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Roosevelt: The Soldier of Freedom (1940-1945) [Kindle Edition]

James MacGregor Burns
4.2 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (76 customer reviews)

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Book Description

Burns’s Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award–winning history of Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s final years
 
The second entry in James Macgregor Burns’s definitive two-volume biography of Roosevelt begins with the president’s precedent-breaking third term election in 1940, just as Americans were beginning to face the likelihood of war. Here, Burns examines Roosevelt’s skillful wartime leadership as well as his vision for post-war peace. Hailed by William Shirer as “the definitive book on Roosevelt in the war years,” and by bestselling author Barbara Tuchman as “engrossing, informative, endlessly readable,” The Soldier of Freedom is a moving profile of a leader gifted with rare political talent in an era of extraordinary challenges, sacrifices, heroism, and hardship.
 



Editorial Reviews

Review

“Incisively and vividly written . . . Burns’s best book.” —LIFE
 
“[A] book of broad scope that never shirks the complexities and difficult judgments on Roosevelt’s conduct of office . . .” —The New York Times
 

About the Author

James MacGregor Burns (b. 1918) is a bestselling American historian and political scientist whose work has earned both the National Book Award and a Pulitzer Prize. Born in Boston, Burns fell in love with politics and history at an early age. He earned his BA at Williams College, where he returned to teach history and political science after obtaining his PhD at Harvard and serving in World War II. Burns’s two-volume biography of Franklin Roosevelt is considered the definitive examination of the politician’s rise to power, and his groundbreaking writing on the subject of political leadership has influenced scholars for decades. He currently serves as the Woodrow Wilson Professor of Government Emeritus at Williams College and as Distinguished Leadership Scholar at the University of Maryland.

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Customer Reviews

Most Helpful Customer Reviews
26 of 26 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars An Insightful Study July 8, 2007
Format:Hardcover
This is a study of Franklin D. Roosevelt's leadership as president between the years 1940-1945. The author is certainly a scholar on President Roosevelt and this study is choke full of information that makes this an extremely informative, but for me, a bit of a slow read. Burns' thesis is that Roosevelt was both the idealist and the realist. His often lofty goals and dreams could often be compromised for the more pragmatic (some might say perfidious) decisions reached. It is indeed a dichotomy that shows throughout this study. But despite this lack of cohesion between an effectual joining of these two traits, Roosevelt's wartime leadership is still heralded by most historians.

For some who might want to know more about the actual military engagements in Europe and the Pacific, you might be a bit disappointed. This book is more concerned with strategies developed by Roosevelt and other leaders for both fronts, where priority should be given, how the alliance worked together and so forth. Roosevelt's respect for public opinion was certainly a major factor for his early hesitancy to rush to the aid of Great Britain. Indeed, Roosevelt was seemingly always guided by popular opinion, though I think he probably was ahead of it in ways.

Some of the interesting facets of this book that helped shed some insight for me on Roosevelt's foreign policy was his belief that China had to be a major player in the postwar world, even though he perhaps overestimated China's military capabilities under Chiang Kai-shek. His understanding of the importance of trying to keep good relations with Russia came through as well. His anti-colonialism was often used to tweak Churchill, though as Burns stated, Roosevelt would never go too far in the risk of jeopardizing allied partnership.
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27 of 31 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Excellent Companion: War Administration April 15, 2000
Format:Hardcover
This is Mr. Burns' companion volume to his Lion and the Fox (check that out). This focuses on FDR's WWII War Administration: policies, attitudes, hopes and worldly goals.
FDR's dedication to the well-being of the United States in WWII is evidenced by the fact that to start with, he didn't want a third term in office come 1940. Indeed, such aspirations were frowned upon in the political community. It did not stop him; as he saw it, it was his duty and obligation to the American people to keep familiar leadership in time of international turmoil. Other obstacles: struggles to arm allies, constant planning and meeting with allied leaders, and gradual, failing health. Burns also shows FDR's political savvy, using the utilization for war to the nation's advantage. Many unemployed workers were put back to work, which helped shift American industry into an overdrive that didn't stop for decades. Vision: as a disciple of Woodrow Wilson, he had a vision of a United Nations. One that he did not live to see.
For anyone reading about FDR, or World War II, this companion volume on his war administration is a must for anyone's collection, as it has become in mine.
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9 of 9 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars Enjoyed it May 24, 2011
Format:Hardcover|Verified Purchase
Burn's biography of President Roosevelt is a broad historical review of America's role in World War II, with a special focus on the American president. Burns has established himself as an academic authority on the Roosevelt presidency, and his biographies on Roosevelt have won the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award. Relying primarily on the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library and other collections and archives, Burns effectively illustrates the myriad of responsibilities facing the President of the United States during the war. Beyond broad strategy goals, Roosevelt was tasked with providing political victories, promoting morale, shaping economic policy during mobilization, controlling inflation and planning for the post-war world. Throughout the war, conflicts erupted between military planners and politicians, management and labor, and all the various Allied leaders. Roosevelt's flexible, informal style frustrated Marshall and Eisenhower, but it ultimately proved to be an asset in addressing the countless problems facing the Commander in Chief.

