A collection of classic articles from the field of artificial intelligence (AI), The Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence
would be a good complement to an introductory textbook on AI fundamentals. The back cover of the book states that the material is intended for the university student or general reader, but don't be fooled. Unless you are a student in a supportive class setting or a general reader who happens to have a degree in engineering, you are likely to find the content difficult. The first chapter, for example, assumes knowledge of calculus. However, if you have the right preparation, you'll be treated to fifteen important papers in AI--including Alan Turing's Computing Machinery and Intelligence
article, which proposed the now well-known Turing test for determining whether a machine is intelligent.
"The collection strikes an intelligent balance between the classics of cognitive science and new material. Boden gathers together readings that hang together as an integrated, coherent whole and also span a wide terrain. Developing a general theory of cognition will require help from psychology, but the readings are exciting precisely because of their efforts to extract the essential components of intelligence from their specific instantiations." --Contemporary Psychology