Botanical name ~ Carum carvi Aroma ~ Sweet, spicy & nutty. Extraction ~ by steam distillation Part of plant ~ from the seeds.Country of Origin ~ HollandChemical Constituents ~ Carvone, limonene, cuminic aldehyde.Uses ~ Excellent for maintaining a healthy digestion by increasing gastric juices and easing spasm and flatulence. It is effective in supporting respiration and good in oral care products. Eases fatigue.Organic Certificate ~ This Essential Oil is certified Organic by the Soil Association which means you can be sure that it has been produced to the highest ethical and environmental standards. The Soil Association's standards exceed the UK government's minimum requirements for organic products in many areas but particularly in animal welfare, GM and the use of pesticides. Standards are constantly reviewed to ensure they deal with current issues.