Medical Humanism and Natural Philosophy: Renaissance Debates on Matter, Life and the Soul

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ISBN-13: 978-9004218710
ISBN-10: 9004218718
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Product Details

  • Hardcover: 241 pages
  • Publisher: BRILL (December 30, 2011)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 9004218718
  • ISBN-13: 978-9004218710
  • Product Dimensions: 0.8 x 6.8 x 10 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 1.2 pounds
  • Average Customer Review: 5.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (1 customer review)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #3,860,394 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

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Format: Hardcover
Inspired by the ideas found in the newly recovered ancient sources, Renaissance humanists questioned the traditional teachings of universities. Humanistically trained physicians, called "medical humanists", were particularly active in the field of natural philosophy, where alternative approaches were launched and tested. Their intellectual outcome contributed to the reorientation of philosophy toward natural questions, which were to become crucial in the seventeenth century. This volume explores six medical humanists of diverse geographical and confessional origins (Leoniceno, Fernel, Schegk, Gemma, Liceti and Sennert) and their debates on matter, life and the soul. The study of these debates sheds new light on the contributions of humanist culture to the evolution of early modern natural philosophy.

Contents

Introduction
1. Medical Humanism and Natural Philosophy
2. Matter, Life and the Soul
3. The Newly Recovered Texts and Their Interpretations
4. Philosophy in the Manner of Medical Humanists

Chapter 1: Nicolo Leoniceno between the Arabo-Latin Tradition and the Renaissance of the Greek Commentators
1. Introduction
2. Galen: The Vegetative Soul and Innate Heat
3. Aristotle and Pietro d'Abano: Celestial Heat, the Intellect and Soul's Vehicle
4. Alexander of Aphrodisias and Simplicius: The Seed's Inner Nature
5. Averroes and Themistius: Ideas, Intellects and Souls
6. Conclusion

Chapter 2: Jean Fernel and His Christian Platonic Interpretation of Galen
1. Introduction
2. The Divine Forces of Forms
3. God the Creator and Fetal Formation
4. The Divine and Celestial Nature of the Soul
5. The Notion of Faculty
6. The Formative Force and the Divine Craftsman in the Seed
7.
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