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Never Surrender: Confederate Memory and Conservatism in the South Carolina Upcountry Hardcover – January 26, 2004

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Editorial Reviews


"Never Surrender should have an honored place on the surprisingly short shelf of serious studies of the southern conservative tradition."--Gaines M. Foster, author of Ghosts of the Confederacy: Defeat, the Lost Cause, and the Emergence of the New South, 1865 to 1913

"In this examination of the experience and evolution of memory, celebration, and symbols in the South Carolina upcountry, Poole explains how the 'Lost Cause' became transformed from 'a living ideology of defiance' to 'a dead past to be honored.' He provides fresh insights and understanding of the roots of southern conservatism and the central role of Pitchfork Ben Tillman in making racial violence a central element in his state's transition to modernity."--Orville Vernon Burton, University of Illinois

"An important study of the changes in political perspective that took place among white men in upper South Carolina after the Civil War . . . An important study of a southern state in the last third of the nineteenth century."--Civil War Book Review

"The virtues of Poole's work are many . . . this is a good book and, what is more, it is a significant and original contribution. It brings a new and welcome intellectual rigor to the study of the meaning, and the political, social, and cultural consequences, of Confederate memory."--Register of the Kentucky Historical Society

"Poole has uncovered a niche in the vast region of the American South that offers explanation and depth to previous studies of the Lost Cause. Perhaps most significantly, he has demonstrated a way for scholars to mediate between the two dominant interpretations proposed by Wilson and Foster."--Journal of Southern Religion

"Poole has given us a detailed and careful account of Reconstruction and its aftermath in South Carolina. . . . Americans today have witnessed the rise of the NAACP and black political power. In South Carolina, the NAACP has recently been victorious in arguing against the displaying of the Confederate battle flag, at least on publicly supported premises. Poole’s book provides a context for such contemporary South Carolina controversies."--American Historical Review

"Never Surrender greatly enriches our understanding of the conservative tradition in the postwar South, while challenging many former assumptions. . . . This excellent book will appeal mostly to specialists in this period of southern history, many of whom will find its arguments compelling."--Public Historian

"Poole's book represents part of a new wave of scholarship on the Lost Cause that builds on but challenges the conclusions Gaines M. Foster and Charles Reagan Wilson drew in the 1980s. Yet, while Poole has new and significant things to say about the Lost Cause, his deeper purpose is to unravel the ideas of southern conservatism."--Florida Historical Quarterly

From the Publisher

The most focused and detailed history of southern conservatism to date.

More About the Author

W. Scott Poole is the author of numerous books and articles on race, religion and popular culture in America.

His latest is _Monsters in America_ from Baylor University Press, forthcoming in October of 2011._Monsters_ explores the American fascination with vampires, zombies, serial killers and even sea serpents, showing how these creatures of our dark obsessions help us to understand the dark and forboding places in American history.

In 2009, Poole published _Satan in America: The Devil We Know__ (Rowman and Littlefield), a cultural history of the image of Satan in American religion, history and popular culture. This exciting work blends the study of horror films, comic books, religious texts and newspaper accounts of "satanic panics" into a highly readable analysis of the concept of the devil in American cultural history. Penn State folklorist Bill Ellis called the book "required reading for anyone who wants to understand the dark roots of America culture." In 2010, the book became available in paperback and in a Kindle edition.

Poole regularly writes book and film reviews for, an international magazine of cultural criticism. He is currently writing a book about 1950s horror host and Ed Wood star "Vampira" that explores the history of American sexuality, gender relations and the rebirth of the gothic in post-WW2 America. Its a story that begins with the history of the dark lady of late night horror and branches out into a discussion of the Beats, Bebop Jazz, the birth of rock and roll and the social protest movements of the 1960s.

Poole is also an associate professor of History at the College of Charleston where he teaches courses on monsters in American history, Satan in folk belief and pop culture and the history of religion and race in American life .

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