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Major Problems in American History, Volume II: Since 1865: Documents and Essays Paperback – January 1, 2002

ISBN-13: 978-0618061341 ISBN-10: 0618061347 Edition: 1st

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Product Details

  • Series: Major Problems in American History Series
  • Paperback: 464 pages
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning; 1 edition (January 1, 2002)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0618061347
  • ISBN-13: 978-0618061341
  • Product Dimensions: 6.4 x 1.1 x 9.2 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 1.4 pounds (View shipping rates and policies)
  • Average Customer Review: 3.7 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (16 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #283,644 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

Editorial Reviews


Introduction to Students: How to Read Primary and Secondary Sources 1. Reconstruction, 1865-1877 DOCUMENTS 1. African Americans Talk About Their Personal Experiences of Newfound Freedom, c. 1865 2. Louisiana Black Codes Reinstate Provisions of the Slave Era, 1865 3. President Andrew Johnson Denounces Changes in His Program of Reconstruction, 1868 4. Congressman Thaddeus Stevens Demands a Radical Reconstruction, 1867 5. Elizabeth Cady Stanton Questions Abolitionist Support for Female Enfranchisement, 1868 6. The Fourteenth Amendment Grants Citizenship and Due Process of Law to African Americans, 1868 7. Elias Hill, an African American Man, Recounts a Nighttime Visit from the Ku Klux Klan, 1871 8. Missouri Senator Carl Schurz Admits the Failures of Reconstruction, 1872 9. Mississippi Congressman L.Q.C. Lamar Denounces Reconstruction, 1874 ESSAYS Thomas Holt, Social Class Divides Negro State Legislators in South Carolina, Impeding Reconstruction Eric Foner, The Odds Against the Success of Reconstruction Were Great 2. Western Settlement and the Frontier in American History DOCUMENTS 1. The Homestead Act Provides Free Land to Settlers, 1862 2. Pioneer Mary Barnard Aguirre Marries into the Spanish West, 1863 3. The Federal Government Punishes Confederate Indians, 1865 4. Katie Bighead (Cheyenne) Remembers Custer and the Battle of Little Big Horn, 1876 5. Chief Joseph (Nez Perce) Surrenders, 1877 6. The Dawes Severalty Act Further Reduces Indian Landholdings, 1887 7. Wyoming Gunfight: An Attack on Chinatown, 1885 8. Southern Freedmen Resolve to Move West, 1879 9. The Jorgensens Long for Other Danes, 1906 10. Frederick Jackson Turner Articulates the Frontier Thesis, 1893 ESSAYS Ray Allen Billington, Frontier Democracy Patricia Nelson Limerick, The Legacy of Conquest: America's Conflicted Frontier 3. Industrialization, Workers, and the New Immigration DOCUMENTS 1. Poet Emma Lazurus Praises the New Colossus, 1883 2. A Slovenian Boy Remembers Tales of the Golden Country, 1909 3. Immigrant Thomas O'Donnell Laments the Plight of the Worker, 1883 4. The Knights of Labor Demand Reform, 1878 5. Unionist Samuel Gompers Asks "What Does the Working Man Want?" 1890 6. Steel Magnate Andrew Carnegie Preaches a Gospel of Wealth, 1889 7. Engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor Fashions the Ideal Worker, 1910 8. Jurgis Rudkus Discovers the Saloon in The Jungle, 1905 ESSAYS: Oscar Handlin, The Uprooted Roy Rosenzweig, Ethnic Enclaves and The Workers' Saloon 4. Imperialism and World Power DOCUMENTS 1. Governor Theodore Roosevelt Praises the Strenuous Life, 1899 2. Filipino Leader Emilio Aguinaldo Rallies His People to Arms, 1899 3. The American Anti-Imperialist League Denounces U.S. Policy, 1899 4. Mark Twain Satirizes the Battle Hymn of the Republic, 1900 5. A Soldier Criticizes American Racism