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Several of the essays offer useful case studies for understanding the ways in which science has been influenced by the ideological context in which it was practiced. Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences
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Series: Routledge Studies in the History of Science, Technology and Medicine
This collection discusses the complexities involved when ideologies and scientists. Though it is often heard that science is some timeless, monolithic, and immune object to ideologies and worldviews, this book should rectify that by pointing out cases where ideologies have limited, restricted, prohibited, and opened opportunities to scientists in many parts of the world in recent history. Science does not exist in vacuum since it is made by scientists, who are ultimately regular people.
The most important chapters, in my opinion, are the first few since they get to the bulk of the question of science and ideology. The rest are extra glimpses into some other aspects of how ideology and politics can influence scientists and their scientific research. Since scientists have depended on government funding and since issues affecting the state like war or modernization have controlled the focus of scientists in some fields, one can surely see that science does not exist in vacuum nor is it an isolated enterprise that is immune from the ideologies of both governments and individual scientists. Another important lesson is that democracy is not really as "necessary" to science as is often assumed. The book documents some examples of research and technological advances that were done by even imprisoned scientists for various war efforts. However, it cannot be missed that ideologies did have career stopping and lethal consequences. Many scientists in numerous countries (e.g. Soviet Union and Communist China) lost their lives for various reasons and overall this is a loss to humanity that is utterly repugnant.