John Edgar Hoover (1895-1972) was, of course, the first Director of the FBI, appointed in 1924. He is also credited with the authorship (although they were most likely ghostwritten) of the books, Persons in hiding
, A study of communism
, and J. Edgar Hoover on Communism
, as well as this 1958 book.
He wrote in the Foreword, "Communism is the major menace of our time. Today, it threatens the very existence of our Western civilization... The Communist Party, never forget, is a state within a state. It has its own system of 'courts,' ... It enforces its own laws... The Party member may physically reside in the United States, but he 'lives' in a communist 'world.'"
He admits (pg. 5) that the Party in the U.S. has seen a severe drop in its membership from the peak of 80,000 in 1944 to (1957-current) about 20,000. However, he later notes "the value of fellow travelers and sympathizers," whose value "lies in their alleged noncommunist affiliation." (Pg. 83)
He asserts that the Party's position toward African-Americans is determined by Soviet foreign policy, and "not by concern for their welfare." (Pg. 228) He also states that "A true follower of the Jewish faith, like those of other religions, cannot embrace communism." (Pg. 240)
He charges that although acts of sabotage "are not now part of the Party's program, they may become so in the future." (Pg. 283)
However, he also strongly notes that "Smears, character assassination, and the scattering of irresponsible charges have no place in this nation," and "hinder rather than aid the fight against communism." (Pg. 290)