Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required.
To get the free app, enter your email address or mobile phone number.
International Encyclopedia of Secret Societies and Fraternal Orders Paperback – July, 1998
See the Best Books of the Month
Want to know our Editors' picks for the best books of the month? Browse Best Books of the Month, featuring our favorite new books in more than a dozen categories.
From Library Journal
Copyright 1997 Reed Business Information, Inc. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
More About the Author
Top Customer Reviews
It is evident that Axelrod has little direct and personal knowledge of the subject matter as his turn of phrase is often `out of synch' with common usage within various fraternal orders. Arguably, membership in one or a number of fraternal organizations would be a necessary pre-requisite before embarking on a work of this nature as fraternal societies are, in most instances, a society apart and thus have their own idiosyncrasies in terminology and approach to matters. Frequently he simply `misses the point'.
While at times he does make some genuinely humourous remarks or observations, often, however, these asides often miss their mark and come across as condescending and belittling. Similarly, despite being an `International Encyclopedia' his material is concentrated mainly on American forms of fraternalism, ignoring to a large degree British and European manifestations of the same groups. This is despite his criticism in an entry about another American author on the same subject being American-centric and also elsewhere making comment that the US does do things significantly different to Europe- these flaws are particular pronounced in his entries on Freemasonry, Oddfellowship and the Orange Order (about which he seems to have done remarkably little investigation indeed). The entry on the Societas Rosicruciana in Anglia is laughable in its incompleteness and erroneousness, and makes one wonder where Axelrod sourced a lot of his information because- again- a lack of actual research is evident in this entry.Read more ›
fascinating tour of organizations from the Abecedairiens
(who were suspicious of the newfangled printing
press), to the Zuzumites (a defunct order about which
little is known).
Comprehensive treatment is given of the Freemasons,
Moose, Red Men, and other fraternal groups, and
many others such as the Ku Klux Klan, Mafia, Lions,
Rosicrucians, Knights of Columbus, and the famous E Clampus Vitus, a gold
rush relic which survives in the California Gold
Country today as a drinking and hellraising society.
Of special interest are the "secrets" of the secret societies,
such as "grips" (secret handshakes), oaths,
ceremonies and rituals, and "magic".Fascinating reading.
(The numerical rating above is a default setting
within Amazon"s format. This reviewer does not
employ numerical ratings.)