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Not Condemned To Repetition: The United States And Nicaragua, Second Edition 2nd Edition

4 out of 5 stars 1 customer review
ISBN-13: 978-0813338101
ISBN-10: 0813338107
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Editorial Reviews


"A clear, well-written, and fascinating account of the evolution of U.S. policy towards Nicaragua... required reading." -- -Herald Muñoz, Hemisphere

"A valuable account" -- -The Economist

"By far the best study to date on the early years of the Sandinista revolution." -- -Richard Millett, Caribbean Review

"Highly recommended." -- -Library Journal

"Straightforward and honest" -- -Shirley Christian -The New Republic

"There is... much here that will interest anyone who has ever wondered how our foreign policy is really made." -- -Wall Street Journal

"This book is essential reading on U.S. policy making toward Nicaragua in the Carter and Reagan years." -- -Kenneth E. Sharpe, Political Science Quarterly

"This closely reasoned study.. explain(s) why and how the Sandinista revolution occurred, [and] why it was radicalized." -- -Publishers Weekly

Robert Pastor is uniquely qualified to write a definitive book about the relationship between Nicaragua and the United States." -- -Jimmy Carter, former President of the United States

About the Author

Robert A. Pastor is the Vice President of International Affairs at American University. He has served as the Goodrich C. White Professor of Political Science at Emory University, and he is the former director of Latin American and Caribbean Affairs, National Security Council. Dr. Pastor was a Visiting Professor at Harvard University and from 1985-98, he was Fellow and Founding Director of the Latin American and Caribbean Program and the Democracy project at the Carter Center.

Product Details

  • Paperback: 352 pages
  • Publisher: Westview Press; 2nd edition (January 11, 2002)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0813338107
  • ISBN-13: 978-0813338101
  • Product Dimensions: 8.5 x 0.8 x 11 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 1.3 pounds
  • Average Customer Review: 4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (1 customer review)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #1,860,462 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

More About the Author

Robert A. Pastor is Professor of International Relations and Founder and Director of the Center for North American Studies at American University. He served on the National Security Council and as a Consultant to the State and Defense Departments. He is the author of sixteen other books, including Exiting the Whirlpool: U.S. Foreign Policy to Latin America and A Century's Journey: How the Great Powers Shape the World.

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- as an appraisal of US-Nicaraguan relations, and for US attitudes on Latin America. Pastor was a staff member of Jimmy Carter's National Security Council and provides a wealth of insider policy information on American responses to, and shaping of, the dynamics of Nicaraguan society under Somoza and the Sandinistas. As a liberal Democrat he stood opposed to the ideological bully-boy approach of the Reagan era, which sought a return to the Somoza system through the contras. Pastor reveals an interesting fact in that the pro-Somoza crowd, who tripped up Carter's steps in dealing with the crisis of 1978-79, was led in Congress by none other than Charlie Wilson of Texas - not only Somoza's long-time lobbyist-friend, but later the cut-out man for the Afghan mujahadin and "immortalized" in Tom Hanks' bogus screen version.

Pastor's account, however, is seriously marred by his insistence that the Chamorro UNO victory of 1990 was the final triumph of democratic civil society in Nicaragua, thus reversing his predictions in the book's first edition ("Condemned to Repetition.") In fact, as William Robinson amply demonstrated in "A Faustian Bargain," the UNO victory was based on direct US intervention, through manipulation and subsidy of the UNO movement and its candidates. The whole organization was knocked together by US-based NGOs, and its platform ghost-written by the same. The contras are also slighted in Pastor's account. Without the drain of a 10-year-civil war, fueled by the US, and continuing contra actions right up to election day, the elections could not have resulted in such a clear-cut victory for UNO, if not an outright victory for the Sandinistas.
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