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A Little History of Philosophy Hardcover – October 25, 2011
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“This book is a little classic, invaluable for the man or woman in the street who would like to know more about philosophy. . . . [It] suggests that philosophy is ‘not harsh and crabbed, as dull fools suppose’, but a thoroughly enjoyable way to stretch your mind.”—Merryn Williams, Oxford Times (Merryn Williams Oxford Times 2011-10-06)
“Survey the entire history of (western) philosophy through short intellectual biographies of 40 philosophers from Socrates to Peter Singer, in as broadly approachable a style as EH Gombrich’s A Little History of the World. A tall order; that Warburton (of the excellent podcast Philosophy Bites) has succeeded so well is a triumph.”—Steven Poole, The Guardian (Steven Poole The Guardian 2011-11-12)
From the Author
Philosophy is one of the most stimulating and important subjects there is. We all philosophize some of the time when we think about how we should live, whether or not God exists, or how society should be organized. These questions have vexed the greatest minds for thousands of years. Yet some people are still daunted by philosophy. They think it's an impenetrable and obscure subject that has no relevance for them. I wanted to show this isn't true, that it's possible to write an accessible and enjoyable book without betraying the spirit of the great thinkers of the past or making them obscure or irrelevant. I decided to focus on the Western tradition in philosophy and on one or two key ideas from each philosopher discussed rather than attempt an encyclopedic overview.
How is making philosophy accessible to all a challenge?
Part of the challenge of writing a book like this was to keep the language straightforward. Many philosophers have introduced complex technical terms that make their writing hard to follow. It's easy to fall into the habit of mirroring them. Writing in a way that doesn't presuppose knowledge is an excellent discipline, though, as there's no place to hide.
Which philosophers do you personally find most engaging?
Socrates, the great fifth-century Athenian philosopher who would cross-question passersby in the marketplace and reveal how little they really knew, is one of my personal favourites. His unwillingness to accept assumptions, and his passion for discovering the truth or, failing that, how little he knew, provide a model for all philosophers. Although he wasn't the first philosopher, he was the first great philosopher. He of all the philosophers in the book is the one I'd most like to have met. My second choice would be the eighteenth-century philosopher David Hume, a remarkable thinker who was also a superb writer.
What are the major themes of your book?
A Little History of Philosophy focuses on the major themes of philosophy: appearance and reality, the nature of the self, and questions about God's existence and about how we should live, both individually and as members of society. Throughout philosophy's history these have been the perennial themes. Each era gives them a new twist, but they aren't going to go away.
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Top Customer Reviews
A Little History of Philosophy tries to accomplish its task by breaking the development of philosophy up into 40 chapters, each focused on one or two philosophers. Each contains some brief biographical material and a discussion of one or two ideas associated with him or her. After reading A Little History, a reader will know the "big names" and become familiar with some of the more interesting questions and ideas raised over the millennia since Socrates hectored his fellow Athenians about what they really understood and believed. Warburton is careful to illustrate philosophical concepts in a manner that assumes no prior knowledge of philosophy.
More specifically, he covers both the famous (e.g. Plato, Aristotle, Kant, etc.) and some lesser known figures to the general public (Spinoza, Pierce, Foot, etc.), and includes even the most modern thinkers such as Rawls and Singer. His concept of "philosophy" is broad enough to cover ethics, political philosophy, economic philosophy, theology, ontology, and even some philosophy of science. He generally tries to pair different approaches or variations (e.g., Bentham and Mill on utilitarianism).Read more ›
Warburton is impressively thorough for such a short book. One might gripe that he really only covers western philosophy or that he neglects the role of language, logic, and philosophy of mathematics in 20th century anglophone philosophy, but those are very minor points. This is not intended to be a deep, philosophical treatise. It's a survey for the curious, and it does _really_ well for that.
One reviewer offers a blinkered hissy fit over Warburton's coverage of arguments for the "existence of god" and Bertrand Russell. That thread of thought is _minimal_ in western philosophy, of interest largely to religious fanatics who can't bear the idea that anyone doesn't take their dogma as an article of faith. Take it how you like, that reviewer's points about the book utterly miss the point.
If you're curious about philosophy and particularly if you know a young person who might get a kick out of philosophical thinking, this is a fine book.
Warburton reduces the the ideas of very many philosophers to their salient features in easily comprehensible and relevant descriptions.
This publication is so easy to read and follow that it is unlikely you'll ever again be bamboozled by pretentious grand statements. Essentially, each philosopher is reduced to a bare-bones analysis which can be sufficient in itself or allow further in-depth study. For simple realistic awareness of different philosophers and their place in the history of ideas, this book is a gem.
As unlikely as it might seem, Warburton has made philosophy easy and accessible. I am lead to suspect (after having struggled with some weightier tomes) that my IQ is marginally greater than my shoe size.
Give yourself a lift; read this.
Besides this, three ideas got me wondering...
1) About Chapter 39 "Can Computers Think?", I believe it'd more suitable here to consider Hubert Dreyfus's work than John Searle's. At least for me, the great relevance of Searle comes from distinguishing families of expressions in "everything we say". By contrast, Dreyfus has dedicated a major part of his work in questioning the traditional approach to Artificial Intelligence. "Mind Over Machine" and "What Computers Can't Do" are especifically tackling that exact discussion.
2) After reading Chapter 40 "A Modern Gafly", my first impression of Peter Singer is that of an Activist rather than a Philosopher. Although I found his stand concerning abortion quite compelling, his argument about animals and helping children in Africa seems not much developed (actually, rather capricious). I suppose it is philosophically well-grounded, but I didn't grab it from the chapter.
I wonder why did the author consider his thinking so crucial to have made it into the book.
3) I guess this have been written before, but anyway...Read more ›
Most Recent Customer Reviews
I have taught philosophy. This is a very clear, highly enjoyable book. It is a survey from ancient time to the present, but quite profound in its own way.Published 26 days ago by Frank J. Bruno
In the beginning it was interesting to refresh some pre-existing knowledge in a short time.
This audiobook is an easy listening that you can follow without too much... Read more
A personal view of the human history by a scholar who knows history deeply, in a informal language.Published 3 months ago by Joao Penteado de Barros Filho
Long time ago I have purchased this book from Amazon, but I remember that I enjoyed this book.Published 3 months ago by Nasser Al-Manji
I've never felt more humanized by a book. I plan to reread this in some time. Great entry into philosophy.Published 3 months ago by Jonathan R.
This is a real neat Philosophy 101 book. Well written and easy to read for a basic understanding of some of the recognized best philosophers. Read morePublished 6 months ago by bookworm
This book breaks things down in understandable, layman's terms. A great resource for anyone interested in philosophy, especially beginners.Published 7 months ago by Amazon Customer
Bought as a gift and the person loved it. Great purchased for someone who loves books and is hard to buy for. As promised!Published 7 months ago by E. Lauren