in the Philippines, 1902 6 The Platt Amendment Limits Cuban Independence, 1903 7. The Roosevelt Corollary Makes the United States the Police of Latin America, 1904 8. President Woodrow Wilson Disavows Territorial Conquest, 1913 ESSAY Gail Bederman, Gendering Imperialism: Theodore Roosevelt's Quest for Manhood and Empire Emily S. Rosenberg, Spreading the American Dream: American Economic and Cultural Expansion, 1890-1945 5. The Progressive Movement DOCUMENTS 1. Journalist Lincoln Steffens Exposes the Shame of Corruption, 1904 2. Political Boss George Washington Plunkitt Defends "Honest" Graft, 1905 3. Social Worker Jane Addams Advocates Civic Housekeeping, 1906 4. President Theodore Roosevelt Preaches Conservation and Efficiency, 1908 5. Prohibition Poem Castigates the Tyranny of Alcohol, 1910 6. Industrialist Henry Ford Lectures Against Cigarettes, 1914 7. Sociologist William Graham Sumner Denounces Reformers' Fanaticism, 1913 8. Rewriting the Constitution: Amendments on Income Tax, Election of Senators, Prohibition, and the Vote for Women, 1913-1920 9. Black Leader Booker T. Washington Advocates Compromise, 1895 10. NAACP Founder W.E.B. DuBois Counters Booker T. Washington, 1903 ESSAYS: Richard Hofstadter, The Status Revolution and Progressive Leaders Gerald Woods, Fighting the Good Fight (Against the Disreputable Pleasures) in San Francisco and Los Angeles 6. America in World War I DOCUMENTS 1. President Woodrow Wilson Asks Congress to Declare War, 1917 2. Senator Robert M. La Follette Voices His Dissent, 1917 3. A Union Organizer Testifies to Vigilante Attack, 1917 4. The U.S. Government Punishes War Protestors: The Espionage Act, 1918 5. Wilson Proposes a New World Order in the "Fourteen Points," 1918 6. George M. Cohan Sings About Patriotism in "Over There," 1918 7. Novelist John Dos Passos: "Remembering the Gray Crooked Fingers," 1919 8. George Creel Recalls Selling the War, 1920 9. Cartoons for and Against the League of Nations, 1920 ESSAYS: Jan Wilhelm Schulte-Nordholt, Wilson as a Peace Advocate Out of Touch with Reality Tony Smith, Wilson as Father and Foreteller of a New World Order 7. Crossing a Cultural Divide: The Twenties DOCUMENTS: 1. The Governor of California Tells of the "Oriental Problem," 1920 2. The Ku Klux Klan Defines Americanism, 1926 3. Author Richard Wright Recalls "Living Jim Crow" in the Twenties, 1937 4. Langston Hughes: Poet of the 1920s Harlem Renaissance 5. Clarence Darrow Interrogates William Jennings Bryan in the Monkey Trial, 1925 6. Bruce Barton Sees Jesus as an Advertising Man, 1925 7. The Automobile Comes to Middletown, U.S.A, 1929 8. A Survey Examines the Morals of High School Students, 1924 9. F. Scott Fitzgerald Reveals Attitudes About Gender and Race in The Great Gatsby, 1925 ESSAYS Paula S. Fass, Sex and Youth in the Jazz Age Edward J. Larson, Fundamentalists vs. Modernists in the Scopes Monkey Trial 8. The Depression, the New Deal, and Franklin D. Roosevelt DOCUMENTS 1. President Herbert Hoover Applauds Limited Government, 1931 2. The Nation Asks "Is It to Be Murder, Mr. Hoover?" 1932 3. Business Leader Henry Ford Advocates Self-Help, 1932 4. John Steinbeck Portrays the Outcast Poor in The Grapes of Wrath, 1939 5. Woody Guthrie Sings "This Land Is Your Land," 1940 6. President Franklin Roosevelt Seeks Justice for "One-Third of a Nation," 1937 7. An Architect of Social Security Recalls the Southern Concession, 1935 8. Social Security Advisers Consider Male and Female Pensioners, 1938 9. The Wagner Act Allows Workers to Unionize, 1935 10. Nelson Rockefeller Lectures Standard Oil on Social Responsibility, 1937 ESSAYS David M. Kennedy, FDR: Advocate for the American People Barton J. Bernstein, FDR: Savior of Capitalism 9. The Ordeal of World War II DOCUMENTS 1. Nazi Leader Adolf Hitler Links Race and Nationality, 1927 2. Japan Announces a 'New Order' in Asia, 1938 3. President Franklin D. Roosevelt Asks Congress to Declare War, 1941 4. