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Moral Panics and the Copyright Wars
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25 of 25 people found the following review helpful
on February 10, 2010
Format: HardcoverVerified Purchase
Thanks for the comments. The last (second) review noted that I don't offer a prescription out of the current situation. That was deliberate: I wanted this book to be about how we talk about copyright and the influence that plays in our thinking. Had I wrote a prescriptive book, that's all people would have focused on, I feared. But, since in the book I frequently advocate giving consumers what they want rather than what businesses want to give to them, I am heeding my own advice. I am writing a sequel, which is entirely prescriptive, called "How to Fix Copyright." It will be published by Oxford University Press too and will come out I imagine at the beginning of 2011. so please read and judge Moral Panics for what it set out to do.
P.S. I had to rate the book to post these remarks, and was not being presumptuous. I obviously would have preferred to post without rating myself.
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21 of 22 people found the following review helpful
on August 13, 2009
Format: HardcoverVerified Purchase
I've read other policy explorations by copyright experts -- Copyrights and Copy Wrongs, Copyright's Paradox, Copyright's Highway,The Future of Ideas, and Digital Copyright -- and Patry's book is distinguishable on a few levels. Most importantly, it's better written. Patry's use of language and metaphors (he discusses the distinction between metaphor and simile) is a few steps ahead of his colleagues and makes his thesis more palatable and an enjoyable read. As for Patry's brain, that also may be a few steps ahead of his colleagues. Not only is he able to accurately report on the shipwreck of copyright law (and to prescribe a reasonable approach for towing and repairing it) but he presents this approach in a simple, persuasive style. Finally, Patry's 'big picture' overview -- as painful as it may be for many of us copyright owners -- is the perspective of someone with practical, and not merely academic experience. I'm not sure if the appeal of this book extends beyond copyright nerds, but it should.
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9 of 11 people found the following review helpful
on December 31, 2010
Format: Kindle EditionVerified Purchase
Full disclosure: I work, and have for years, for content creators. I therefore believe that content creators should have the right, among other things, to place conditions upon the uses made of their creations. I believe this because this is their bargain: I will make things if you will let me choose how they will be used. Because I believe this, I'm good at my job of protecting content creators, and I have a commercial interest in preserving the law as it stands. I'll try to review objectively, but you should know that before I start because it's going to be a bias.

Patry works on the other side: for a company that has made its money by taking and aggregating content made by other people. It is also a company that has found a way to protect its IP through a monopoly: the monopoly in this case just happens to be a patent and not a copyright. Patry would have you believe that, although this is his background, it doesn't affect his conclusions. If that were true, he shouldn't have his job, because he would be a hypocrite in his daily life. I don't think he's a hypocrite: I think he really believes what he's saying and reasonable minds can certainly believe this too. You just need to keep in mind as you read that he has a commercial interest in having the law end up the way he advocates in this book.

Patry's analysis of the law and how it has developed is excellent. He has obviously done his homework and knows the historical development of copyright. These sections will provide you with an outstanding overview of the literature and the history, and will save you literally thousands of pages of reading to get you to the same place. His analysis of US law is bang-on, and he does make a compelling case for the idea that corporate copyright ownership and the way that copyright law protects corporate owners (who are really assignees from the original creators of the art) might be overbroad. I disagree, but his points are very strong and they require to be addressed.

He then moves to recommendations for how US law should expand to permit more types secondary uses without requiring the permission of the original creator. This is where we need to be aware of the biases I describe above. I find his analysis doesn't distinguish enough between original creators and corporate assignees. It's disingenuous to speak of a creative intent for a corporate assignee, but very easy to speak of one for an artist, and Patry conflates "owner of original work" with corporate assignees and "secondary users" with artists being held back by copyright law. But there are plenty of artists who create original works, and Patry's analysis doesn't seem to hold when you consider their position: if you draw a cartoon for your friend as a gift, should your friend be allowed to make t-shirts from it? If so, why? If not, why not? There are principled answers to each, but they're not as easy questions to address as whether a company should be allowed to block a small artist from creating derivative works.

The way these rights of original creators are protected outside the USA is by moral rights. Patry doesn't really talk about the doctrine of moral rights (which in the USA is limited to works of fine art but outside the USA is an inalienable right of all creators). I think that's because it cuts contrary to his point: if an original creator is able to limit downstream uses of their work that they believe are inconsistent with their original creative vision, then Patry's vision of unrestricted reuse doesn't work.

Long review, short conclusion: Patry's work is a detailed and excellent snapshot of a particular legal system (USA) and a particular time in its development. But this is a legal brief with a conclusion in mind. He argues it well. But he is not unbiased.
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2 of 2 people found the following review helpful
on February 21, 2010
Format: HardcoverVerified Purchase
Mr. Patry has written a very useful book, albeit a dense one. He recites the litany of cases in which content holders have declared the end of the world should a given technology be permitted, only to find themselves its eventual beneficiaries. Excerpts from the centuries-long history of the debates over copyright debunk the favored position of content owners that their rights are natural and not subject to constraints in favor of the public. He makes the connection between excessive copyright and suppression of innovation in the course of reciting the story of the various technologies attacked by content owners --from the player piano through digital audio tape to Napster. As noted in previous reviews and Mr. Patry's remarks in this space, the book is not prescriptive, although it does provide a key thought that is anathema to our business culture but not necessarily so to the public good: to wit, that companies should give customers what they want and then figure out how to make money doing it.

