When Pemberton joined Oregon's Linfield College as assistant athletic director for women's sports in 1989, she had never heard of Title IX, a 1972 constitutional amendment prohibiting the discrimination between men and women in the allotment of funds for education. But Title IX would change her life. She soon discovered that women's sports at Linfield were treated anything but equally to men's, even to the point that women athletes had to pay for their own uniforms. Pemberton's fight to make her school comply with the law would alienate her from almost all her colleagues and would make her, against her will, a celebrity. This precise recounting of Pemberton's legal battle makes an excellent case study, but it doesn't address the larger questions that Title IX has prompted: specifically, whether the legislation, which never specifically mentions sports, was meant to be used in the ways it is being used today. David PittCopyright © American Library Association. All rights reserved
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About the Author
CYNTHIA LEE A. PEMBERTON is Associate Professor in the College of Education and Chair of the Department of Education Leadership at Idaho State University. A nationally recognized authority on Title IX, she is the author of numerous articles on Title IX and gender equity in sport. She lives in Pocatello, Idaho. DONNA DE VARONA is a two-time Olympic gold medalist swimmer. The first woman sportscaster on network television, she was a founding member and first President of the Women's Sports Foundation and a moving force in the Congressional passage of the 1978 Amateur Sports Act and the landmark Title IX legislation. She lives in Connecticut.