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Greek Mythography in the Roman World by Alan Cameron (American Classical Studies: American Philological Association Book) By the Roman age the traditional stories of Greek myth had long since ceased, to reflect popular culture. Mythology had become instead a central element in elite culture. If one did not know the stories, one would not understand most of the allusions in the poets and orators, classics and contemporaries alike; nor would one be able to identify the scenes represented on the mosaic floors and wall paintings, or on the silverware at well-appointed homes.
Mythology was no longer imbibed in the nursery; nor could it be simply picked up from the often oblique allusions in the classics. It had to be learned in school, as illustrated by the extraordinary amount of elementary mythological information in the many surviv¬ing ancient commentaries on the classics, notably Servius, who offers a mythical story for almost every person, place, and even plant Vergil mentions. Commentators used the classics as pegs on which to hang stories they thought their students should know.
A surprisingly large number of mytho¬graphic treatises survive from the early empire, and many papyrus fragments from lost works prove that they were in common use. In addition, author Alan Cameron identi¬fies a hitherto unrecognized type of aid to the reading of Greek and Latin classical and clas¬sicizing texts what might be called mytho¬graphic companions to learned poets such as Aratus, Callimachus, Vergil, and Ovid, com¬plete with source references. Much of this book is devoted to an analysis of the importance evidently attached to citing classical sources for mythical stories, the clearest proof that they were now a part of learned culture.Read more ›
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