About the Author
Sharon M. Carver, PhD,
is a developmental psychologist who serves as a teaching professor at Carnegie Mellon University and the director of the Psychology Department s early childhood laboratory school, The Children s School. With David Klahr, she codirects the university s doctoral Program in Interdisciplinary Education Research (PIER). Dr. Carver earned an AB in psychology from Princeton University and a PhD in psychology from Carnegie Mellon University, where her advisor was David Klahr. Dr. Carver s research focus is on the explicit specification of learning goals, the alignment of instruction and assessment with those goals, and the application of diverse teaching strategies to facilitate transfer. She seeks to enhance the reciprocal impact of theory and research in multiple disciplines to strengthen the learning of children, educators, families, university students, and researchers. Jeff Shrager, PhD,
is a consulting associate professor of symbolic systems at Stanford University, and chief technological officer of CollabRx, Inc., a biomedical informatics startup. A computational psychologist of science, Dr. Shrager seeks to understand how science works and to build human-computer networks that facilitate scientific discovery. Dr. Shrager holds degrees in computer science and cognitive and developmental psychology from The University of Pennsylvania and Carnegie Mellon University, respectively, and has conducted research in cognitive and developmental neuroscience, informal science education, scientific computing, human learning, artificial intelligence, molecular microbial marine biology and genomics, nonlinear mathematics, and many other areas.