The list author says: "The Soviet Gulags, a system for genocide consisting of concentration camps, held about 1.5 million deported Poles in WWII. And, yes, some Gulag camps did match the Nazi death camps in their absolute guarantee of death to anyone sent there (see below).
At Katyn (see separate Listmania), the NKVD shot tens of thousands of educated Poles. The remaining Polish deportees, who found themselves in Gulags at such places as Siberia, Kazakhstan, and Kolyma, were doomed to a slow genocide of overwork, starvation, disease, and bitter cold. My parents and grandmother were sent to the Gulags, having been rousted out of their beds at night by the NKVD for being "enemies of the people". Earlier my grandfather, the main wanted man, managed to flee and hide successfully (and did so for many years, and was never caught).
Only the unexpected 1941 German Nazi attack on its erstwhile Soviet ally stayed this genocide. Some (but by no means all) of the still-living Poles were released in an "amnesty", including General Anders. A Polish army (the Second Polish Corps) that General Anders formed out of the deportees eventually distinguished itself in many battles, notably the taking of Monte Cassino from the Germans.
The Red Army "liberated" Poland in 1944. Poles were then sent to the Gulags anew. Not until the late 1950's were the still-living Polish inmates freed. They got to return to a Communist Poland that was a Soviet puppet state.
See also the Peczkis Listmania: THE KRESY IN HISTORY..."
"A classic. First published in 1951, this account by a Polish inmate of the Gulags gives considerable insight into the psychology of both wardens and inmates. It also contains information that refutes those who deny or minimize the Gulags. (see Peczkis review)."
"A Soviet camp where at least 3,000,000 perished, including 95% of Poles sent there. There were other camps (Nova Zemlya, Chukhotsk peninsula) where the mortality matched that of the Nazi extermination camps--100%."
"This work not only elaborates on the experiences of Polish children deported into the USSR (many orphaned there), but also their experiences as "amnestied" Soviet dwellers, subsequent refugees all over the world (notably east Africa), and their searches for a permanent postwar home in the face of the postwar Communist Soviet puppet state imposed on Poland thanks to western acquiescence."
"Unlike the usual testimonies of Poles who were sent to the Gulags in 1939-1940 and freed in 1941-1942 as part of the Nazi-attack-induced "amnesty", this one is of a Pole who was incarcerated in 1945 and not freed until 1958."
"Don't let the title of the book fool you. It also has an excellent chapter by a historian who debunks revisionist attempts to degrade (to about 390,000) the 1,250,000 Poles deported to the interior of the USSR in 1939-1941."
"A Pole who was intercepted by the Soviets as he attempted to flee to Romania during the 1939 German-Soviet conquest of Poland. He was interned in Siberia, subsequently released, but then almost lost his life again when the ship carrying him was torpedoed."
"The eminent Russian writer's classic, THE GULAG ARCHIPELAGO, mentions Gulag Poles several times. He also has decidedly Pole-friendly positions on such matters as Russian imperialism, Katyn, the betrayal of the Warsaw Uprising, etc. Locate the Peczkis review and follow the links to my three detailed reviews of the unabridged version."
"Contains a comprehensive study of Poland's oppression by Communism, including the Soviet Gulags (see the Peczkis review). Unfortunately, however, the author of the chapter on Poles relies solely on Communist statistics, which are often unreliable."
"The Komandant of Auschwitz had high praises for the Gulag system. He recognized the Gulags as a means of destroying entire peoples, and wanted to imitate some of these Communist genocidal techniques himself."
"Ironic to the common dichotomization of Nazi and Soviet camps, the Nazis originally planned to exterminate the Jews Bolshevik-style--by deporting them to (what was to be) German-ruled northern Russia to die from the climate. (see the Peczkis review)."
"A Gulag Pole escaped and walked some 6,000 miles to freedom. However, the Pole who accomplished this feat was not the author, Slawomir Rawicz, but Witold Glinski, another Pole. Evidently, Rawicz appropriated Glinski's experiences as his own."
"Testimony of a Polish Jew who ended up in Kozielsk camp, and later was part of the group of Poles who were freed from the Gulags as part of the Soviet "amnesty" in the wake of erstwhile Soviet ally Nazi Germany's invasion of the USSR."
"A thrilling account of the Poles released from the Soviet Gulags, and how General Anders, himself released from a Communist prison, formed them into an army. They eventually distinguished themselves in many battles, especially the taking of Monte Cassino from the Germans."
"A detailed account of the Battle of Monte Cassino. Successive Allied armies were unable to take Monte Cassino, but General Anders' Second Corps did. This book also refutes the claim that the Poles took an already-vacated objective. Also, based on a then-wounded German soldier's testimony, it refutes the claim that Polish soldiers at Monte Cassino shot disarmed Germans."