The list author says: "With over 5,000 years of history from the Mughals to the Internet, India is one of the world's fastest-growing economies and a major political player with nuclear capability and an educated workforce. Once the "jewell in the crown" of the British Empire, India achieved democracy through the efforts of Gandhi, Nehru, and others. Yet it is plagued by pollution, corruption, and overpopulation. The political assassinations of Premier Indira Gandhi and her son, and the terrorist attacks in Mumbai (Bombay) point out the instability. A British critic said scornfully that India would never survive politically... it was simply too big, too diverse and too under-developed. History has provec him wrong: unlike Burma, which is ruled under the iron hand of a military junta, and Thailand, which is rocked by political unrest, India survives."