Throughout his presidency, a disconnect existed between Roosevelt's high-minded rhetoric and his behind-the-scenes use of Realpolitik. Roosevelt's strong speeches outlined bold, idealistic war aims, but he suffered from indecision behind the scenes, which delayed the United States' commitment before the attack on Pearl Harbor. Roosevelt's indecision and his vague policy preferences were due to stiff political opposition from isolationist voters at home. The draft-extension bill, for example, survived by only one vote and limited other moves to escalate the war effort.

The attack on Pearl Harbor unified the nation and brought Roosevelt's strategy into focus.
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11 of 12 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars An Excellent Completion of the Story November 2, 2008
Format:Hardcover
"Roosevelt: The Soldier of Freedom" picks up where author James MacGregor Burns' earlier volume "Roosevelt: The Lion and the Fox" (see my Amazon review) left off.

Like the first volume, it is a readable study of a master of the political process. Beginning in the autumn of 1940, it tells the story of FDR's skillful guidance of the country down the road leading to involvement in World War II. Going through the building of an internationalist coalition in Congress and the passage of the Lend-Lease and Selective Service bills, the latter which passed by one vote, the reader come to appreciate the tight rope which FDR had to negotiate in order to prepare his generation for its greatest rendezvous with destiny. Amidst those challenges, Roosevelt devised a strategy with which to guide the U.S. through the choppy seas that he saw ahead. Many think of America's involvement as beginning with Pearl Harbor, but this book outlines the beginning of the war with the naval involvement in the North Atlantic which brought the U.S. closer and closer to active combat.

The attack on Pearl Harbor brought a new challenge to this soldier who's adhered to the "Europe First" principle. Domestic political and naval pressure was brought to bear to take the war to Japan, which had attacked us, rather than Germany, which was seen as Britain's foe. With determination, FDR balanced the resource demands of the three theatres, Europe, the Pacific and China, while focusing on the defeat of Germany.

The USSR's constant distrust of the Western Allies complicated the issues of where to take the offensive. It was Roosevelt who insisted on Operation Torch, the landings in North Africa, in order to show good faith in establishing a second front to draw pressure off of Russia and to get U.S.
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Most Recent Customer Reviews
5.0 out of 5 stars Five Stars
great book, completre, insightful
Published 9 days ago by bill kramer
4.0 out of 5 stars Four Stars
Covered all facets of that wartime period very well, and particularly the relationship of the Big Three.
Published 10 days ago by Barbara Grace
4.0 out of 5 stars Four Stars
long but interesting
Published 1 month ago by Becky Garrison
5.0 out of 5 stars Five Stars
Thanks!
Published 2 months ago by Susan Rigby
5.0 out of 5 stars Great two part series on one of the immortals of American History.
Well written which makes this a pleasurable read. Tells the story of the man who helped save the world when the world was slipping into a potential dark age. Read more
Published 2 months ago by eski15
4.0 out of 5 stars An Excellent/Readable History
I am not a history buff but purchased this book to learn more about this era in American history. It was very readable and, since it was divided into parts (one for each year),... Read more
Published 2 months ago by Robert E. Howes
5.0 out of 5 stars Always enjoy reading about Roosevelt and the leaders of the world ...
Always enjoy reading about Roosevelt and the leaders of the world at the time of the second world war. Read more
Published 3 months ago by Helen V. Biggins
4.0 out of 5 stars Great Man
Another book from an era that mesmerrizes me.
Published 3 months ago by TableRock55
5.0 out of 5 stars A great read! An insightful book to Roosevelt's thinking and ...
A great read! An insightful book to Roosevelt's thinking and the not so harmonious politics of our allies in WWII. Deja vu!!
Published 3 months ago by George W Ringer
3.0 out of 5 stars Good History Read
Good book for details on history during that period. Gave me some insight into Roosevelt's quirks. I would read it again because of the content but it was a little slow at times.
Published 5 months ago by Ron
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