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Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation: The End of Slavery in America Paperback – November 7, 2006
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Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
Copyright © American Library Association. All rights reserved --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
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Professor Allen Guelzo tells the story of the Carpenter painting (p. 220-21), includes a photograph of the painting in the book, discusses Lincoln's statement to Carpenter (p. 186) and includes much more in his detailed study, "Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation: The End of Slavery in America" (2004). This book is a worthy successor to Professor Guelzo's recent study of Lincoln's religous and political beliefs in "Abraham Lincoln: Redeemer President".
Professor Guelzo takes issue with a historical interpretation of the Emancipation Proclamation beginning with Richard Hofstadter (1948) that argues that Lincoln had little concern with the status of black Americans and issued the Emancipation Proclamation only from reasons of prudence to protect the interests of white workers. Guelzo also approaches the Emancipation Proclamation to address recent arguments by African-American scholars skeptical of Lincoln's role and pessimistic about the future of race relations in the United States.
Professor Guelzo agrees that Lincoln approached the question of Emancipation cautiously.Read more ›
that Lincoln was a very reluctant emancipator - if even that. What many people hold against Lincoln, as is well known, is that he only touched slavery where slaves were out of his reach [i.e. living in confederate states in rebellion], and did not set people free where they were within his reach [i.e. in the loyal Border States of Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky & Missouri]. HOWEVER: as Guelzo points out: when Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, he invoked the constitutionally warranted [and untried] WAR POWERS in his role as Commander-in-Chief, which only apply during wartime/times of rebellion. Slavery did NOT fall under FEDERAL jurisdiction, but under STATE jurisdiction. In other words: the institution of slavery was "protected" by the firewall protecting states from any intervention on the part of the federal government. Should Lincoln have ended slavery in the BORDER states, his action would have been declared UNCONSTITUTIONAL by the Supreme Court in a heartbeat. After all: the Border states were NOT in rebellion (and thus protected, by the U.S. Constitution, from presidential decrees/proclamations pertaining to slavery!).
Further complications: Roger B. Taney [Dred Scott case!] was still chief justice of the Supreme Court (!), not exactly somebody you'd call a friend of emancipation. Further more: such executive action would surely have resulted in
the loyal Border States actually joining the Confederacy. In the fall of 1862, there was even the threat of a march on Washington D.C., a military 'Coup-d'Etat,' led by Union Commander George McClellan at the head of the Army
of the Potomac.Read more ›
This is a wonderful book. It paints a portrait of a side of Lincoln rarely discussed, Lincoln the cunning politician and master of strategy. Lincoln by careful political and military maneuvering did what the fiery rhetoric of the abolitionists had failed to; free all slaves everywhere.
The majority of Northern whites were not abolitionists and were not willing to fight a war with the South, strictly to free black slaves. Lincoln knew and understood this, and cast the war in terms of preserving the union. However thru a series of gradual, and seemingly unconnected actions, Lincoln set the die for the eventual abolition of slavery and the equality of all people.
Consider Lincoln's decision to accept southern slaves into the union army. This decision could be easily be justified on the grounds of military expediency. It was common practice for one army to seize the property of the opposing side and then to use that property against it's former owner. When the Union overran a Confederate artillery position, they would seize the cannons and use them against the South. What could be more sensible and non controversial than to use seized southern property(slaves) against the south?
However by training and arming recently freed black slaves and clothing them in the uniform of the U.S. Government, Lincoln seriously eroded the thesis of slavery; that blacks were an inferior race deserving only of slavery and not citizenship. When the war was over these black veterans would be another obstacle to a continuation of the previous precarious, legal status of blacks. It was inconceivable that a slave who had joined the Union army and fought for the Union could later be returned to slavery or denied citizenship.Read more ›
Most Recent Customer Reviews
Guelzo makes some strong arguments for lincoln many scholars haven't thought ofPublished 10 months ago by Steve
for something so brief the lawyers really hammed it up. Amazing how they can distort things so severely to make anything mean what they want it to.Published on August 29, 2013 by Lee R. Smith
Just one of Allen Guelzo's many excellent books about Lincoln! Hopefully there will be many more of them in the future.Published on March 20, 2013 by Tames
I've read over a dozen books of this genre since the end of summer. This is one of the best - accurate, well researched and documented, well-written, interesting, and factual. Read morePublished on January 27, 2013 by Alaskan
This book falls short as many before it in presenting the role enslaved laborers played in their own liberation, in addition to the president's strategy on how to win a modern war... Read morePublished on January 5, 2012 by RealFreedom
Guelzo's book is fantastic. It provides, starting at the dawn of the Civil War, a thorough look at all aspects of Emancipation. Read morePublished on April 19, 2011 by Edward Gray