"Clive Finlayson wrote Neanderthals and Modern Humans to promote a different view, that climate-not invaders with more sophisticated culture-condemned the Neanderthals...valuable for its synthesis of the climatic backdrop to later human evolution, which reminds us of the remarkable climatic challenges that our Pleistocene predecessors had to face." Science
During the Pleistocene, human populations spread across the world. The Neanderthals were a people native to Europe who became extinct between 40 and 30 thousand years ago. Neanderthals and Modern Humans challenges the commonly held view that this extinction was caused by the arrival of our ancestors, Modern Humans, from Africa. Instead, Clive Finlayson provides evidence that it was because the Neandertals could not adapt fast enough to changing ecological and environmental conditions, and that their relationship with Modern Humans, where they met, was subtle.