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The short (and sometimes aphoristic) observations in Philosophical Investigations allow the reader to ponder basic questions on what describes a category, how language works in everyday situations, and how symbols function to represent our world.
Originally a series of notes to himself as he lectured on philosophy, the book is a brilliant grab bag of thought and example. Often framed as a question ("How do I recognize that this is red?"), the philosopher provides short answers in a sentence or two, never more than a paragraph. (The second part of the book uses longer answers of several pages to develop its arguments.) An index lets the reader browse on topics of interest--such as language, concept, games, or naming.
Any artificial intelligence researcher looking to understand human language will be intrigued by Wittgenstein's ideas on how symbols and language operate. And for anyone who designs software with objects, this book's careful attention to thinking about what makes a good category demonstrates rigorous thinking about everyday objects and things. Philosophical Investigations is at times a strange and often wonderful book that reveals the thought processes of one of history's finest minds. It exposes the fundamental problems of using language as a means of teaching machines to think using words. --Richard Dragan
Topics covered: Theory of language and language games, meaning and symbols, concepts and categories, behavior, games (including chess), color, images and perception, grammar and language, sensations, theory of mind and thinking.
Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (1889-1951) was an Austrian-British philosopher whose books such as Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus and the current book are among the acknowledged... Read morePublished 13 months ago by Steven H Propp
" But I did not get my picture of the world by satisfying myself of its correctness: nor do I have it because I am satisfied of its correctness. Read morePublished on October 21, 2012 by michael
Very poor binding. The pages are all stiff, don't turn easily. The cover is of cheap quality. I feel I am cheated out of the money. The other editions are much better. Read morePublished on January 26, 2011 by Haroon Ali Agha
This is Wittgenstein's posthumous book. The original German is given side by side with the English translation by G.E.M. Anscombe. Read morePublished on March 23, 2010 by Jake Le Master
One aspect of this book that makes it important for simply that contribution is the notion of "language games. Read morePublished on January 1, 2007 by Steven Peterson
I think many readers are turned off by the broken up nature of the text. The format does not bother me. Read morePublished on December 20, 2005 by Aaron
Wittgenstein was cryptic in the extreme. This has been mistaken for wisdom. Though he was considered an oracle by the 20th century he is likely, as was Herbert Spencer, famous in... Read morePublished on June 11, 2005 by Robin George
This is a book which at one time was worshipped. It was taken to be the holy text that gave the true answers to the philosophical puzzles that graduate students in philosophy were... Read morePublished on February 24, 2005 by Shalom Freedman
A lot of philosophers today are dissatisfied with what they see as a contemptuous attitude of Wittgenstein towards the traditional method of philosophical inquiry: 1)looking at... Read morePublished on August 14, 2004 by N. Dyachenko