to synthesize the Gettysburg story in a way that will appeal to the literate novice and the seasoned Civil War history reader alike.”
The Civil War Monitor

“Detailed . . . accessible. . . . Civil War buff and newcomer alike will find plenty to keep them interested. . . . [Guelzo’s] conclusions balance conventional wisdom with unbiased clarification and analysis.”
The Christian Science Monitor

“Wonderful . . . Guelzo’s book is an extremely timely reminder that the American experiment has not been, as the Founders asserted, a ‘self-evident truth’ but in fact a highly debatable proposition that needed to be proved, not just in July 1863 at Gettysburg but on many days and in many places since.”
The Wall Street Journal

“Wonderfully readable . . . [Gettysburg] marries scholarly rigor to a sense of narrative that rivals that of a novel.”
The Daily Beast

“A stylish, comprehensive, and entertaining narrative . . . [Guelzo’s] account is not a typical tick-tock of troop movements; the pages are soaked in rich language and vivid character studies . . . Guelzo knows the power of the telling detail.”
MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History

“In this consistently riveting book, Allen Guelzo makes us feel that we are hearing the epic story of the Civil War’s most famous battle for the first time. . . . This is, simply, the best book about Gettysburg that has yet been written. It is hard, if not impossible, to imagine that there will ever be a better one.”
—Fergus M. Bordewich, author of America’s Great Debate

“What is there left to say about Gettysburg? In Allen Guelzo’s deft, scholarly hands, plenty. Gettysburg: The Last Invasion is fresh, fascinating, and compellingly provocative. It is a marvelous book that deserves to be read and savored. And it deserves to be on the bookshelf of all Civil War buffs.”
—Jay Winik, author of April 1865

“An extraordinary work of thorough scholarship combined with a lifetime of judgment about historic events. . . . Everyone interested in the decisive moment in Freedom’s struggle should read Guelzo’s simply extraordinary book.”
—Newt Gingrich, former Speaker of the House and coauthor of Gettysburg: A Novel of the Civil War

“Despite all that has been written about the battle of Gettysburg, Allen Guelzo provides new information and insights in this stirring account. . . . Readers will find much to think about in this book.”
—James M. McPherson, Pulitzer Prize-winning author of Battle Cry of Freedom

“Guelzo has composed a narrative that is detailed and compelling on a human level but easy to follow on an operational and tactical one . . . A triumph of source use and presentation, engaging enough for the general reader but rigorous enough for the scholar.”
Library Journal

“Guelzo’s entry identifies key controversies, trenchantly advocates its interpretations, and rests on a sensible foundation, the confusion of a Civil War battle . . . [Gettysburg] reads like the battle might have been experienced . . . Guelzo demonstrates versatile historical skill in this superior treatment of Gettysburg.”
Booklist, starred review

“Stirring . . . robust, memorable reading that will appeal to Civil War Buffs, professional historians and general readers alike.”
Kirkus Reviews, starred review

“Graceful . . . [Guelzo] gets up close and personal with soldiers and officers, providing a previously unseen level of intimacy with those who strategized and fought the battle . . . This exacting account of ‘the last invasion’ may well go down as the last word on the subject.”
Publishers Weekly

Customer Reviews

What a wonderful book Allen C. Guelzo has written about The Battle of Gettysburg!
Michael B. Crutcher
While the book does not go into great tactical detail there is enough there for a general survey and what is there is powerful and insightful.
John H. Clark III
Just over a year ago we moved near Gettysburg, and so I started reading books about the great battle.
Dr. John K. Smith

