About the Author
Richard B. Kreider, PhD, serves as associate professor and assistant department chair in the Department of Human Movement Sciences and Education at the University of Memphis. His primary research focus has been on optimizing human performance by studying nutritional considerations, physiology of ultraendurance exercise, and overtraining. Dr. Kreider has published more than 100 research articles in scientific journals. He is a Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine and the research digest editor for the International Journal of Sport Nutrition.
Andrew C. Fry, PhD, is an assistant professor in the Department of Human Movement Sciences and Education at the University of Memphis. Dr. Fry's primary research interests lie in resistance exercise, skeletal muscle adaptations to resistance exercise, and overtraining in resistance athletes. He has published more than 75 research articles and also has served as an editorial assistant for the Journal of Applied Sport Science Research from 1985 to 1988. Dr. Fry is the supervising editor for the Sport Science and Medical Committee series in Weightlifting USA, supervising editor for research summaries in Strength & Conditioning, and associate editor of the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.
Mary O'Toole, PhD, serves as associate professor in the College of Medicine, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, at the University of Tennessee-Memphis. Her main area of expertise is in the medical and physiological aspects of endurance and ultraendurance exercise; she has studied Ironman triathletes for more than 10 years. Dr. O'Toole has published numerous book chapters, peer-reviewed articles, and abstracts, and has lectured internationally on various aspects of endurance exercise. A Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine, she has also organized and chaired ACSM symposia on ultraendurance exercise.