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The Pastoral Epistles (International Critical Commentary) [Paperback]

by I. Howard Marshall
5.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (4 customer reviews)

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Book Description

June 15, 2004 0567084558 978-0567084552 1
For over one hundred years, the International Critical Commentary series has held a special place among works on the Bible. It has sought to bring together all the relevant aids to exegesis — linguistic and textual no less than archaeological, historical, literary and theological—with a level of comprehension and quality of scholarship unmatched by any other series.

No attempt has been made to secure a uniform theological or critical approach to the biblical text: contributors have been invited for their scholarly distinction, not for their adherence to any one school of thought. The first paperback editions to be published cover the heart of the New Testament, providing a wealth of information and research in accessible and attractive format.

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The Pastoral Epistles (International Critical Commentary) + The Letters to Timothy and Titus (New International Commentary on the New Testament) + Word Biblical Commentary Vol. 46, Pastoral Epistles
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Editorial Reviews


“This volume, in this series, by this author, needs no commendation: it is an essential component of every scholarly library.” —Peter Doble, University of Leeds, Theological Book Review (Peter Doble Theological Book Review)

About the Author

I. Howard Marshall is Emeritus Professor of New Testament Exegesis and Honorary Research Professor at the University of Aberdeen.

Product Details

  • Series: International Critical Commentary
  • Paperback: 912 pages
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury T&T Clark; 1 edition (June 15, 2004)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0567084558
  • ISBN-13: 978-0567084552
  • Product Dimensions: 8.5 x 5.5 x 1.8 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 2.4 pounds (View shipping rates and policies)
  • Average Customer Review: 5.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (4 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Best Sellers Rank: #856,692 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

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12 of 12 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars A worthy commentary August 1, 2003
I. Howard Marshall has labored to produce a wonderful commentary worthy of inclusion in any pastor and theologian's library. Following suit with the other members of the ICC family, Marshall goes about his exegetical task of taking the Greek and bringing forth meaning in a practical and academic manner. The healthy bibliography allows the student, pastor, and theologian equal access to the mountain of works applicable to a particular passage.
Though Marshall denies Pauline authorship, his arguments, as aforementioned by a fellow reviewer, are not convincing (though exhaustive of the issues confronting authorship.) A rather remarkable approach, Marshall places Titus at the front of the commentary in a bold step to bring to the face a usually neglected book. The commentary is better for this practice.
Having used Knight, Mounce, Quinn and Wacker, Debellious and Counzelmann, and several other competent commentaries in a exegesis course on the Pastoral Epistles, Marhsall's commentary was a steadfast primary resource in my studies. Though the pastor not educated in languages will not be able to follow this commentary easily, the educated clergy will find it invaluable in their pursuits of exegesis and exposition from the PE. Marshall has given us a staple for NT scholarship.
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7 of 7 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars In depth, well-researched, and well-reasoned February 1, 2008
This is hands down a brilliant commentary. I must begin by saying that I disagree with Marshall's rejection of Paul's authorship of the Pastorals. Despite that, he does an absolutely tremendous job and goes to a level of depth that is riveting, not boring. His treatment of the tough "women" passages in 1 Timothy 2 is brilliant. Those on all sides of that issue will have something to cheer about yet something to scratch their heads about and feel the need to rethink their positions. His exegesis gives such a fresh back-to-the-original-setting approach that our later encrusted, culturally-based views on such passages seem rather simplistic by comparison.

The number of in-depth, serious scholarly treatments of the Pastorals is dizzying: Towner's NIC, Johnson's new AB, Quinn & Wacker's ECC, Mounce's WBC, Collin's NTC, Knight's NIGTC and Marshall's ICC (not to mention the forthcoming Pillar and Baker Exegetical volumes). Few NT books can boast such a line-up of high quality commentaries. Marshall's ICC certainly holds it's own in this group, and may well be the best. I've used all of these but Knight and Towner. By the way, Towner was virtually Marshall's co-author on this ICC despite their differing opinions on authorship. I highly recommend this book.
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7 of 7 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Long Awaited and Masterful April 13, 2001
The pastorals have been often overlooked. Finally a superb technical commentary from an evangelical. Some will quibble with major and minor points (though clearly evangelical, he denies Pauline authorship for starters), there is so much that is illuminating in these pages. A real window into early christianity!
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2 of 2 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Painstaking word by word exegesis of the Greek Text March 8, 2009
This is a tremendously thorough exegesis of the Pastoral Epistles. Marshall goes deep, deep, deep into the Greek text, often basing his exegetical decisions on connecting words and key phrases in the immediate context.

The introduction makes clear that these epistles are documents intended for leaders who supervise clusters of churches in a given region. Marshall also has a nearly 40 page discussion on the authorship of the Pastoral Epistles. He doesn't believe Paul wrote these letters because of the differences in language and style from Paul's earlier letters. He notes the reference to traditions and the use of maxims and enthymemes that Paul doesn't use elsewhere. He thinks that either Timothy or Titus or another companion of Paul lovingly assembled these letters, using authentic Pauline excerpts. He believes that this was done because Paul had recently passed from the scene and that people needed to be reminded to stay true to Pauline theology.

There's just one little problem with all of this. Each of the pastoral epistles are explicitly attributed to Paul. If I am going to take a scholar's advice to discount the clear teaching of the Bible, I'm going need some compelling reasons. No, I'm going to need some OVERWHELMINGLY compelling reasons. The appeal to stylistic differences is not convincing for the following reasons: 1. The stylistic differences are not drastic. Can't we allow for the possibility that the apostle Paul has a more expansive vocabulary than we often give him credit for? Can't we allow for the possibility that Paul has picked up a few new choice phrases through the years? I recently used the word "vacuous" in a book review. As far as I can remember, I've never used that word before. Does this mean I couldn't have written the review?

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