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

173 of 196 people found the following review helpful By Kerry Walters VINE VOICE on May 14, 2013
Format: Hardcover Verified Purchase
Such predictions are risky, but it's hard to imagine that Guelzo's book won't be the definitive treatment of the Gettysburg battle for years to come. I've lived in Gettysburg for nearly thirty years, and I've read my share of books on the battle. But I've never come across one that is as detailed without being tiresome as this one, largely due to Guelzo's talents as a stylist. Even for one more interested (as I am) in the social than in the military history of the Civil War, this study is riveting. A first rate effort.
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51 of 56 people found the following review helpful By MHG 712 on July 1, 2013
Format: Hardcover
No book about Gettysburg can be completely original but there are some interesting slants here. The author does a nice job of linking the political divisions within the Army of the Potomac with the poor coordination and performance of the Federal generals. For instance, Meade, the newly appointed commanding general of the Federal army, was hardly enthusiastic about the selection of Gettysburg as the decisive battleground. Much of his discomfort stemmed from the fact that Reynolds, a political rival, had committed his corps to the battle at the outset as the first Federal infantry corps on the scene. Meade had actually contemplated a withdrawal after the first day even though the Union held much of the high ground. The author dispels some myths about the effectiveness of civil war muskets versus the bayonet which actually did more damage. As for the Confederates, the author does not spare his criticism of Lee which is refreshing. Although Lee had lost his best battlefield general, Stonewall Jackson, prior to Gettysburg, he never adjusted his custom of giving broad and discretionary orders to his corps commanders even though they were hardly Jackson to put it mildly. Although there are quibbles about the writing style, the major deficiency of the book concerns the maps. The maps often do not coordinate with the battle time line being described and they are not detailed sufficiently. It is very frustrating to be reading about battles being fought with the landmarks but the maps are not in the correct scale to show what is being described. With the ability to generate very accurate maps with computer graphics, it is baffling that the maps in the book do not appear to take advantage of new technology.
In light of this book, I have reread the excellent Sears' account of approximately 10 years ago. If you have not read either book, go with Sears first. His writing style is much easier to follow and the maps are far better.
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39 of 43 people found the following review helpful By John H. Clark III on May 28, 2013
Format: Kindle Edition
I was torn over purchasing this book inasmuch as I thought that the last thing I needed was another general treatment of the Gettysburg Campaign. Nevertheless, I ended up buying "Gettysburg: The Last Invasion," and started reading it dutifully until, realizing the great book I had in my hands, I enthusiastically devoured it in a day or so.

While the book doesn't really break much new ground insofar as the Gettysburg campaign and battle are concerned, Prof Guelzo nevertheless approaches the subject from a slightly different perspective compared to many other historians. Thus, I was intrigued by his presentation of the Army of the Potomac's internal politics and how he demonstrated that the battles between the pro and anti McClellan camps were concurrently (and perhaps primarily) those between conservative Democrats and Abolitionists. I also enjoyed how Prof Guelzo presented the internal politics of the Army of Northern Virginia as revolving around a (perceived?) bias towards Virginians and those who were "politically correct" toward secession (that is, enthusiastically in favor of it). I also appreciated how the issue of slavery and the experience (and plight) of free blacks in the path of the invasion was a thread interwoven throughout the narrative. In addition, I thought the biographical vignettes of the major players, being both bitingly provocative and perceptive, were a particular highlight.

With regard to the battle itself, I thought the way Prof Guelzo laid out the battle in his presentation was both accurate and coherent. While the book does not go into great tactical detail there is enough there for a general survey and what is there is powerful and insightful.
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124 of 148 people found the following review helpful By James W. Durney TOP 1000 REVIEWERVINE VOICE on June 9, 2013
Format: Hardcover
For General Meade victory at Gettysburg did not bring accolades. Daniel Sickles, Daniel Butterfield, Abner Doubleday initiated a campaign of rumors and outright lies to discredit him. Their major supporter was the Joint Congressional Committee on the Conduct of the War. Wasting time and smearing Meade were the major results of this campaign. Sickles made a preemptive strike to deflect questions about advancing his Corps on the second day. Meade's removal or replacement of Butterfield and Doubleday caused them to seek revenge. The JCCCW wanted a good Republican and strong abolitionist commanding the Army of the Potomac. George Gordon Meade a professional solider that did not understand and refused to participate in politics was an easy target. Even with these advantages, they were unable to land any telling blows. They did manage to muddy the waters by creating a number of stories questioning Meade's conduct. Most historians discount the stories and the records do not support them.

150 years later, Allen C. Guelzo accepts the Sickles, Butterfield account as gospel. This book is an account of the Gettysburg Campaign that the anti-Meade faction would love. Every discredited story from Mine Run to the Staff Meeting is here. The idea that Meade was dragged kicking and screaming into battle is the heart of the book.
If this were only a rehash of the Sickles/Butterfield story, we could ignore the book. However, there are some excellent discussions here. The author's expiation of time keeping in 1865 and the reasons for liner tactics are excellent. An excellent writing style coupled with a confident prose will convince many this is the true story of the campaign.

The first hint of problems occurs on pages 28-29.
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