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A Most Dangerous Book: Tacitus's Germania from the Roman Empire to the Third Reich Hardcover – May 2, 2011


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Product Details

  • Hardcover: 303 pages
  • Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company (May 2, 2011)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0393062651
  • ISBN-13: 978-0393062656
  • Product Dimensions: 8.2 x 6.1 x 1 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 1 pounds (View shipping rates and policies)
  • Average Customer Review: 4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (12 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #528,599 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

Editorial Reviews

From Publishers Weekly

Harvard classics professor Krebs writes a scholarly but lucid account of the abuse of history. Written in 98 C.E. by the Roman official Tacitus, About the Origin and Mores of the Germanic Peoples was lost for centuries but resurfaced around 1500 as Germans were growing resentful of foreign domination—in this case from the Catholic Church in Rome. The rediscovered book launched a primitivist myth that captivated admirers over the next 500 years, from Martin Luther to Heinrich Himmler, who loved its portrayal of ancient Germans as freedom-loving warriors, uncultured but honorable, in contrast to decadent Romans. In fact, Tacitus probably never visited Germany, Krebs notes. Rather, using books and travelers' reports, he wrote for a Roman audience who shared his romantic view of northern barbarians. Enthusiastic German readers, culminating in the Nazis, ignored Tacitus's disparaging comments, misread passages to confirm their prejudices, and proclaimed that the ancient historian confirmed their national superiority. This is an inventive analysis of, and warning against, an irresistible human yearning to find written proof of one's ideology. Illus. (May)
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Review

“A razor-sharp, eminently readable reminder of the potency of bad ideas. Christopher Krebs shows how intellectuals through the ages used and abused a Latin classic, Tacitus's Germania, and tells the unnerving story of its final transformation into a Nazi 'bible'. Fascinating stuff.” (Anthony Everitt , author of Hadrian and the Triumph of Rome)

“A most exciting book! In Krebs’ hands, the story of the Germania manuscript becomes part thriller, part detective story.... A must-read for anyone interested in the pernicious power of the ideas of antiquity—and a timely reminder of the responsibilities placed on readers as well as writers.” (Tim Rood, University of Oxford, author of American Anabasis)

“A fascinating story of how a book could be used and—especially—abused over two thousand years, as enemies saw it as presenting Germans as brutish and barbarian, while German nationalistic pride extracted a quite different message of a nation that was simple, virtuous, and pure.... beautifully told by Christopher Krebs.” (Christopher Pelling, editor of Greek Tragedy and the Historian)

More About the Author

Christopher B Krebs teaches Classics at Stanford University. He is the author of A Most Dangerous Book. Tacitus' Germania from the Roman Empire to the Third Reich as well as two further books.

Customer Reviews

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It is a serious book, but a compelling read.
Nessim Levy
The answer is that this is a book about the mentality of the Germans belief of a pure and superior Nordic race, and Himmler was the architect of this goal.
Gerald T. Westbrook
Christopher Krebs' book is a powerful and insightful history of Tacitus' writings.
Frank Taylor

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

20 of 20 people found the following review helpful By W. V. Buckley on October 11, 2011
Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase
Suppose a millenium from now historians found a lost copy of Alexis de Tocqueville's Democracy in America about the early days of the American republic. What would be the reaction of our decendants? Would they embrace the book wholeheartedly as the definition of American character? Would it be just a quaint relic of a long-lost era?

That is the question I kept in mind as I read Christopher Krebs' A Most Dangerous Book: Tacitus's Germania from the Roman Empire to the Third Reich. Krebs traces the book, actually a tract of less than 30 pages, from the hand of Roman historian Tacitus to the hands of Nazi leaders in the Third Reich. To borrow a phrase, Tacitus would spin in his grave at the knowledge of the uses and misuses of his work throughout history. Written at a time when what we think of as modern Germany was a collection of tribes, Tacitus finds both brutality and nobility in this loose federation of people.

Tacitus' words might have forever been lost to history if not for the work of mideval scholars and humanists who brought the Roman's book to light 1,000 years or so after it was written. From that point on, Germania was a text seemingly made of putty whose meaning could be stretched and shaped to meet the demands of whoever controlled it. Want feudal Germans to take part in a Crusade? Then play up the tales of their forefathers banding together to defend against their enemies. Want to rail against the German character? Then stress the passages that mention human sacrifice by the early Germanic tribes.
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8 of 9 people found the following review helpful By Philip Brantingham on December 26, 2012
Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
Beginning Latin students usually are faced with translating Caesar's"Gallic Wars," and move on to other relatively easy Latin texts. I've always said that Tacitus's "Germania" falls into this category, for Tacitus's prose is clear, stylish, and terse. The "Germania" (On Germany) matches up with the author's "Agricola", a tribute to Tacitus's father-in-law, who served Rome well abroad. Both essays have the same style and the same attempt at accuracy. Unfortunately, we have no idea of what the historian's sources were--but we must assume that they were authoritative and reliable. In part 8 he begins with "It is in the record that. . . " But he doesn't reveal the "record.." His study of Germany and the German tribes at the time of the Empire is laid out carefully, and wastes not a word.
In his study of the "Germania" and its latter-day influence on the Germans, Christopher Krebs in "A Most Damgerous Book" relates not only the background of the essay but how it affected the German people themselves, many of whom looked on it as a verification of the stoutness of German character. Krebs even brings the story up to modern times and the bizarre misuse of the work by the Nazis to prove their belief in the purity of the "Aryan race." A source of this misuse was Tacitus's characterization of the wild German tribes as noble savages. Had Rousseau bothered to read the "Germania" he too would have applauded the idea of the German tribes as worth emulating.
Krebs's book certainly fills out a gap in Tacitean studies about the influence of his ethnological essay on later readers. Highly readable, and certainly enlightening, it's a book no admirer of the the Roman historian should miss.
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7 of 9 people found the following review helpful By Nessim Levy on May 1, 2012
Format: Hardcover Verified Purchase
It may be hard to believe, but the author makes the search for the Annals as interesting as a mystery story. He also succeeds in showing how a "classic" portrayal of the Germans based on no real first- hand knowledge is used perniciously by generation after generation of Germans culminating in the self- serving distortions of the Nazis.
It is a serious book, but a compelling read.
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2 of 2 people found the following review helpful By R. Albin TOP 500 REVIEWER on April 30, 2013
Format: Paperback
A very well written and enjoyable study of the reception of Tacitus' Germania by German intellectuals from the Renaissance to WWII. A minor work by the great Roman historian, Germania probably reflects Tacitus' political and ideological preccupations at the time of writing, and some of the conventions of Classical ethnography. Germania apparently survived the Middle Ages in the form of a single copy in a German monastery. Rediscovered by Italian Renaissance humanist scholars, Germania was embraced by German humanists as a tool in a number of rhetorical conflicts with Italian and other scholars. Accompanied by highly tendentious interpretations, deliberate mistranslations, and some other suspect scholarly practices, Germania became embedded in the German literatry tradition as a historical document attesting to the virtues of ancestral Germans. Krebs shows how this ideological tradition of interpreting Germania was a prominent feature German intellectual life, leading ultimately to its enthusiastic adoption by Nazi ideologues. Krebs is quite clear that this sorry tale reflects mainly on a wide range of ideologically driven German intellectuals, rather than Tacitus' intentions (whatever they were). He also points to some German scholars, from the Renaissance to the 20th century, who had considerably more sensible approaches to Tacitus. This book is essentially a successful effort at historiography-intellectual history aimed at a broad audience. Krebs has some cute attempts at a Tacitean style.
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