Potential readers should note that the book is often pedantic and repetitive, and may focus on issues of terminology and philosophy of argument that are likely of more interest to attorneys than other folks. It is nevertheless a very valuable read for anyone concerned about redressing the balance of copyright so as to further the progress of science and the useful arts, rather than criminalizing our children.
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on January 7, 2014
Format: HardcoverVerified Purchase
I like the writing and argueents of this book that are not really limited to IP or copyrights law!! its really refreshing, novel and powerfull. it covers a wide range of attitudes toward IP, ethics and societial attitude and need toward IP Law. with an eagle eye on ecoomical aspect of it. truely a master piece.
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on May 25, 2013
Format: Kindle EditionVerified Purchase
As I study "intellectual" "property" "rights" with a view to writing something sometime, I am obliged to read the best works on the topic. I keep coming across references to a work by one William Patry, a copyright lawyer. Now note that designation, not "intellectual" "property" "rights" lawyer, or patent lawyer (although he is one), merely "copyright lawyer."

In fact, he bills himself (and no doubt his clients) as the "most prolific scholar of copyright in history." He also defines himself as a centrist on the topic of copyrights. In his book he is given to such citations as "the greatest speech ever given on copyrights". Which, of course, the most prolific scholar would be in a position to assess the greatest speech, wouldn't he? Well, talk about an opportunity to get in some serious lawyer-bashing. This guy is leaves himself wide open.

And since he is pro-copyright, he is necessarily to me an implacable enemy. I should make clear, as a content-creator, I am against all copyrights, patents, trademarks, etc. It is the only rational position for a creative person to take.

Now, having said that, the book is probably the best thing written on copyrights, ever. He is probably the most prolific scholar of copyright in history. The thing is a stunning tour de force. It's a mere 200 pages of content, and I am only through page 84, but I must pause and report.

Only at page 84 and he has destroyed all arguments for "intellectual" "property" "rights". And I mean he catalogs each one that is used today, traces the history of the argument, and destroys them. All of them.

He examines the pro-IPR data regarding the losses incurred by industry. This is a particularly delightful section, demonstrating the entire oeuvre is bogus, and forensically it could not rise to the level of social interest. There is nothing to support the claims of losses by anyone in any industry. Now, I have said the same thing many times, from a practical level, but Patry hits it from a forensics angle. All taxpayer money directed at enforcement of "intellectual" "property" "rights" is now clearly a waste.

Nonetheless, the full federal power of policing of "intellectual" "property" "rights" is brought down upon 12 year old girls. Edgar Bronfman, when not leveraging the holocaust to shake down Swiss bankers, and Jack Valenti are the villains in this piece. But the gallery of pro-IPR rogues is vast. I suppose if Diane Von Furstenberg had made her greedy demands before the book was printed she too would have been included.

And Patry is no idiot savant who solely mastered copyrights, he ranges outside his field with breathtaking perspicacity. Like a Chomsky-grade linguist, Patry takes on metaphors used in the copyright wars to defend "intellectual" "property" "rights". He asks us to pause and reflect on in what way is a 12 year old girl who downloads music like a pirate?

Pirates vs. downloader. Does this matter? Well, very much. As you see, a 12 year old girl who downloaded a song feels the weight of the law, like a pirate, if we call her one. If Federal Prosecutor can call Aaron Swartz a pirate, the Federal Prosecutor can hound Swartz literally to death. And did. China is so taken by the pirate argument its new laws in fact make provision for the death penalty of copyright violators.

So far Patry has destroyed any basis for "intellectual" "property" "rights" and destroyed any argument for damage done by violation thereof, and exposed the moral bankruptcy of anyone advocating "intellectual" "property" "rights." Not much left. Not bad for 84 pages. Not to mention if his book has any effect, he'll no doubt save lives.

Yet he has asserted a few times there is a warrant for copyrights, and I will read through to see what this warrant is. He is not anti-copyright, he is anti "intellectual" "property" "rights."
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on February 2, 2013
Format: Kindle EditionVerified Purchase
Revealing views on the popular subject, especially for those who are not experts/lawyers. While (naturally) in some aspects biased towards the new media and consumption models, it gives summary of facts and historical context that should be known more widely than it is.
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on February 29, 2012
Format: HardcoverVerified Purchase
Both informative and well reasoned. Moral Panics and the Copyright Wars is essential reading for anyone looking to understand the current state of copyright law.
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on August 23, 2011
Format: HardcoverVerified Purchase
Patry makes a solid case that the defenders of copyright are actually the defenders of outmoded business models and ostriches who refuse to take their heads out of the sand. His leftward slant is apparent in his allusions and three--three!--quotations of President Obama's line in his inaugural address about "our better angels," as if this were a deeply meaningful line from The Prelude. Still, Patry takes what could be a deathly dull topic and invests it with intelligence and a wonderful lack of legalese. Glad I read it.
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0 of 3 people found the following review helpful
on March 5, 2010
Format: HardcoverVerified Purchase
I have yet to finish this but am enjoying Bill Patry's insights on the topic. However, within the first two chapters it is clear that this book was very lighlty edited, if at all. It's not what I expect from OUP.
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