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LABYRINTHUS his word appears to be of Greek origin, and not of Egyptian as has generally been supposed; it is probably a derivative form of Sipos, and etymologically connected with Lavpai.
Accordingly, the proper definition of labyrinth is a large and complicated subterraneous cavern with numerous and intricate passages, similar to those of a mine.
Hence the caverns near Nauplia in Argolis were called labyrinths. And this is indeed the characteristic feature. of all the structures to which the ancients apply the name labyrinth, for they are always described as either entirely or partially under ground.
The earliest and most renowned labyrinth was that of Egypt, which lay beyond lake Moeris, at a short distance from the eity of Crocodiles (Arsinoe), in the province now called Faioum. Herodotus ascribes its construction to the dodecarehs, and Mela to Psammetichiis alone. But other and more probable accounts refer its construction to a much earlier age.
This edifice, which in grandeur even excelled the pyramids, is described by Herodotus and Pliny. It had 3000 apartments, 1500 under ground, and the same number above it, and the whole was surrounded by a wall. It was divided into courts, each of which was surrounded by colonnades of white marble. At the time of Diodorus and of Pliny the Egyptian labyrinth was still extant. But the ruins which modern travellers describe as relics of the ancient labyrinth, as well as the place where they saw them, do not LABYRINTHUS agree with what we know from the best ancient authorities respecting its architecture and its site, The purpose which this labyrinth was intended to serve, can only be matter of conjecture. It has been supposed by some writers that the whole arrangement of the edifice was a symbolical representation of the zodiac and the solar system. Herodotus, who saw the upper part of this labyrinth, and went through it, was not permitted by the keepers to enter the subterraneous part, and he was told by them that here were buried the kings by whom the labyrinth had been built, and the sacred crocodiles.
CRETE (Greek: Cteta, Kriti) is one of the thirteen peripheries of Greece. It is also the largest of the Greek islands at 8,336 km (3,219 square miles) and the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean.
Crete is a location of significant ancient history and a popular tourist destination; its attractions include the Minoan sites of Knossos and Phaistos, the classical site of Gortys, the Venetian castle at Rethymno, and the Samaria Gorge, as well as many other natural sites, monuments, and beaches. Crete was the centre of the Minoan civilization, the oldest form of Greek and hence European civilization. The island has also been called Classical Latin Creta, Vulgar Latin Candia.
Crete was the centre of Europe's most ancient civilization; the Minoan, often referred to as the 'cradle' of European civilization. Little is known about the rise of ancient Cretan society, as very limited written records remain, and many are written in the undeciphered script known as Linear A. This contrasts with the superb palaces, houses, roads, paintings and sculptures that do remain. Though early Cretan history is replete with legends such as those of King Minos; Theseus and the Minotaur; and Daedalus and Icarus passed on via Greek historians and poets such as Homer, it is known that the first human settlement in Crete, dating to the aceramic Neolithic, introduced cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, and dogs, as well as domesticated cereals and legumes.
The Island is famous for the Music of Crete and indeed there are many indigenous dances to the Island, the most famous of which is probably the Pentozali.
In this move there are the following parts:
* Mitos (the way out from labyrinth)
* Ancient Symbols
* Crete island
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