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill Reacts to Pearl Harbor, 1941 5. President Franklin D. Roosevelt Identifies the "Four Freedoms" at Stake in the War, 1941 6. An African American Soldier Notes the 'Strange Paradox' of the War, 1944 7. Stanford Professor Yamato Ichihashi Writes of His Internment, 1942 8. Roosevelt and Soviet Premier Josef Stalin Plan the United Nations, 1943 9. Theologian Reinhold Niebuhr Warns of American Naivete, 1944 10. General Dwight Eisenhower Reports to General George Marshall on the German Concentration Camps, 1945 ESSAYS Stephen E. Ambrose, Visitors to Hell: Omaha Beach on D-Day Alan Brinkley, Over Here: World War II and American Liberalism 10. The Cold War and the Nuclear Age DOCUMENTS 1. Secretary of War Henry Stimson Appeals for Atomic Talks with the Soviets, 1945 2. Diplomat George F. Kennan Advocates Containment, 1946 3. Democrat Henry A. Wallace Questions the "Get Tough" Policy, 1946 4. Soviet Ambassador Nikolai Novikov Sees a U.S. Bid for World Supremacy, 1946 5. The Truman Doctrine Calls for the United States to Become the World's Police, 1947 6. The Marshall Plan Seeks to Rebuild Europe, 1948 7. National Security Council Paper No. 68 (NSC-68) Arms America, 1950 8. Senator Joseph McCarthy Describes the Internal Communist Menace, 1950 9. The Federal Loyalty-Security Program Questions a Postal Clerk, 1954 10. President Eisenhower Warns of the Military-Industrial Complex, 1961 ESSAYS Walter LaFeber, Truman's Hard-Line Policy John Lewis Gaddis, Two Cold War Empires: Friendly Persuasion vs. Brute Force 11. The 1950s "Boom": Affluence and Anxiety DOCUMENTS 1. Congress Passes the G.I. Bill of Rights, 1944 2. Science News Letter Reports a Baby Boom, 1954 3. Life Magazine Identifies the New Teen-age Market, 1959 4. A Young American Is "Born on the Fourth of July," 1946 5. Congress Adds God to the Pledge of Allegiance, 1954 6. Parental Indulgence Is Criticized in Rebel Without a Cause, 1955 7. Paul Goodman Describes Growing Up Absurd, 1956 8. Governor Adlai Stevenson Tells College Women About Their Place in Life, 1955 9. Feminist Betty Friedan Describes the Problem That Has No Name, 1959 ESSAYS John Patrick Diggins, A Decade to Make One Proud Stephanie Coontz, Families in the Fifties: The Way We Never Were 12. Making the Great Society: Civil Rights DOCUMENTS 1. The United Nations Approves a Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948 2. The Supreme Court Rules on Brown v. Board of Education, 1954 3. Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., Defends Seamstress Rosa Parks, 1955 4. Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Remembers Civil Rights on TV, 1957 5. Congress Passes the Civil Rights Act of 1964 6. Black Muslim Malcolm X Warns: The Ballot or the Bullet, 1964 7. Congress Approves the Voting Rights Act, 1965 8. A National Organization for Women Calls for Equity, 1966 9. Mexican Americans Form "La Raza Unida," 1968 10. A Proclamation from the Indians of All Tribes, Alcatraz Island, 1969 11. Americans with Disabilities Act, 1990 ESSAYS Harvard Sitkoff, The Preconditions for Racial Change David J. Garrow, A Leader for His Time: Martin Luther King, Jr. 13. The Sixties: Left, Right, and the Culture Wars DOCUMENTS 1. President John Kennedy Tells Americans to Ask "What You Can Do," 1961 2. Bill Moyers Remembers Kennedy's Effect on His Generation (1961), 1988 3. President Lyndon B. Johnson Declares War on Poverty, 1964 4. Young Americans for Freedom Draft a Conservative Manifesto, 1960 5. Students for a Democratic ...

