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Information Technology for the Health Professions (2nd Edition) 2nd Edition

8 customer reviews
ISBN-13: 978-0131175921
ISBN-10: 0131175920
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From the Back Cover

Concise, engaging, and up-to-date!!

Information Technology for the Health Professions Second Edition provides a general review of the history, uses, and potential for information technology (IT) across a broad spectrum of health professions. The book discusses how IT is transforming every aspect of health care—from administrative applications, to clinical systems involved in direct patient care.

  • Discussion of HIPAA and the effects of the USA Patriot Act on medical privacy.
  • Expanded chapter on medical informatics and the administrative uses of computers that familiarizes readers with the computerization of tasks in the medical office, such as the electronic medical record and bucket billing. It also introduces the student to coding systems, insurance and various accounting reports.
  • New chapter on the role of computer technology in dentistry.
  • Supplementary articles from popular sources that pique reader interest and provide unique insight and depth.
  • A complete instructional support package, including tests, lecture slides, and an instructor's manual, is available. Qualified adopters should contact their Prentice Hall sales representative for details.

Excerpt. © Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved.

Information technology continues to change many aspects of society, including health care and its delivery. In Information Technology for the Health Professions, we take a practical approach to introducing health care professionals to the myriad uses of computer technology in health care fields. After a brief introduction to the essential concepts needed to understand computer hardware, software, telecommunications, and the privacy and security of information, we see how these technologies have affected various aspects of health care. The term information technology includes not only computers, but also communications networks and computer literacy, that is, knowledge of the uses of computer technology. Rapidly changing computer technology continues to exert a major influence on all aspects of society. The understanding of the interconnections of hardware, software, networks, and new medical techniques is essential.


The second edition of Information Technology for the Health Professions has been expanded and updated for the new millennium. It includes new sections on recent technological developments and their uses in health care and its delivery, on new laws affecting privacy and security of medical information, an expanded chapter on medical informatics and the administrative uses of computers, and a new chapter on computer technology in dentistry. Dated materials have been deleted. Although Information Technology is geared to an audience interested in health care, it is written at a level appropriate for the layperson.

Chapter 1: Introduction to Information Technology—Hardware, Software, and Telecommunications

The first three chapters of the first edition on computer literacy, computer hardware and software, and networking and telecommunications have been condensed, keeping only information essential to students and others interested in computers and health care. These chapters have been combined into a new Chapter 1, which provides the student with information necessary to anyone living and working in a computerized society.

Chapter 2: Security and Privacy in an Electronic Age

Chapter 2 deals with the problems of security and privacy of information in electronic form and on networks. Both general issues of security and privacy in an electronic age and problems specific to health care are discussed. New issues of security and privacy are raised by new laws. The student is introduced to the Health Information Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) that provides the first national minimum standards for the privacy of medical information. The book also deals with the effects of the USA Patriot Act on medical privacy.

Chapter 3: An Introduction to Medical Informatics and the Administrative Applications of Computers

Chapter 3 is an expanded introduction to medical informatics—the use of technology to organize information in health care. The student is introduced to the traditional classifications of clinical uses of computers (used in direct patient care); administrative uses of computers used in office administration, financial planning, billing, and scheduling; and the special purpose uses of computers in education and pharmacy. The chapter has an expanded section on the administrative uses of computers discussing the computerization of tasks in the medical office, the electronic medical record, and bucket billing. It also introduces the student to grouping and coding systems, insurance, and the various accounting reports used in the health care environment.

Chapter 4: Telemedicine

Chapter 4 deals with telemedicine and its rapid expansion. Telecommunications and connectivity have made possible telemedicine, from the simple sharing of patient records or X-rays over networks, to distance exams, to remote operation of medical instruments, to teleconferencing. The earliest telemedicine used store-andforward technology to send images. This is still used in teleradiology, telepathology, teledermatology, telestroke programs, and telecardiology programs. Interactive videoconferencing allows a medical exam in real time—with all participants seeing and hearing each other.

Chapter 5: Information Technology in Radiology

Chapter 5 introduces the student to digital imaging techniques. Digital images (CT scans, MRIs, PET scans) are more precise than the traditional X-ray. The CT (computerized tomography) scan and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) have become standard diagnostic tools. PET scans (positron emission tomography) allow the physician to examine the electrical and chemical processes in the brain. Currently interventional radiologists treat diseases that once required traditional surgery.

Chapter 6: Information Technology in Dentistry

A new chapter that surveys computer technology in dentistry has been added. Dentistry is changing due to changing demographics and the introduction of new computer-based techniques. During the second half of the twentieth century, dental care allowed most children to grow up with healthy teeth. Now good dental care prevents cavities in children who can afford it. An aging population seeks dental care for many reasons, including cavities, periodontal disease, and cosmetics. The fully computerized dentist's office uses the electronic medical record to integrate all aspects of care.

Chapter 7: Information Technology in Surgery

Chapter 7 surveys the uses of computers in surgery. Computers are used in surgery from the teaching and planning stages to the actual use of robotic devices in the operating room. Computer simulations help in the training of students. Minimally invasive, endoscopic surgery makes use of robotic devices to hold the endoscope.

