"Necessity, Proportionality and the Use of Force by States is essential reading for anyone concerned with the international law on the use of force. It provides detailed analysis not found elsewhere on two of the most important use of force principles in the canon, necessity and proportionality." - Mary Ellen O'Connel, Notre Dame Law School, The American Journal of International Law
Against the background of recent armed conflicts under the United Nations Charter, this 2004 book considers how the requirements of proportionality and necessity operate as legal restraints on the forceful actions of States. It also examines the relationship between proportionality in the law on the use of force and international humanitarian law.