About the Author

Elizabeth Cobbs Hoffman, Professor and Dwight E. Stanford Chair of American Foreign Relations at San Diego State University, received her Ph.D. from Stanford University. Her areas of expertise include American diplomatic, economic, and cultural history. Her book, ALL YOU NEED IS LOVE: THE PEACE CORPS AND THE SPIRIT OF THE 1960S (Harvard University Press, 1998), earned rave reviews from academic and popular readers alike. Professor Cobbs Hoffman has received fellowships from the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and the Organization of American States, and served for six years as a member of the Historical Advisory Council to the U.S. Department of State. In 2004, she held the Mary Ball Washington Chair at University College Dublin through the Fulbright Program. She writes for both scholarly and popular periodicals and is currently authoring a new synthesis of American foreign relations for Harvard University Press.

Jon Gjerde died in October 2008. He was Alexander F. and May T. Morrison professor of history at the University of California, Berkeley, and received his Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota in 1982. His areas of expertise included nineteenth-century America with particular reference to immigration and religion, and he published some thirty articles on these subjects. He also published FROM PEASANTS TO FARMERS: THE MIGRATION FROM BALESTRAND, NORWAY, TO THE UPPER MIDDLE WEST (1985) and THE MINDS OF THE WEST: THE ETHNOCULTURAL EVOLUTION OF THE RURAL MIDDLE WEST, 1830-1917 (1997), both of which won the Theodore Saloutos Memorial Book Award of the Immigration History Society for the best book in agricultural history.

More About the Author

Award-winning historian and novelist Elizabeth Cobbs Hoffman brings unique and unexpected perspectives to our understanding of the past and present. Building upon her remarkable life experiences as an activist in her teens and twenties, Elizabeth Cobbs Hoffman writes fiction and non-fiction that is both witty and scholarly. Her path-breaking books reveal a world that is as intriguing and surprising as it is real.

Elizabeth Cobbs Hoffman began writing at age 15 as the Publications Coordinator for a women's center in Southern California, where she organized a variety of innovative projects for young people and adults. For these and other efforts, at age 22, she won the John D. Rockefeller International Youth Award, given annually to one individual worldwide. She earned a Ph.D. at Stanford University, and now teaches history at San Diego State University. Her books have won four literary prizes, two for American history and two for fiction. Previously a Fulbright scholar in Ireland, she is currently writing a novel on Alexander Hamilton and his courageous wife Eliza Schuyler, who survived his tragic death and raised their seven children alone.

Customer Reviews

3.7 out of 5 stars

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

24 of 32 people found the following review helpful By A Customer on August 3, 2003
Format: Paperback
If you teach US history, do not use this book. It follows the same pattern as other texts in the Major Problems series (some of which are quite good), but since this book was used in a survey course for undergraduates (primarily freshmen), its format did not lend itself well to effective teaching or learning. There is the usual mix of documents and essays. However, the documents are meaningless for students unfamiliar with their historical context or importance, and many of them do not lend themselves well to classroom discussion (How long does it take to discuss the GI Bill?) The essays are equally disappointing, in that they are largely choppy excerpts taken from books or articles written by historians. They are filled with ellipses and the footnotes are omitted, which is a mistake, considering it makes the essays look plagiarized, something we want students NOT to do. History Instructors: Avoid this book, and assign a mix of monographs and novels to your students--the students will get more for their money, and it won't bore the instructors to death every week!
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2 of 2 people found the following review helpful By Debra Stratus on December 3, 2010
Format: Paperback
This is a fantastic companion to any US history classroom. The book is about a plethora of topics to discuss with students. I then hope students will go home to discuss them with their parents as well.
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2 of 3 people found the following review helpful By GibsonJ45 on July 25, 2007
Format: Paperback
Why is it so hard to find good source readers for classes? I have used this book for undergraduates and find it too advanced for survey classes, rather the essays and documents might be better served for college junior and seniors. I quit using it for my freshmen and sophmores, but I have retained it for my online web based courses only because a) a reader is needed for that type of class, b) the documents and essays are generally as good as any other reader.

This text could be improved by at least giving the students some specific questions at the end of the documents and essays, and by reducing the cost. This book is too expensive for what it is.
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By boymom0811 on March 17, 2014
Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
This was a required book for one of my courses, but I found it to be a good read anyways (which is usually rare for college textbooks.)
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By Istariel on January 27, 2014
Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
For a student or writer of American history, this is a great resource both as text and as writing guide, well worth it.
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This is an informative history book on an explosively changing time in American history. The book was purchased to assist my English composition papers that the professor was using. If you need an insight into this period of American history, it will be extremely helpful to your understanding.
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Format: Paperback
An insufferable strewing together of entirely unrelated anecdotal passages; essays to follow written in equally insufferable language. It is as though the authors clicked through microsoft's thesaurus:
"ooh, this looks like a ten dollar word that will make me look smart."
Where multifaceted events like slavery's political impact, lincoln's financial disaster, and the progressive era are completely glossed over (though entire chapters are dedicated to two of them), there are single-sided pinpoint focuses on far less important "problems" (e.g.: 15 pages dedicated to lincoln's memorial, 40 pages dedicated to how people like to drink, etc). Either change the title of the book to "The Way Unimportant People Felt About Somewhat Important Things In History" or collect more useful passages.

Protip: if your historically inept teacher has chosen this book, buy it used and look for Hi-Liting-- I estimate roughly one sentence per page will be of any importance.
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I needed this book for a U.S. History college class. The book was very cheap and in amazing shape. This is a good book but the text can be a little confusing for some people to understand. This book allows great class discussions about the important events in History.
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