Chapter 8: Information Technology in Pharmacy

The use of computer technology in pharmacy has traditionally been considered a special purpose application. Today, information technology is involved with medication from its design to its administration. The development of medications for the treatment of genetically-based diseases is slowly becoming a reality because of the knowledge gained through the Human Genome Project. Supercomputers, using special software, are now being used to design new medications. Software packages allow pharmacies to print out extensive drug descriptions along with side effects and interaction warnings that accompany prescription medications. Computerized infusion pumps automatically administer medication. The networking of medical devices allows a monitoring device to communicate with a drug delivery device. Robots are being used to fill prescriptions and count out capsules and tablets. Telepharmacy is expanding due to a shortage of pharmacists, a drive to cut costs, and the interest of the U.S. Department of Defense, Veterans Administration, and Immigration and Naturalization Service.

Chapter 9: Computerized Medical Devices, Assistive Technology, and Prosthetic Devices

Computer controlled medical devices include the most established clinical use of computers—the use of computerized monitoring devices. For people with disabilities, adaptive technology can make an independent life a reality. Electronic prosthetics refer to computerized replacement body parts. An artificial limb designed with the help of a computer with embedded microprocessor chips can sense and react to nerve signals. It can work like a natural limb so that a person with an electronic prosthetic foot can even participate in college sports. Some devices, such as pacemakers, make use of the technology called functional electrical stimulation, which delivers low-level electrical stimulation to muscles.

Chapter 10: Informational Resources: Computer-Assisted Instruction, Expert Systems, and Health Information Online

Computer-assisted instruction, both drill-and-practice and simulation, has long been used to educate patients and practitioners. Currently programs make use of virtual reality techniques, so the student actually feels the experience of performing a medical procedure. Online medical literature databases aid in both academic research and diagnosing patients. Expert systems try to make a computer an "expert" in one field. Interactive self-help applications include both self-help software and the use of the Internet for medical advice. Advice and information on every aspect of health care, every drug, and every disease is on the Internet.

Chapter 11: Conclusion and Future Directions

Computer technology is continuing to have an enormous impact on health care fields. Today, medical technology is in a constant state of flux. Whole new fields, such as telemedicine, are emerging and changing the way medicine is practiced. The future may hold unbelievable techniques and devices. Electronic brain implants are in their infancy, holding the promise of communication for locked-in patients as well as the threat of mind control. Other devices are currently in the testing stages. Not only are sensors being developed to help paralyzed patients move. In the future, nanotechnology may diagnose and treat disease at the molecular level.


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Product Details

  • Paperback: 256 pages
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall; 2 edition (September 17, 2004)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0131175920
  • ISBN-13: 978-0131175921
  • Product Dimensions: 6.7 x 0.5 x 9.1 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 1.4 ounces
  • Average Customer Review: 3.9 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (8 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #3,602,128 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

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Most Helpful Customer Reviews

7 of 7 people found the following review helpful By W. Lewis on June 6, 2005
Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
This is a very simple introduction to computers in medicine geared to an undergraduate student who knows how to turn a computer on, and not much more. It does deal with information technology, but at such a superficial level as to be useless to anyone already in medicine. Indeed at a couple of points in the text it addresses the reader as "future healthcare professional". If you are a current healthcare professional trying to bring medicine into the 21st century, this book is not for you. It will not help you understand EHR's, e-prescribing, networks or true security concerns.
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12 of 14 people found the following review helpful By Robert Knetsch on April 20, 2001
Format: Paperback
Burke and Weill are correct that information technology is a highly pervasive and important issue that will change the face of health care in the next few years. It already has. As a health care professional in the technology area, I have seen great strides (and blunders) in the area of computers and health care.
It is hard, however, to understand Burke and Weill's intent of writing this book. It is thin and addresses the mere surface of each issue. I suppose it is for people who are entirely computer illiterate - I mean, it describes what a keyboard is, what a mouse does, and a brief definition of the Internet. If people don't already know about these then why explain health informatics and MRI scanners? More information could have been put in the book if more knowledge had been assumed; if the health professional does not have this knowledge, then they need to take some more basic courses. This book, in trying to start with the ultra-simple, then moving to the incredibly complex issue of digital imaging in just over 200 pages, it renders itself almost useless.
On a positive note, the chapter on computers in surgery was helpful and somewhat well done, given the meager space it was given. The best aspect of the book was the darkened "In the News" sections.
I would suggest books on Health Informatics and Medical Imaging (after getting a hold on computer basics) rather than purchase this book.
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1 of 1 people found the following review helpful By Tracey Collins on May 5, 2014
Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
I had picked the five star rating because this book was very helpful in my course about technology and health professionals. I like this book because it has a lot of useful information on the different types of technology there are in the health care feild. I would recommend this book to anyone who is interested in learning more about the different types of technology there are in the health care, and anyone who is going to be in this type of classes.
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By Marilyn on April 12, 2013
Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
I purchased this for a health class and did not have to use it. So I really just read the first chapter. Its okay, but I dropped the class. Can't really say much about the book.
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