From the Publisher
Presents new research revealing the interplay between classical analysis and modern computation and complexity theory. Two intimately interwoven threads run though the text: the arithmetic-geometric mean (AGM) iteration of Gauss, Lagrange, and Legendre and the calculation of pi[l.c. Greek letter]. These two threads are carried in three directions. The first leads to 19th century analysis, in particular, the transformation theory of elliptic integrals, which necessitates a brief discussion of such topics as elliptic integrals and functions, theta functions, and modular functions. The second takes the reader into the domain of analytic complexity--Just how intrinsically difficult is it to calculate algebraic functions, elementary functions and constants, and the familiar functions of mathematical physics? The answers are surprising, for the familiar methods are often far from optimal. The third direction leads through applications and ancillary material--particularly the rich interconnections between the function theory and the number theory. Included are Rogers-Ramanujan identities, algebraic series for pi[l.c. Greek letter], results on sums of two and four squares, the transcendence of pi[l.c. Greek letter] and e[ital.], and a discussion of Madelung's constant, lattice sums, and elliptic invariants. Exercises.
From the Back Cover
Critical Acclaim for Pi and the AGM:
"Fortunately we have the Borwein's beautiful book . . . explores in the first five chapters the glorious world so dear to Ramanujan . . . would be a marvelous text book for a graduate course."—Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society
"What am I to say about this quilt of a book? One is reminded of Debussy who, on being asked by his harmony teacher to explain what rules he was following as he improvised at the piano, replied, "Mon plaisir." The authors are cultured mathematicians. They have selected what has amused and intrigued them in the hope that it will do the same for us. Frankly, I cannot think of a more provocative and generous recipe for writing a book . . . (it) is cleanly, even beautifully written, and attractively printed and composed. The book is unique. I cannot think of any other book in print which contains more than a smidgen of the material these authors have included.—SIAM Review
"If this subject begins to sound more interesting than it did in the last newspaper article on 130 million digits of Pi, I have partly succeeded. To succeed completely I will have gotten you interested enough to read the delightful and important book by the Borweins."—American Mathematical Monthly
"The authors are to be commended for their careful presentation of much of the content of Ramanujan's famous paper, 'Modular Equations and Approximations to Pi'. This material has not heretofore appeared in book form. However, more importantly, Ramanujan provided no proofs for many of the claims that he made, and so the authors provided many of the missing details . . . The Borweins, indeed have helped us find the right roads."—Mathematics of Computation