One of the fundamental tenets of modernism was its image of hygiene, its ideal of bringing cleanliness and order to the great unwashed, as evident in Adolf Loos's 1898 article, "Plumbers." Using Loos as a point of departure, the essays in this collection examine architecture through the multiple meanings inherent in plumbingÑfrom the pipes of modern hygiene, to the plumb line of the right angle, to Marcel Duchamp's Ready-made urinal.?
?Essay titles include "Siegfried Giedion and the Fascination of the Tub," "The Pneumatic Bathroom," "Bathrooms and Kitchens: Cleaning House with Duchamp," "Architects' Bellies: The Plumbing of Masculine Conceptions," and, of course, Loos's "Plumbers." Among the contributors are Victor Burgin, Xavier Costa, Marco Frascari, Harry Francis Mallgrave, and Helen Molesworth.